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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
SCHEDULE 14A
Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Filed by the Registrant   ☒
Filed by a Party other than the Registrant   ☐
Check the appropriate box:

Preliminary Proxy Statement

Confidential, for Use of the Commission Only (as permitted by Rule 14a-6(e)(2))

Definitive Proxy Statement

Definitive Additional Materials

Soliciting Material under §240.14a-12
ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
(Name of the Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
   
(Name of Person(s) Filling Proxy Statement, if other than the Registrant)
Payment of Filing Fee (Check the appropriate box):

No fee required.

Fee computed on table below per Exchange Act Rules 14a-6(i)(1) and 0-11.
(1)
Title of each class of securities to which transaction applies:
(2)
Aggregate number of securities to which transaction applies:
(3)
Per unit price or other underlying value of transaction computed pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 0-11 (set forth the amount on which the filing fee is calculated and state how it was determined):
(4)
Proposed estimated aggregate value of transaction:
(5)
Total fee paid:

Fee paid previously with preliminary materials.

Check box if any part of the fee is offset as provided by Exchange Act Rule 0-11(a)(2) and identify the filing for which the offsetting fee was paid previously. Identify the previous filing by registration statement number, or the Form or Schedule and the date of its filing.
(1)
Amount Previously Paid:
(2)
Form, Schedule, or Registration Statement No.:
(3)
Filing Party:
(4)
Date Filed:

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ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
701 Veterans Circle
Warminster, Pennsylvania 18974, United States
(267) 469-0914
April 8, 2021
Dear Shareholder:
You are cordially invited to attend Arbutus Biopharma Corporation’s 2021 Annual General and Special Meeting of Shareholders to be held on Wednesday, May 26, 2021 (the “Annual Meeting”). The Annual Meeting will begin at 10:00 a.m. (Eastern Daylight Time) and will be held solely by means of live audio webcast online at https://web.lumiagm.com/172077602. The enclosed Notice and Management Proxy Circular and Proxy Statement describe the matters to be presented at the Annual Meeting.
Whether or not you plan to virtually attend the Annual Meeting, please vote as soon as possible to ensure that your shares will be represented and voted at the Annual Meeting. Due to voting rules that may prevent your bank or broker from voting your uninstructed shares on a discretionary basis in the election of directors and other non-routine matters, it is important that you cast your vote.
We look forward to seeing you at the Annual Meeting.
Sincerely,
[MISSING IMAGE: sg_franktorti-bw.jpg]
Frank Torti, M.D.
Chairman of the Board of Directors
 

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IMPORTANT NOTICE REGARDING THE AVAILABILITY OF PROXY MATERIALS FOR THE
ANNUAL GENERAL AND SPECIAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS TO BE HELD VIRTUALLY VIA THE INTERNET ON MAY 26, 2021:
The Company is making this Proxy Statement/Circular, a form of proxy card, and our Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2020 available electronically via the internet at https://astvotemyproxy.com and our website, www.arbutusbio.com. On or before April 16, 2021, we will mail to our Shareholders a Notice of Internet Availability and Proxy Materials (the “Notice”), which will contain instructions on how to access this Proxy Statement/Circular and our Annual Report and how to vote. Shareholders who receive this Notice will not receive a printed copy of the proxy materials in the mail, although the Notice will contain instructions on how you can request a printed copy of the proxy materials if so desired. Whether or not you expect to attend the virtual Annual Meeting, please follow the instructions on the Notice so that your shares may be voted at the Annual Meeting. You may vote your shares by mail, by email, by telephone, by facsimile or through the internet by following the instructions set forth on the Notice. If you attend the Annual Meeting, you may revoke your previously-submitted proxy and vote virtually during the Annual Meeting.
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ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
701 Veterans Circle
Warminster, Pennsylvania 18974, United States
(267) 469-0914
NOTICE OF 2021 ANNUAL GENERAL AND SPECIAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS
TO BE HELD WEDNESDAY, MAY 26, 2021
Dear Shareholders of Arbutus Biopharma Corporation:
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the 2021 Annual General and Special Meeting of Shareholders (the “Annual Meeting”) of Arbutus Biopharma Corporation, a British Columbia corporation (“Arbutus”, the “Company”, “we”, “us”, and “our”), will be held on Wednesday, May 26, 2021 at 10:00 a.m. (Eastern Daylight Time) solely by means of live audio webcast online at https://web.lumiagm.com/172077602, for the following purposes:
1.
ELECTION OF DIRECTORS.   To elect the eight (8) director nominees of Arbutus named in the accompanying Management Proxy Circular and Proxy Statement each to serve until the 2022 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders or until his qualified successor has been duly elected or appointed;
2.
APPROVAL OF AN AMENDMENT TO THE ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION 2016 OMNIBUS SHARE AND INCENTIVE PLAN.   To approve an amendment to the Arbutus Biopharma Corporation 2016 Omnibus Share and Incentive Plan, as supplemented and amended (the “2016 Plan”), to (a) increase the aggregate number of common shares authorized for issuance thereunder by 9,000,000 common shares and (b) increase the aggregate number of common shares that may be issued pursuant to incentive stock options granted thereunder by 9,000,000 common shares;
3.
ADVISORY VOTE TO APPROVE THE COMPENSATION OF OUR NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS.   To approve, on a non-binding advisory basis, the compensation of our named executed officers as disclosed in the accompanying Management Proxy Circular and Proxy Statement (commonly referred to as a “Say on Pay” vote);
 

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4.
ADVISORY VOTE TO APPROVE THE FREQUENCY OF FUTURE ADVISORY VOTES ON THE COMPENSATION OF THE COMPANY’S NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS.   To approve, on a non-binding advisory basis, the frequency of future advisory votes on the compensation of our named executive officers (commonly referred to as a “Say on Frequency” vote);
5.
RATIFICATION OF THE APPOINTMENT OF THE INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM.   To ratify the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021;
6.
RECEIVE ANNUAL FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.   To receive our audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020 and the report of the independent registered public accounting firm thereon; and
7.
ANY OTHER BUSINESS.   To transact such other business as may properly come before the Annual Meeting, or at any adjournments or postponements thereof.
The foregoing matters are more fully described in the accompanying Management Proxy Circular and Proxy Statement. We recommend that our shareholders vote FOR Proposal Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 5 listed above, including each of the director nominees, and vote “1 YEAR” for Proposal No. 4 listed above.
Our Board of Directors (“Board”) has fixed the close of business on Wednesday, April 7, 2021 as the record date for determining the shareholders entitled to receive notice of, and to vote at, the Annual Meeting or any adjournments or postponements thereof. The Annual Meeting may be adjourned or postponed from time to time without notice other than by announcement at the Annual Meeting.
Because the Annual Meeting will be held solely by remote communication, with no physical location, you should submit a proxy or participate via live audio webcast online. You can access the virtual Annual Meeting at the Annual Meeting time at https://web.lumiagm.com/172077602. By hosting the Annual Meeting online, we are able to communicate more effectively with our shareholders, enable increased attendance and participation from locations around the world, reduce costs and increase overall efficiency and safety for both us and our shareholders. The virtual Annual Meeting has been designed to provide the same rights to participate as you would have at an in-person meeting. You will be able to attend, vote and submit questions from any location via the internet.
Your vote is important. Even if you plan to attend the virtual Annual Meeting, we urge you to submit your proxy or voting instructions as soon as possible. For specific instructions on how to vote your shares, please refer to the“Questions and Answers About the Proxy Materials and Voting” section of the accompanying Management Proxy Circular and Proxy Statement and the Notice.
BY ORDER OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS
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Frank Torti, M.D.,
Chairman of the Board of Directors
April 8, 2021
 

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ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
701 Veterans Circle
Warminster, Pennsylvania 18974, United States
(267) 469-0914
MANAGEMENT PROXY CIRCULAR AND PROXY STATEMENT
2021 ANNUAL GENERAL AND SPECIAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS
TO BE HELD ON WEDNESDAY, MAY 26, 2021
This Management Proxy Circular and Proxy Statement (“Proxy Statement/Circular”) is furnished in connection with the solicitation of proxies by the management of Arbutus Biopharma Corporation, a British Columbia corporation, for use at the 2021 Annual General and Special Meeting of Shareholders, or at any adjournments or postponements thereof (the “Annual Meeting”), to be held on Wednesday, May 26, 2021 at the time and place and for the purposes set forth in the “Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials” ​(the “Notice”) and this Proxy Statement/Circular.
In accordance with rules and regulations adopted by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), our Board has elected to furnish our Proxy Statement/Circular and Annual Report to Shareholders by providing access to those documents via the Internet instead of mailing printed copies. As a result, we will begin mailing our Shareholders, on or before April 16, 2021, the Notice, which will contain instructions on how Shareholders can access our proxy materials over the Internet and cast their vote via the Internet, by telephone or by mail. You received the Notice if you owned our common shares at the close of business on April 7, 2021 (the “Record Date”), and that entitles you to vote at the Annual Meeting. The Notice will also contain instructions on how Shareholders can receive a printed copy of the proxy materials at no charge.
In this Proxy Statement/Circular, references to “the Company,” “Arbutus,” “we,” and “our” refer to Arbutus Biopharma Corporation and its consolidated subsidiary, unless the context indicates otherwise. “Common Shares” means our common shares without par value. Unless otherwise indicated, the statistical and financial data contained in this Proxy Statement/Circular are as of December 31, 2020. These proxy materials describe the matters on which our Board would like you to vote and contain information that we are required to provide to you under the SEC’s rules, when we solicit your proxy.
Whether or not you plan to attend the virtual Annual Meeting, we urge you to promptly submit your proxy card or voting instructions. Your promptness in voting will assist in the expeditious and orderly processing of the proxies and in ensuring that a quorum is present at the Annual Meeting. If you vote your proxy or voting instructions, you may nevertheless attend the Annual Meeting and vote your Common Shares at the Annual Meeting if you wish. Please note, however, that if your Common Shares are held of record by an intermediary or other nominee (“Intermediary”) and you wish to vote at the Annual Meeting, you must follow the instructions provided to you by your Intermediary. If you want to revoke your instructions at a later time prior to the vote for any reason, you may do so in the manner described in this Proxy Statement/Circular.
IMPORTANT NOTICE REGARDING THE AVAILABILITY OF PROXY MATERIALS FOR THE ANNUAL MEETING TO BE HELD ON MAY 26, 2021. Our Proxy Statement/Circular, Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, and proxy card are available at https://astvotemyproxy.com, our website, www.arbutusbio.com, the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov, and under our profile at www.sedar.com.
 

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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE PROXY MATERIALS AND VOTING
What is the purpose of this Proxy Statement/Circular?
Our Board is soliciting your proxy to vote at the Annual Meeting, which will be held solely by means of live audio webcast online at https://web.lumiagm.com/172077602, on Wednesday, May 26, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. (Eastern Daylight Time). This Proxy Statement/Circular contains important information about the matters to be voted on at the Annual Meeting and about us. As many of our Shareholders may be unable to virtually attend the Annual Meeting, proxies are solicited to give each Shareholder an opportunity to vote on all matters that will properly come before the Annual Meeting. References in this Proxy Statement/Circular to the Annual Meeting include any adjournments or postponements of the Annual Meeting.
Because the Annual Meeting will be held virtually, with no physical location, you should submit a proxy or participate via live audio webcast online. By hosting the Annual Meeting online, we are able to communicate more effectively with our Shareholders, enable increased attendance and participation from locations around the world, reduce costs and increase overall efficiency and safety for us and our Shareholders. The virtual Annual Meeting has been designed to provide the same rights to participate as you would have at an in-person meeting. If you plan to attend the Annual Meeting, you will need your control number included on your Notice of Internet Availability and Proxy Materials (the “Notice”). The Annual Meeting will begin promptly at 10:00 a.m. (Eastern Daylight Time). Online check-in will begin at 9:30 a.m. (Eastern Daylight Time), and you should allow ample time for the online check-in procedures.
How can I access the proxy materials for the Annual Meeting?
Shareholders may access the proxy materials, which include the Notice, the Proxy Statement/Circular (including a form of proxy card) and our 2020 Annual Report to Shareholders, which consists of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (the “Annual Report”) on the internet at https://astvotemyproxy.com, on our website, www.arbutusbio.com, the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov and under our profile at www.sedar.com.
You may request paper copies of any of these documents free of charge upon request. Requests may be made up to one year from the date the proxy materials are posted on our website. Registered shareholders who wish to receive a paper copy of the proxy materials can call toll free at 1-888-433-6443, follow instructions at https://www.meetingdocuments.com/ASTCA/ABUS or email fulfilment@astfinancial.com. Any requests for material received before the Annual Meeting should be mailed within three business days. We estimate that your request for materials will need to be received on or before May 11, 2021 in order to ensure you receive your paper copies in advance of the voting deadline. Non-registered beneficial shareholders who wish to receive a paper copy of the proxy materials should follow the instructions on the notice they receive from the Intermediary.
What information is contained in this Proxy Statement/Circular and Arbutus’ Annual Report?
The information in this Proxy Statement/Circular relates to the proposals to be voted on at the Annual Meeting, the voting process, the compensation of our directors and certain of our executive officers, corporate governance matters, and certain other required information. Our Annual Report contains information about our business, our audited financial statements and other important information that we are required to disclose under the SEC’s rules.
What items of business will be voted on at the Annual Meeting?
At the Annual Meeting, you will be asked to vote on the following proposals:
(1)
Proposal No. 1: To elect eight director nominees named in this Proxy Statement/Circular, each to serve until the 2022 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders or until his qualified successor has been duly elected or appointed;
(2)
Proposal No. 2: To approve an amendment to the Arbutus Biopharma Corporation 2016 Omnibus Share and Incentive Plan, as supplemented and amended (the “2016 Plan”) to (a) increase the aggregate number of Common Shares authorized for issuance thereunder by 9,000,000 Common
 
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Shares and (b) increase the aggregate number of Common Shares that may be issued pursuant to incentive stock options granted thereunder by 9,000,000 Common Shares;
(3)
Proposal No. 3: To approve, on a non-binding advisory basis, the compensation of our named executed officers (“Say on Pay”);
(4)
Proposal No. 4: To approve, on a non-binding advisory basis, the frequency of future advisory votes on the compensation of our named executive officers (“Say on Frequency”); and
(5)
Proposal No. 5: To ratify the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP (“EY”) as our independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021.
See the “Proposals” section of this Proxy Statement/Circular for information on these proposals. We will also consider any other business that is properly brought before the Annual Meeting or any adjournments or postponements thereof. See “What happens if additional matters are presented at the Annual Meeting?” below.
How does the Board recommend that I vote?
Our Board recommends that each Common Shareholder vote their Common Shares as follows:
Board
Recommendation
Proposal No. 1:
The election of eight director nominees named in this Proxy Statement/Circular, each to serve until the 2022 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders or until his qualified successor has been duly elected or appointed.
FOR ALL
Proposal No. 2:
The approval of an amendment to the 2016 Plan to (a) increase the aggregate number of Common Shares authorized for issuance thereunder by 9,000,000 Common Shares and (b) increase the aggregate number of Common Shares that may be issued pursuant to incentive stock options granted thereunder by 9,000,000 Common Shares.
FOR
Proposal No. 3:
The approval, on a non-binding advisory basis, of the compensation of our named executive officers.
FOR
Proposal No. 4:
The approval, on a non-binding advisory basis, of the frequency of future advisory votes on the compensation of our named executive officers.
1 YEAR
Proposal No. 5:
The ratification of the appointment of EY as our independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021.
FOR
What happens if additional matters are presented at the Annual Meeting?
Other than the items of business described in this Proxy Statement/Circular, we are not aware of any other business to be acted upon at the Annual Meeting. If you grant a proxy, the person named as proxy holder, William H. Collier, or failing him, Elizabeth Howard, Ph.D., J.D., will have the discretion to vote your shares on any additional matters properly presented for a vote at the Annual Meeting or any adjournments or postponements thereof. Your proxy holder will have the authority to appoint a substitute to act as proxy. If, for any reason, any of the director nominees is not available as a candidate for director, the person named as proxy holder will vote your proxy for such other candidate or candidates as may be nominated by our Board.
How many votes do I have?
Only holders of Common Shares as of the close of business on the Record Date are entitled to receive notice of and vote on matters to be presented at the Annual Meeting, or any adjournment or postponement thereof, in the manner and subject to the procedures described in this Proxy Statement/Circular and the proxy card.
 
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At the close of business on the Record Date, 96,336,352 of our Common Shares were issued and outstanding. Each Common Shareholder is entitled to one vote per Common Share held on all matters to come before the Annual Meeting. Our preferred shares are non-voting. Common Shares are our only securities that will have voting rights at the Annual Meeting. Cumulative voting for directors is not permitted.
How do I vote?
The voting process is different depending on whether you are a registered or only a beneficial (i.e., non-registered) Shareholder:

You are a registered Shareholder if your Common Shares are registered in your name.

You are a beneficial Shareholder if your shares are held on your behalf by an Intermediary (as defined below). This means the shares are registered in your Intermediary’s name, rather than your own, and you are the beneficial owner.

“Intermediaries” refers to brokers, investment firms, clearing houses and similar entities that own securities on behalf of beneficial Shareholders.
How can I vote if I am a registered Shareholder?
If you are a registered Shareholder, you may vote at the Annual Meeting or by proxy whether or not you attend the Annual Meeting virtually.

To vote over the Internet, go to www.astvotemyproxy.com and follow the online voting instructions and refer to your control number provided on the Notice. Internet voting is available 24 hours a day.

To vote at the Annual Meeting, please go to https://web.lumiagm.com/172077602. As a registered Shareholder, then click “I have a control number” and then enter your control number and the password arbutus2021 (case sensitive). The control number located on the Notice is your control number. If you use your control number to log in to the Annual Meeting, any vote you cast at the Annual Meeting will revoke any proxy you previously submitted. If you do not wish revoke a previously submitted proxy, you should not vote during the Annual Meeting.

To vote by mail or email, you must request a paper copy of the proxy materials (which will include a proxy card) by following the instructions above; please promptly complete, sign and return your proxy card to our transfer agent to ensure that it is received prior to the closing of the polls at the Annual Meeting: AST Trust Company (Canada): PO Box 721, Agincourt, ON M1S 0A1 or scan your proxy card and send to proxyvote@astfinancial.com.

To vote by telephone, call 1-888-489-5760 (toll free in North America) and follow the instructions and refer to your control number provided on your Notice.

To vote by facsimile, fax your completed and signed proxy card to 1-866-781-3111 (toll free in North America) or 1-416-368-2502.
In each case, the vote must be submitted no later than 48 hours (excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays) prior to the time of the Annual Meeting, or adjournment thereof. The chair of the Annual Meeting may waive the proxy cut-off without notice. If the proxy is not dated, it will be deemed to be submitted seven calendar days after the date on which it was mailed to you.
How can I vote if I am a non-registered beneficial Shareholder?
If your Common Shares are listed in an account statement provided to you by an Intermediary, and are not held in your own name, then in almost all cases your Common Shares will not be registered in your name on our records. In such circumstances your Common Shares will likely be registered under the name of your Intermediary or an agent of your Intermediary, which means that you are a beneficial Shareholder. In the United States, the vast majority of our Common Shares are registered under the name of Cede & Co., as nominee for The Depository Trust Company (which acts as depositary for many U.S. brokerage firms and custodian banks), and in Canada, under the name of CDS & Co. (the registration name for CDS Clearing
 
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and Depository Services Inc., which acts as nominee for many Canadian brokerage firms). If you are a beneficial Shareholder, the Notice will be forwarded to you by your Intermediary.
Beneficial Shareholders should note that in order to vote at the Annual Meeting, you must request in writing that your Intermediary send you a legal proxy and control number which would enable you to attend the Annual Meeting and vote your Common Shares. Every Intermediary has its own mailing procedures and provides its own return instructions to clients.
There are two kinds of beneficial Shareholders — those who object to their names being made known to the issuers of securities which they own (called OBOs for Objecting Beneficial Owners), and those who do not object (called NOBOs for Non-Objecting Beneficial Owners).
We are taking advantage of National Instrument 54-101 — Communications with Beneficial Owners of Securities of a Reporting Issuer, which permits us to deliver proxy-related materials indirectly to our NOBOs and OBOs. As a result, if you are a NOBO or OBO, you can expect to receive Annual Meeting materials from your Intermediary via Broadridge Financial Solutions Inc. (“Broadridge”), including voting instructions. If you receive voting instructions, you should follow the instructions to ensure that your Common Shares are voted at the Annual Meeting. The voting instructions will name the same individuals as your proxy to represent you at the Annual Meeting. You have the right to appoint a person (who need not be one of our Shareholders) other than the individuals designated in the voting instructions, to represent you at the Annual Meeting. To exercise this right, you should provide the name of your desired representative in accordance with the voting instructions. Broadridge then tabulates the results of all instructions received and completed in accordance with the instructions provided in the voting instructions and provides appropriate instructions respecting the voting of Common Shares to be represented at the Annual Meeting. If you receive voting instructions from Broadridge, you cannot use them to vote Common Shares directly at the Annual Meeting — the voting instructions must be completed and returned in accordance therewith, and by the deadline prescribed in the instructions, in order to have your Common Shares voted.
Although as a beneficial Shareholder you may not be recognized directly at the Annual Meeting for the purposes of voting Common Shares registered in the name of your Intermediary, you, or a person designated by you, may attend the Annual Meeting as proxyholder for your Intermediary and vote your Common Shares in that capacity. Non-registered Shareholders who have not duly appointed themselves as proxyholders may attend the Annual Meeting as guests. Guests will be able to listen to the Annual Meeting online, but will not be able to vote or ask questions at the Annual Meeting. This is because our transfer agent, AST, does not have a record of our non-registered Shareholders and, as a result, will have no knowledge of your shareholdings or entitlement to vote, unless you appoint yourself as proxyholder. If you wish to attend the Annual Meeting and indirectly vote your Common Shares as proxyholder for your Intermediary, or to have a person designated by you do so, you should enter your own name, or the name of the person you wish to designate, in accordance with the voting instructions provided to you, well in advance of the Annual Meeting. To vote online, please go to https://web.lumiagm.com/172077602 and enter your control number provided by your Intermediary and the password arbutus2021 (case sensitive).
Guests, including non-registered beneficial Shareholders who have not duly appointed themselves as proxyholder, can listen to the Annual Meeting. Guests are not able to vote or ask questions at the Annual Meeting. Log in online at https://web.lumiagm.com/172077602, select “I am a guest,” and then complete the online registration form.
These proxy materials are being made available to both registered and beneficial Shareholders. If you are a beneficial Shareholder, and we or our agent have made available these materials to you, your name and address and information about your holdings of Common Shares have been obtained in accordance with applicable securities regulatory requirements from the Intermediary holding on your behalf.
Will I have the same participation rights if I participate in the Annual Meeting via virtual communication as I would have had if the Annual Meeting was being held in person?
Yes. If you were a registered Shareholder as of the Record Date, or hold a valid legal proxy from a registered Shareholder for attending or voting at the Annual Meeting, on the day of the Annual Meeting, please go to https://web.lumiagm.com/172077602. If you are a registered Shareholder, log in using your
 
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control number provided on your Notice and the password arbutus2021 (case sensitive). If you are a duly appointed proxyholder, AST will provide you with a control number after the proxy voting deadline has passed and the proxyholder has been duly appointed and registered.
If you are not a registered Shareholder but hold shares as a beneficial Shareholder, you must also provide proof of beneficial ownership as of the Record Date, such as your most recent account statement prior to the Record Date, a copy of the voting instruction card provided by your Intermediary, or other similar evidence of ownership. If you do not comply with these procedures, you will not be admitted to the virtual Annual Meeting as a Shareholder, which means you will not be able to vote at the Annual Meeting, but you will be able to listen to the webcast as a guest.
The Annual Meeting will begin promptly at 10:00 a.m. (Eastern Daylight Time). Log-in will begin at 9:30 a.m. (Eastern Daylight Time), and you should allow ample time for the log-in procedures. It is important that you remain connected to the internet for the duration of the Annual Meeting in order to vote when balloting commences. It is your responsibility to ensure that you remain connected.
You will be able to vote online during the Annual Meeting, change a vote you may have submitted previously, or ask questions online that will be reviewed and answered by the speakers. You will only be able to participate in this manner if you log in with your control number.
Can I submit a question for the Annual Meeting?
Shareholders who attend the Annual Meeting and log in as a Shareholder using their control number will have an opportunity to submit questions in writing during a portion of the Annual Meeting. Instructions for submitting a question during the Annual Meeting will be provided on the Annual Meeting website. We will endeavor to answer as many submitted questions as time permits; however, we reserve the right to exclude questions regarding topics that are not pertinent to Annual Meeting matters or company business or are inappropriate. If we receive substantially similar questions, we will group such questions together and provide a single response to avoid repetition. Any questions that are appropriate and pertinent to the Annual Meeting but cannot be answered during the Annual Meeting due to time constraints will be answered and posted on our Investor Relations website, www.investor.arbutusbio.com, as soon as practicable after the Annual Meeting.
What should I do if I need technical support during the Annual Meeting?
The Annual Meeting platform is fully supported across browsers and devices running the most updated version of applicable software and plugins. Attendees should ensure they have a strong internet connection, allow plenty of time to log in, and can hear streaming audio prior to the start of the Annual Meeting.
If you experience any technical difficulties accessing the Annual Meeting or during the Annual Meeting, please call the toll-free number that will be available on our virtual shareholder login site (at https://web.lumiagm.com/172077602) for assistance. We will have technicians ready to assist you with any technical difficulties you may have beginning 15 minutes prior to the start of the Annual Meeting, and the technicians will be available through the conclusion of the Annual Meeting. Additional information regarding matters addressing technical and logistical issues, including technical support during the Annual Meeting, will be available on the Annual Meeting website.
Can I change my vote or revoke my proxy?
Yes. In addition to revocation in any other manner permitted by law, if you are a registered Shareholder and you wish to revoke your proxy, you may do so by submitting a duly executed proxy bearing a later date in the manner and within the time described above under “How can I vote if I am a registered Shareholder?” (your latest voting instructions will be followed). If you are a beneficial Shareholder, you should contact your Intermediary to find out how to change or revoke your voting instructions within the time described above under “How can I vote if I am a non-registered beneficial Shareholder?”
Note that for both registered and beneficial Shareholders, attendance at the Annual Meeting will not cause your previously granted proxy or voting instructions to be revoked unless you specifically so request or vote at the Annual Meeting.
 
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Is my vote confidential?
Proxy instructions, ballots, and voting tabulations that identify individual Shareholders are handled in a manner that protects your voting privacy. Your vote will not be disclosed either within our organization or to third parties, except (1) as necessary to meet applicable legal requirements, (2) to allow for the tabulation of votes and certification of the vote, and (3) to facilitate a successful proxy solicitation.
What is a “broker non-vote”?
If you are a beneficial Shareholder of Common Shares held by an Intermediary and you do not provide your Intermediary with voting instructions, your shares may constitute “broker non-votes.” Broker non-votes occur on a matter when the Intermediary is not permitted under applicable stock exchange rules to vote on that matter without instructions from the beneficial Shareholder and instructions are not given. These matters are referred to as “non-routine” matters.
Proposal Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 are considered non-routine matters, while Proposal No. 5 to ratify the appointment of EY as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2021 is considered a “routine” matter. Therefore, if you are a beneficial Shareholder of Common Shares held in the name of an Intermediary and do not provide voting instructions, your shares will not be voted on Proposal Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 and a broker non-vote will occur on these matters. In tabulating the voting result for any particular proposal, Common Shares that constitute broker non-votes are not considered voting power present with respect to that proposal. Thus, broker non-votes will not affect the outcome of any matter being voted on at the Annual Meeting, assuming that a quorum is obtained. Because Proposal No. 5 is a “routine” matter, an Intermediary will be permitted to exercise its discretion on this proposal, which means there will be no broker non-votes on this matter.
How many shares must be present or represented to conduct business at the Annual Meeting?
To transact business at the Annual Meeting, a quorum of Common Shares must be present either in person (including via remote communication) or by proxy. Under our Articles, as amended, a quorum for the transaction of business at the Annual Meeting is at least two people who are, or who represent by proxy, one or more Shareholders who, in the aggregate, hold at least 33 1/3% of the issued Common Shares entitled to be voted at the Annual Meeting. Abstentions and broker non-votes will be counted as present for purposes of determining a quorum at the Annual Meeting. If a quorum is not present, the Annual Meeting will be adjourned until a quorum is obtained.
What vote is required in order to approve each proposal?

Proposal No. 1: Election of Directors.   Votes may be cast: FOR a particular nominee or WITHOLD with respect to a particular nominee. Under our majority voting policy, each director nominee must receive more “FOR” votes than “WITHHOLD” votes in order for their appointment to be immediately approved. In an uncontested election, any nominee who receives a greater number of “WITHHOLD” votes from his election than votes “FOR” such election is required to tender his or her resignation to our Board promptly following the vote. Our Board (excluding any director that has tendered a resignation) will consider the director’s offer to resign and decide whether or not to accept it within 90 days of receiving the final voting results of the Annual Meeting. Our majority voting policy is more fully described below under “Statement on Corporate Governance — Director Election and Majority Voting Policy.” Broker non-votes and abstentions will have no effect on the outcome of this proposal.

Proposal No. 2: Approval of an amendment to the 2016 Plan to (a) increase the aggregate number of Common Shares authorized for issuance thereunder by 9,000,000 Common Shares and (b) increase the aggregate number of Common Shares that may be issued pursuant to incentive stock options granted thereunder by 9,000,000 Common Shares.   Votes may be cast: FOR, WITHHOLD or ABSTAIN. The approval of this Proposal No. 2 requires a majority of the votes cast at the Annual Meeting. For purposes of determining the number of votes cast, only the Common Shares voting “FOR” or “WITHHOLD” are counted. As such, abstentions are not treated as votes cast and are not counted in the determination of the outcome of this Proposal No. 2. Abstentions will be counted for purposes
 
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of determining whether a quorum is present at the Annual Meeting. Broker non-votes will have no effect on the outcome of this proposal.

Proposal No. 3: Advisory vote to approve the compensation of our named executive officers.   Votes may be cast: FOR, WITHHOLD or ABSTAIN.   The approval of this Proposal No. 3 requires a majority of the votes cast at the Annual Meeting. For purposes of determining the number of votes cast, only the Common Shares voting “FOR” or “WITHHOLD” are counted. As such, abstentions are not treated as votes cast and are not counted in the determination of the outcome of this Proposal No. 3. Abstentions will be counted for purposes of determining whether a quorum is present at the Annual Meeting. Broker non-votes will have no effect on the outcome of this proposal. Although this is an advisory vote, our Board will consider the results of the advisory vote when considering future decisions related to such proposal.

Proposal No. 4: Advisory vote to approve the frequency of future advisory votes on the compensation of our named executive officers.   Votes may be cast: 1 YEAR, 2 YEARS, 3 YEARS or ABSTAIN. The approval of this Proposal No. 4 requires a majority of the votes cast at the Annual Meeting. However, because Shareholders have several voting choices with respect to this proposal, it is possible that no single choice will receive a majority vote. In light of the foregoing, our Board will consider the outcome of the vote when determining the frequency of future non-binding advisory votes on executive compensation. Abstentions will be counted for purposes of determining whether a quorum is present at the Annual Meeting. Broker non-votes will have no effect on the outcome of this proposal. Moreover, because this vote is non-binding, our Board has the discretion to determine the frequency of future advisory votes on executive compensation notwithstanding the results of the vote on this proposal.

Proposal No. 5: Ratification of the appointment of EY as our independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021.   Votes may be cast: FOR, WITHHOLD or ABSTAIN. The approval of this Proposal No. 5 requires a majority of the votes cast at the Annual Meeting. For purposes of determining the number of votes cast, only the Common Shares voting “FOR” or “WITHHOLD” are counted. As such, abstentions are not treated as votes cast and are not counted in the determination of the outcome of this Proposal No. 5. Abstentions will be counted for purposes of determining whether a quorum is present at the Annual Meeting. Broker non-votes will not occur in connection with this proposal because Intermediaries have discretionary voting authority to vote shares on the approval of independent registered public accounting firms under stock exchange rules without specific instructions from the beneficial Shareholders.
What is the effect if I do not cast my vote?
If a registered Shareholder does not cast its vote by proxy or in any other permitted fashion, no votes will be cast on its behalf on any of the items of business at the Annual Meeting. If a beneficial Shareholder does not instruct its Intermediary on how to vote on any of the items of business at the Annual Meeting, the Intermediary has discretionary authority to vote the beneficial Shareholder’s shares on Proposal No. 5, but the Intermediary does not have discretionary authority to vote the beneficial Shareholder’s shares on Proposal Nos. 1, 2, 3 or 4 or any non-routine item, so a “broker non-vote” will be recorded with respect to such proposals. Broker non-votes will not be treated as votes cast on any such matter and will not be counted as having been voted in respect of any such matter. Common Shares represented by such broker “non-votes” will, however, be counted in determining whether there is a quorum for the Annual Meeting. Thus, broker non-votes will not affect the outcome of any matter being voted on at the Annual Meeting, assuming that a quorum is obtained. Because Proposal No. 5 is a “routine” matter, an Intermediary will be permitted to exercise its discretion on this proposal, which means there will be no broker non-votes on this matter. If you have further questions on this issue, please contact your Intermediary or us (as provided below).
How will proxies be exercised?
The Common Shares represented by proxy will be voted or withheld from voting in accordance with your instructions. With respect to any amendments or variations in any of the Proposals, or any other matters which may properly come before the Annual Meeting, the Common Shares will be voted by a proxyholder in his or her sole discretion.
 
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Where you submit a proxy card but do not specify a vote on a Proposal shown in the Proxy Statement/Circular, a nominee of management acting as proxyholder will vote the Common Shares as if you had specified a vote “FOR” with respect to each of Proposal No. 1, 2, 3 and 5 and a vote for “1 YEAR” for Proposal No. 4.
What does it mean if I receive more than one Notice or proxy card?
This means that you own Common Shares that are registered under more than one account. For example, you may own some Common Shares directly as a registered Shareholder and other Common Shares as a beneficial Shareholder through an Intermediary, or you may own Common Shares through more than one such organization. You should provide voting instructions for all accounts referenced in order to vote all of the Common Shares you own.
How do I appoint a proxyholder?
The individuals named in the proxy card are our directors or officers. As a Shareholder you have the right to appoint a person, who need not be one of our Shareholders, to attend and act on your behalf at the Annual Meeting. This right may be exercised by inserting such other person’s name in the blank space provided on the proxy card we made available to you and striking out the names of persons designated by us (the “Arbutus Designees”) listed on the reverse side of the proxy card and by delivering the completed form of proxy to us as indicated therein. In addition, if you are appointing a proxyholder other than the Arbutus Designees, you must contact our transfer agent, AST Trust Company (Canada), at 1-866-751-6315 (toll-free within Canada and the U.S.) or 1-212-235-5754 (outside of Canada and the U.S.) by 10:00 a.m. (eastern time) on May 24, 2021, or, if the Annual Meeting is adjourned or postponed, not less than 48 hours (excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays) before the time and date of the convened or reconvened Annual Meeting, as applicable, and provide AST Trust Company (Canada) with the required information for your proxyholder so that AST Trust Company (Canada) may provide your proxyholder with a control number via email. This control number will allow your proxyholder to log in and vote at the Annual Meeting. Without a control number your proxyholder will only be able to log in to the Annual Meeting as a guest and will not be able to vote or submit questions at the Annual Meeting.
How will proxies be solicited and who will pay the cost of the proxy solicitation?
The solicitation of proxies will be primarily by mail, but our directors, officers and regular employees may also solicit proxies personally or by telephone. We will not pay our directors, officers or employees any additional compensation for these services. We will bear all costs of the solicitation, including all printing, handling and mailing of the Annual Meeting materials. We have arranged for Intermediaries to forward the Annual Meeting materials to beneficial Shareholders of our Common Shares held of record by those Intermediaries and we may reimburse the Intermediaries for their reasonable fees and disbursements in that regard.
Who will count the votes?
Votes will be counted by the scrutineer appointed for the Annual Meeting.
What if amendments are made to the Proposals or if other matters are brought before the Annual Meeting?
With respect to any amendments or variations in any of the Proposals shown in the Proxy Statement/Circular, or any other matters which may properly come before the Annual Meeting, the Common Shares will be voted by the appointed proxyholder as he or she in his or her sole discretion sees fit.
As of the date of this Proxy Statement/Circular, our Board is not aware of any such amendments, variations or other matters to come before the Annual Meeting. However, if any such changes that are not currently known to our Board should properly come before the Annual Meeting, the Common Shares represented by your proxyholders will be voted in accordance with the best judgment of the proxyholders.
How can I find out the results of the voting at the Annual Meeting?
Preliminary voting results will be announced at the Annual Meeting. Final voting results will be filed with the Canadian provincial securities regulatory authorities on SEDAR at www.sedar.com, and will also
 
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be published in a Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on EDGAR at www.sec.gov within four business days of the Annual Meeting.
How can I make a Shareholder proposal for the 2022 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders?
If you want to propose a matter for consideration at our 2022 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders, then that proposal must be received at our registered office at 25th Floor, Toronto Dominion Bank Tower, 700 West Georgia Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V7Y 1B3 (with a copy to our Secretary at 701 Veterans Circle, Warminster, Pennsylvania 18974, United States) and in compliance with the requirements set forth below.
In order for a Shareholder proposal to be eligible under the British Columbia Business Corporations Act (“BCBCA”), the proposal must be received at our registered office no later than February 26, 2022. In addition, it must be in writing, accompanied by the requisite declarations and signed by the submitter and qualified Shareholders who at the time of signing are the registered or beneficial owners of shares that, in the aggregate: (a) constitute at least 1% of our issued Common Shares that have the right to vote at general meetings; or (b) have a fair market value in excess of C$2,000. For the submitter or a qualified Shareholder to be eligible to sign the proposal, that Shareholder must have been the registered or beneficial Shareholder entitled to vote at our annual general meetings for an uninterrupted period of at least two years before the date the proposal is signed.
In order for a Shareholder proposal to be eligible under Rule 14a-8 of the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), such Shareholder must submit the proposal, along with proof of ownership of our Common Shares, no later than December 17, 2021. This date will change if the date of 2022 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders is 30 calendar days earlier or later than May 26, 2022.
A Shareholder wishing to nominate an individual to be a director, other than pursuant to a requisition of a meeting made pursuant to the BCBCA or a Shareholder proposal made pursuant to the BCBCA provisions described above, is required to comply with Section 13.9 of the Articles. Section 13.9 of the Articles provides, inter alia, that proper written notice of any such director nomination (the “Nomination Notice”) for an annual general meeting of Shareholders must be provided to our Secretary at 701 Veterans Circle, Warminster, Pennsylvania 18974, United States, not less than 30 nor more than 65 days prior to the date of the annual general meeting of Shareholders; provided, however, that in the event that the annual general meeting of Shareholders is to be held on a date that is less than 50 days after the date (the “Notice Date”) on which the first public announcement of the date of the annual general meeting was made, the Nomination Notice must be provided no later than the close of business on the tenth day following the Notice Date. The foregoing is merely a summary of provisions contained in Section 13.9 of the Articles, and is not comprehensive and is qualified by the full text of such provisions. The full text of such provisions is set out in Section 13.9 of the Articles, as amended, copies of which are filed as Exhibits 3.1 and 3.2 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, which can be found under our profile at www.sedar.com or www.sec.gov.
The proxies to be solicited by us through our Board for our 2022 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders will confer discretionary authority on the proxyholders to vote on any Shareholder proposal presented at that Meeting, unless we receive details of such Shareholder’s proposal not later than March 2, 2022, which is 45 days prior to the anniversary date of the mailing of notice of the Annual Meeting.
It is recommended that Shareholders submitting proposals utilize certified mail, return receipt requested in order to provide proof of timely receipt. The Chairman of the Annual Meeting reserves the right to reject, rule out of order or take other appropriate action with respect to any proposal that does not comply with these and other applicable requirements, including conditions set forth in our Articles and conditions established by the SEC.
 
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Whom should I contact if I have questions concerning the Proxy Statement/Circular or voting?
If you have questions concerning the information contained in this Proxy Statement/Circular, you may contact us by letter, phone, fax or through our website as follows:
Arbutus Biopharma Corporation
Attn: Gloria Pichii
701 Veterans Circle
Warminster, Pennsylvania 18974, United States
Phone: 267.469.0914
Fax: 267.282.0411
Website: http://www.arbutusbio.com/
If you have questions or need assistance with voting, please contact our transfer agent, AST Trust Company (Canada) at 1-800-387-0825 (in North America) or 416-682-3860 (outside of North America).
 
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PROPOSALS
PROPOSAL NO. 1 — ELECTION OF DIRECTORS
The size of our Board has been fixed at eight. The term of office of each of the current directors will end immediately before the election of directors at the Annual Meeting. Unless the director’s office is earlier vacated in accordance with the provisions of the BCBCA and our Articles, each director elected will hold office until immediately before the election of new directors at the next annual general meeting of our Shareholders and, if no director is then elected, until a qualified successor is duly elected or appointed.
Upon the recommendation of our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, our Board has nominated the following individuals to serve until the 2022 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders and until their respective successors are duly elected and qualified: Frank Torti, M.D., William H. Collier, Daniel Burgess, Richard C. Henriques, Keith Manchester, M.D., Eric Venker, M.D., Pharm.D., James Meyers and Andrew Cheng, M.D., Ph.D. Drs. Torti, Manchester and Venker were each nominated by Roivant Sciences Ltd. (“Roivant”) to serve on our Board pursuant to the Amended and Restated Governance Agreement, dated October 16, 2017, between us and Roivant (the “Governance Agreement”) and our Articles. Shareholders may also nominate individuals for election to our Board in accordance with our Articles and the BCBCA, as more fully described below under “Corporate Governance — Director Nominations.”
We are not aware that any of our nominees will be unable or unwilling to serve as one of our directors; however, should we become aware of such an occurrence before the election of directors takes place at the Annual Meeting, if the persons named in the accompanying proxy are appointed as proxyholders, it is intended that the discretionary power granted under such proxy will be used by the proxyholders to vote in their discretion for a substitute nominee or nominees.
Biographical information and the attributes, skills and experience of each nominee that led our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee and Board to determine that such nominee should serve as a director are discussed in the “Executive Officer and Directors” section of this Proxy Statement/Circular.
Vote Required and Recommendation of our Board
Under our Majority Voting Policy, each director nominee must receive more “FOR” votes than “WITHHOLD” votes in order for his appointment to be immediately approved. Our Majority Voting Policy is more fully described below under “Corporate Governance — Director Election and Majority Voting Policy.”
Unless directed otherwise by a Shareholder, or such authority is withheld, the individuals named in the accompanying proxy intend to vote the Common Shares for which either of them is appointed proxyholder “FOR” each director nominee whose name is set forth herein.
Our Board recommends that our Shareholders vote FOR the election of each of the director nominees.
 
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PROPOSAL NO. 2 — APPROVAL OF AMENDMENT TO THE 2016 PLAN
Background
Our Board believes that equity incentives are important tools in motivating the performance of our officers, employees and directors. We believe our success depends largely upon our ability to attract, retain and motivate the highly skilled talent and personnel we need and expect to make important contributions to our business. We accomplish this by providing our employees with meaningful equity ownership opportunities. The life sciences market is highly competitive, and our results are largely attributable to the talents, expertise, efforts and dedication of our employees. Our compensation program, including the granting of equity compensation, is a crucial way we not only attract and recruit new employees, but also how we retain our most experienced and skilled employees. We are often competing for highly-skilled talent with many companies that have evergreen provisions in their equity incentive plans, which provide for annual additions of new shares eligible for grant to current and prospective future employees. We do not have an evergreen provision in our equity plan that provides for an annual increase of new shares to grant and, as such, we are required to request Shareholders to approve a total share pool that will sustain our equity incentive program, and this request is intended to do so. We project this share request, if approved, will sustain our equity program for at least the next three years and this request should be viewed by Shareholders in that very important context.
Burn Rate
The following table provides detailed information regarding the activity related to our equity incentive plans and weighted average ordinary shares outstanding for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.
Fiscal Year
2020
Stock options granted
2,865,350
Weighted-average Common Shares outstanding
75,835,378
Annual equity burn rate for 2020
3.8%
Overhang
The following table provides certain additional information regarding our equity incentive plans as of the Record Date.
As of April 7, 2021
(Record Date)
Total shares subject to outstanding stock options
13,381,854
Weighted-average exercise price of stock options outstanding
$4.49
Weighted-average remaining term of stock options outstanding
7.2 years
Total shares available to grant
383,441
Total Common Shares outstanding
96,336,352
Simple dilution(1)
14.3%
Common shares issuable upon mandatory conversion of preferred shares
22,589,601
Dilution including conversion of mandatorily convertible preferred shares(2)
11.6%
(1)
Simple dilution is calculated by dividing the sum of the number of Common Shares subject to outstanding awards and the total number of Common Shares remaining available for grant by the total number of Common Shares outstanding.
(2)
In October 2017, we entered into a subscription agreement with Roivant for the sale of 1,164,000 series A participating convertible preferred shares (the “Preferred Shares”) for gross proceeds of $116.4 million. These Preferred Shares are non-voting and accrue an 8.75% per annum coupon in the form of additional Preferred Shares, compounded annually, until October 18, 2021, at which time all the
 
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Preferred Shares will be subject to mandatory conversion into our Common Shares (subject to limited exceptions in the event of certain fundamental corporate transactions relating to our capital structure or assets, which would permit earlier conversion at Roivant’s option). The conversion price is $7.13 per share, which will result in the Preferred Shares being converted into approximately 23 million Common Shares. Dilution including conversion of the Preferred Shares is calculated by dividing the number of shares subject to outstanding awards and the total number of shares remaining available for grant by the total number of Common Shares outstanding and the total number of Common Shares issuable upon the mandatory conversion of the Preferred Shares.
If the approval of the amendment to the 2016 Plan is approved pursuant to this Proposal No. 2, the issuance of the 9,000,000 additional Common Shares reserved under the 2016 Plan would dilute existing Shareholders by an additional 9.4% on a simple dilution basis and 7.6% on a dilution basis that includes the mandatory conversion of the Preferred Shares, based on the number of Common Shares outstanding as of the record date and Common Shares issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Shares.
We believe the above positioning is consistent with our peer group and demonstrates the reasonableness of this share request and that it should be supported to allow us to compete successfully and create value for Shareholders.
As of April 7, 2021, there were 96,336,352 Common Shares available for the grant of future equity awards under the 2016 Plan. Upon the recommendation of our Executive Compensation and Human Resources Committee (the “Compensation Committee”), our Board has approved, subject to Shareholder approval, an amendment to the 2016 Plan to (a) increase the aggregate number of Common Shares authorized for issuance under the 2016 Plan by 9,000,000 Common Shares and (b) increase the aggregate number of Common Shares that may be issued pursuant to incentive stock options granted thereunder by 9,000,000 Common Shares. Our Board believes that equity awards provide an important incentive for our employees, including our executive officers, other key employees and our directors, to remain with us, to motivate them to help achieve our corporate objectives and to align their interests with those of our Shareholders. Our Board voted to approve the amendment to the 2016 Plan to ensure that we have sufficient capacity under the 2016 Plan to continue to provide appropriate equity incentives.
On April 7, 2021, the closing price of our Common Shares on the Nasdaq Global Select Market was $3.24 per share.
Summary of the Material Terms of the 2016 Plan
The following summary describes the material terms of the 2016 Plan and provides a general description of the U.S. federal income tax consequences applicable to certain transactions involving awards under the 2016 Plan. The following description of certain features of the 2016 Plan is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of (x) Amendment No. 3 to the 2016 Plan and (y) the 2016 Plan, each of which are filed as Annex A to this Proxy Statement/Circular.
Administration
The 2016 Plan is administered by our Compensation Committee, or such other committee designated by our Board to administer the 2016 Plan, and comprised of members as specified under the 2016 Plan (the “2016 Plan Committee”). Our Board will fill vacancies on and from time to time may remove or add members to the 2016 Plan Committee, and the 2016 Plan Committee will be so constituted to permit awards granted under the 2016 Plan to be exempt from Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act.
Subject to the express provisions of the 2016 Plan, the 2016 Plan Committee has authority to administer and interpret the 2016 Plan, including the authority to determine who is eligible to participate in the 2016 Plan and to whom and when awards are granted under the 2016 Plan, to grant awards, to determine the number of Common Shares subject to awards and the exercise or purchase price of such shares under an award, to establish and verify the extent of satisfaction of any performance criteria applicable to awards, to prescribe and amend the terms of the agreements evidencing awards made under the 2016 Plan, and to make other determinations deemed necessary or advisable for the administration of the 2016 Plan. Also, subject to the requirements of applicable corporate laws, and any limitations under applicable stock exchange
 
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rules, the 2016 Plan Committee also has the power to delegate to officers the authority to grant and determine the terms and conditions of awards granted under the 2016 Plan. These delegated officers shall not be permitted to grant awards to any person subject to Rule 16b-3 under the Exchange Act.
Common Shares Available for Awards
If the proposed amendment to the 2016 Plan is approved by our Shareholders, then, subject to adjustment as provided for in the 2016 Plan, the aggregate number of Common Shares that will be reserved for issuance under the 2016 Plan will be 17,000,000. If any Common Shares covered by an award or to which an award relates are not purchased or are forfeited or are reacquired by us (including any awards that are settled in cash), or if an award otherwise terminates or is cancelled without delivery of any Common Shares, then the number of Common Shares counted against the aggregate number of Common Shares available under the 2016 Plan with respect to such award, to the extent of any such forfeiture, reacquisition by us, termination or cancellation, will again be available for granting awards under the 2016 Plan. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the following Common Shares will not again become available for issuance under the 2016 Plan: (w) any Common Shares which would have been issued upon any exercise of an option but for the fact that the exercise price was paid by a “net exercise” or any Common Shares tendered in payment of the exercise price of an option; (x) any Common Shares withheld by us or Common Shares tendered to satisfy any tax withholding obligation with respect to an award under the 2016 Plan; (y) Common Shares covered by a share-settled stock appreciation right (“SAR”) issued under the 2016 Plan that are not issued in connection with settlement in Common Shares upon exercise; or (z) Common Shares that are repurchased by us using option exercise proceeds.
Eligibility
Participants under the 2016 Plan are limited to employees, officers, non-employee directors, consultants, independent contractors or advisors providing services to us or our affiliates, or any such person to whom an offer of employment or engagement with us or any of our affiliates is extended.
In determining to whom awards will be granted and the nature of such each award, the 2016 Plan Committee may take into account the nature of the services rendered by the respective participant, their present and potential contributions to our success or such other factors as the 2016 Plan Committee, in its discretion, deems relevant.
As of April 7, 2021, we had approximately 76 employees and seven non-employee directors who would be eligible to participate in the 2016 Plan.
General Terms and Conditions of Awards
Nonqualified Stock Options
The 2016 Plan Committee may grant nonqualified stock options under the 2016 Plan which do not meet the requirements of Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), and which will be subject to the following terms and conditions. The option exercise price per share will be determined by the 2016 Plan Committee but will not be less than 100% of the “fair market value” of the Common Shares on the date of grant of such option, with limited exceptions. The term “fair market value” means either: (a) if the Common Shares are listed on any established stock exchange, the price of one Common Share at the close of the regular trading session of such market or exchange on such date, as reported by The Wall Street Journal or a comparable reporting service, or, if no sale of Common Shares shall have occurred on such date, on the next preceding date on which there was a sale of Common Shares; or (b) if the Common Shares are not so listed on any established stock exchange, the average of the closing “bid” and “asked” prices quoted by the OTC Bulletin Board, the National Quotation Bureau, or any comparable reporting service on such date or, if there are no quoted “bid” and “asked” prices on such date, on the next preceding date for which there are such quotes for a Common Share; or (c) if the Common Shares are not publicly traded as of such date, the per share value of a Common Share, as determined by our Board, or any duly authorized committee of our Board, in its sole discretion, by applying principles of valuation with respect thereto.
 
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The exercise price of an option may be paid through various means specified by the 2016 Plan Committee, including in cash, Common Shares (actually or by attestation), other securities, other awards or other property, or any combination thereof. With limited exceptions (legal prohibition on exercise, black-out periods and lock-up agreements) for which a thirty day extension is provided, every option which has not been exercised within ten years of its date of grant will lapse upon the expiration of the ten-year period, unless it has lapsed at an earlier date as determined by the 2016 Plan Committee.
Incentive Stock Options
The 2016 Plan Committee may grant incentive stock options under the 2016 Plan that meet the requirements of Section 422 of the Code. The current aggregate number of Common Shares that may be issued under all incentive stock options under the 2016 Plan is 8,000,000 Common Shares. If the proposed amendment to the 2016 Plan is approved by our Shareholders, then the aggregate number of Common Shares that may be issued under all incentive stock options under the 2016 Plan will be 17,000,000 Common Shares. Under the 2016 Plan, the aggregate fair market value, determined at the time the option is granted, of the Common Shares with respect to which incentive stock options are exercisable for the first time by any participant during any calendar year (under the plan and any of our other incentive stock option plans) may not exceed $100,000, or any other limit as may be prescribed by the Code from time to time. The option exercise price per share will be determined by the 2016 Plan Committee but will not be less than 100% of the “fair market value” of the Common Shares on the date of grant of such option. In the case of a grant of an incentive stock option to a participant who, at the time such option is granted, owns stock possessing more than 10% of the combined voting power of all classes of our stock, the option exercise price per share under such option will not be less than 110% of the “fair market value” of the Common Shares on the date of grant of such option and such option will expire and no longer be exercisable no later than five years from the date of grant of such option.
SARs
The 2016 Plan Committee may grant SARs under the 2016 Plan. Subject to the express provisions of the 2016 Plan and as discussed in this paragraph, the 2016 Plan Committee has discretion to determine the grant value, term, methods of exercise, dates of exercise, methods of settlement and any other terms and conditions of any SAR. The grant value of each SAR granted under the 2016 Plan will be determined by the 2016 Plan Committee and will be equal to or greater than the closing market price of a Common Share on the date of grant of the SAR, provided, however, that if the SAR being granted is in substitution for a SAR previously granted by an entity that is acquired by or merged with us, the grant value of such SAR may be lower than the closing market price of a Common Share on the date of grant of the SAR. Every SAR which has not been exercised within ten years of its date of grant will lapse upon the expiration of such ten-year period, unless it has lapsed at an earlier date as determined by the 2016 Plan Committee.
Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Units
The 2016 Plan Committee may grant restricted stock or restricted stock units under the 2016 Plan. Restricted stock and restricted stock units will be subject to such restrictions as the 2016 Plan Committee may impose (including, without limitation, any limitation on the right to vote a share of restricted stock or the right to receive any dividend or other right or property with respect thereto), which restrictions may lapse separately or in combination at such time or times, in such installments or otherwise as the 2016 Plan Committee may deem appropriate.
Any restricted stock granted under the 2016 Plan shall be issued at the time such awards are granted and may be evidenced in such manner as the 2016 Plan Committee may deem appropriate. In the case of restricted stock units, no Common Shares shall be issued at the time such awards are granted. Upon the lapse or waiver of restrictions and the restricted period relating to restricted stock units evidencing the right to receive Common Shares, such Common Shares shall be issued and delivered to the holder of the restricted stock units.
Except as otherwise determined by the 2016 Plan Committee, if a director resigns or is removed or if the employment of an employee holding restricted stock or restricted stock units terminates during the applicable restricted period, the restricted stock and/or restricted stock units held by such director or employee will be forfeited and reacquired by us.
 
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Dividend Equivalents
The holder of a dividend equivalent will be entitled to receive payments (in cash, shares, other securities or other property) equivalent to the amount of cash dividends paid by us to our Shareholders, with respect to the number of shares determined by the 2016 Plan Committee. Dividend equivalents will be subject to other terms and conditions determined by the 2016 Plan Committee, but the 2016 Plan Committee may not (i) grant dividend equivalents in connection with options SARs or other awards the value of which is based solely on an increase in the value of the Common Shares after the date of grant of such award and (ii) pay a dividend equivalent with respect to an award prior to the date on which all condition or restrictions on such award have been satisfied, waived or lapsed. In no event will any dividends or dividend equivalents be paid with respect to an award until the award has vested.
Performance Awards
The 2016 Plan Committee may grant performance awards under the 2016 Plan. Each performance award will confer upon the participant the opportunity to earn future payments tied to the achievement of one or more performance criteria during such performance periods as the 2016 Plan Committee shall establish; provided, however, that to the extent a performance goal is based on share price, the minimum threshold share price must be at least $20.00 per Common Share.
The 2016 Plan authorizes the grant of performance awards pursuant to which a participant may become entitled to receive an amount payable in cash, stock, other securities, other awards, other property or a combination thereof on satisfaction of such performance criteria as are specified by the 2016 Plan Committee. Subject to the express provisions of the 2016 Plan and as discussed in this paragraph, the 2016 Plan Committee has discretion to determine the terms of any performance awards, including the performance goals to be achieved during any performance period, the length of any performance period, the amount of any performance award granted, the amount of any payment or transfer to be made pursuant to any performance award and such further terms and conditions, in each case not inconsistent with the 2016 Plan, as the 2016 Plan Committee may determine from time to time.
Transferability
Except as otherwise may be provided by the 2016 Plan Committee in its discretion, and subject to such additional terms and conditions as it determines, no award (other than fully vested and unrestricted Common Shares issued pursuant to any award) and no right under any such award shall be transferable by a participant other than by will or by the laws of descent and distribution, and no award (other than fully vested and unrestricted Common Shares issued pursuant to any award) or right under any such award may be pledged, alienated, attached or otherwise encumbered, and any purported pledge, alienation, attachment or encumbrance thereof shall be void and unenforceable against us or any of our affiliates.
Change in Control Provisions
Upon a Change in Control (as defined in the 2016 Plan), except as otherwise provided in an applicable award agreement or in another written agreement with a participant, the parties to the Change in Control may agree that awards will be assumed, continued or substituted for by the successor entity, with appropriate adjustments as to the number and kind of shares and prices subject to the award. Except as otherwise provided in an applicable award agreement or in another written agreement with a participant, if, within 12 months following a Change in Control in which a participant’s awards are assumed, continued or substituted for by the successor entity, the participant’s status as a service provider is terminated without Cause (as defined in the 2016 Plan) by us or one of our affiliates (or a successor company of us or such affiliate), then all of the participant’s outstanding awards will become fully vested and exercisable as of the moment immediately prior to such termination.
In the event awards are not assumed, continued or substituted for by the successor entity in a Change in Control, upon the Change in Control, the 2016 Plan and all awards will terminate. In the event of such termination, except as otherwise may be provided in an applicable award agreement or in another written agreement with a participant, all options and SARs with time-based vesting conditions or restrictions will become fully exercisable as of the effective time of the Change in Control, all other awards with time-based
 
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vesting conditions or restrictions will become fully vested and nonforfeitable as of the effective time of the Change in Control, and all awards with conditions and restrictions relating to the attainment of performance goals will be deemed to vest and become nonforfeitable as of the effective time of the Change in Control assuming the higher of (i) achievement of all relevant performance goals at the “target” level (prorated based upon the length of time within the performance period that elapsed prior to the Change in Control) or (ii) actual achievement as of a date reasonably proximal to the date of the consummation of the Change in Control. For purposes of clause (ii) of the preceding sentence, if, based on the discretion of the Committee or the Board, actual achievement is not determinable, the relevant performance goals will be deemed to have been achieved at the “target” level (prorated based upon the length of time within the performance period that elapsed prior to the Change in Control). In addition, in the event of such termination, the Committee or the Board will have the option, in its sole discretion, (a) to make or provide for a payment, in cash or in kind, to participants holding options and SARs equal to the difference between the per share consideration paid in the Change in Control transaction and the exercise price or grant price, as applicable, of the options or SARs and/or (b) to provide that each participant will be permitted, within a specified period of time prior to the Change in Control, to exercise all outstanding options and SARs, to the extent then exercisable. For purposes of clause (a) of the preceding sentence, if the exercise price or grant price, as applicable, of any option or SAR is equal to or greater than the per share consideration paid in the Change in Control transaction, the Committee or the Board may, in its sole discretion, cancel the option or SAR without the payment of consideration for the cancellation of the award. The Committee or the Board will also have the option, in its sole discretion, to make or provide for a payment, in cash or in kind, to holders of other awards in an amount equal to the per share consideration paid in the Change in Control transaction multiplied by the number of vested shares subject to the award.
Amendment and Termination
No awards may be granted pursuant to the 2016 Plan after the ten-year anniversary of the effective date of the 2016 Plan. Except to the extent Shareholder approval or participant consent is required as provided by the 2016 Plan, our Board may amend, modify or terminate the plan.
The 2016 Plan Committee may amend, modify or terminate an outstanding award, provided, however, that, except as expressly provided in the 2016 Plan, the 2016 Plan Committee may not, without the participant’s written consent, amend, modify or terminate an outstanding award that materially and adversely alters or impairs the terms or conditions of an award previously granted to a participant. Without limiting the foregoing, the 2016 Plan provides that our Board may amend, suspend, terminate or discontinue the Plan, and the 2016 Plan Committee may amend or alter any previously granted award, as applicable, without obtaining the approval of our Shareholders in order to:

amend the eligibility for, and limitations or conditions imposed upon, participation in the 2016 Plan;

amend any terms relating to the granting or exercise of awards, including but not limited to terms relating to the amount and payment of the exercise price, or the vesting, expiry, assignment or adjustment of awards, or otherwise waive any of our conditions or rights under any outstanding award, prospectively or retroactively;

make changes that are necessary or desirable to comply with applicable laws, rules, regulations and policies of any applicable governmental entity or stock exchange (including amendments to awards necessary or desirable to avoid any adverse tax results under Code Section 409A), and no action taken to comply shall be deemed to impair or otherwise adversely alter or impair the rights of any holder of an award or beneficiary thereof; or

amend any terms relating to the administration of the 2016 Plan, including the terms of any administrative guidelines or other rules related to the 2016 Plan.
Under the 2016 Plan, prior approval of our Shareholders are required for any amendment to the 2016 Plan or an award thereunder that would:

require Shareholder approval under the rules or regulations of the SEC, the Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (“Nasdaq”) or any other securities exchange that are applicable to us;
 
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increase the number of Common Shares authorized under the 2016 Plan as specified under the 2016 Plan;

increase the number of Common Shares or value subject to the limitations contained in the 2016 Plan;

permit repricing of options or SARs, which is prohibited by the 2016 Plan;

permit the award of options or SARs at a price less than 100% of the fair market value of a Common Share on the date of grant of such option or SAR, contrary to the provisions of the 2016 Plan; or

increase the maximum term permitted for options or SARs as specified under the 2016 Plan
Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences
The following is a summary of the principal U.S. federal income tax consequences generally applicable to awards made under the 2016 Plan. The summary does not contain a complete analysis of all the potential tax consequences relating to awards granted under the 2016 Plan, including state, local or foreign tax consequences. This summary is intended for the information of our Shareholders considering how to vote at the Annual Meeting and not as tax guidance to participants in the 2016 Plan. This summary is not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, for the purposes of avoiding taxpayer penalties. Tax consequences are subject to change, and a taxpayer’s particular situation may be such that some variation in application of the described rules is applicable. Accordingly, participants are advised to consult their own tax advisors with respect to the tax consequences of participating in the 2016 Plan.
Nonqualified Stock Options
A participant will not be deemed to have received taxable income upon the grant of a nonqualified stock option. Upon the exercise of a nonqualified stock option, a participant generally will be deemed to have received taxable ordinary income in an amount equal to the excess of the fair market value of the Common Shares received on the date of exercise over the option price.
Upon the exercise of a nonqualified stock option, we will ordinarily be entitled to a deduction for federal income tax purposes in an amount equal to the amount included in income by the participant as a result of such exercise, subject to the limitations of Section 162(m) of the Code and our compliance with applicable reporting requirements. This deduction will be available to us in the tax year in which the participant recognizes the income.
The income arising from a participant who is an employee exercising a nonqualified stock option will be treated as compensation income for income and payroll tax withholding purposes, and the 2016 Plan Committee may allow the participant to satisfy the tax withholding obligation by withholding a portion of the shares that would otherwise be delivered upon exercise. The basis of shares received upon the exercise of a nonqualified stock option will be the option exercise price paid plus the amount recognized by the participant as taxable income attributable to such shares as a result of the exercise. Gain or loss recognized by the participant on a subsequent disposition of any such shares will be capital gain or loss if such shares constitute a capital asset in the hands of the participant. A participant’s holding period will commence on the date of exercise.
Incentive Stock Options
Participants will not be deemed to recognize taxable income upon the grant or exercise of an incentive stock option. If a participant makes no disqualifying disposition of the Common Shares received upon exercise within the one year period beginning after the transfer of such Common Shares to the participant nor within two years from the date of grant of the incentive stock option, and if the participant at all times from the date of the grant of the incentive stock option to a date three months before the date of exercise has been an employee of ours, any gain recognized on the disposition of the Common Shares acquired upon exercise will be long-term capital gain. The difference between the fair market value of the Common Shares at the time of exercise and the exercise price will, however, be an item of tax preference, and may
 
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subject a participant to the alternative minimum tax. We will not be entitled to any deduction with respect to the grant or exercise of the incentive stock option or the transfer of Common Shares acquired upon exercise.
If the participant makes a disqualifying disposition of the Common Shares before the expiration of the one or two year holding periods described above, the participant will be deemed to have received taxable ordinary income at the time of such disposition to the extent that the fair market value of the Common Shares at the time of exercise, or, if less, the amount realized on such disposition, exceeds the exercise price. To the extent that the amount realized on such disposition exceeds the fair market value of the Common Shares at the time of exercise, such excess will be taxed as capital gain if the Common Shares is otherwise a capital asset in the hands of the participant. To the extent the participant recognizes ordinary income on a disqualifying disposition of the Common Shares, we may be entitled to a deduction for federal income tax purposes in an amount equal to the ordinary income recognized by the participant, subject to the limitations of Section 162(m) of the Code and our compliance with applicable reporting requirements.
SARs
A participant will not be deemed to have received taxable income upon the grant or vesting of a SAR. Upon the exercise of a SAR, a participant generally will be deemed to have received income, taxable for federal income tax purposes at ordinary income rates, equal to the fair market value at the time of exercise of any Common Shares received plus the amount of any cash received, and we will ordinarily be entitled to a deduction for federal income tax purposes equal to the amount of ordinary income recognized by the participant as a result of such exercise, subject to the limitations of Section 162(m) of the Code and our compliance with applicable reporting requirements.
The income arising from a participant who is an employee exercising a SAR will be treated as compensation income for withholding tax purposes and the 2016 Plan Committee may allow the participant to satisfy the tax withholding obligation by withholding a portion of the shares that would otherwise be delivered upon exercise. The basis of shares received upon the exercise of a SAR will equal the fair market value of the shares at the time of exercise. Gain or loss recognized by the participant on a subsequent disposition of any such shares will be capital gain or loss if such shares constitute a capital asset in the hands of the participant.
Restricted Stock
The federal income tax consequences of the issuance of restricted stock will depend upon whether the participant elects to be taxed at the time of grant of the restricted stock under Section 83(b) of the Code. If no election is made, the participant will not be deemed to have received taxable income upon the grant of restricted stock, but rather recognition of income will be postponed until such time as the restrictions on the shares of restricted stock lapse. At that time, the participant will be deemed to have received taxable ordinary income in an amount equal to the fair market value of the restricted stock when the restrictions lapse. If a Section 83(b) election is made, the participant will be deemed to have received taxable ordinary income at the time of the grant of the restricted stock equal to the fair market value of the shares of restricted stock at that time determined without regard to any of the restrictions on the shares, and the participant will not recognize ordinary income on the lapse of the restrictions.
We will ordinarily be entitled to a deduction for federal income tax purposes in the taxable year in which the participant recognizes any ordinary income as a result of the lapse of restrictions on the restricted stock or as a result of a Section 83(b) election, subject to the limitations of Section 162(m) of the Code and our compliance with applicable reporting requirements. The amount of the deduction will equal the amount of ordinary income recognized by the participant. In the case of employees, such income will be treated as compensation income for income and payroll tax withholding purposes, and the 2016 Plan Committee may allow the participant to satisfy the tax withholding obligation by withholding a portion of the shares whose restrictions have lapsed. The basis of any shares received will equal the amount recognized by the participant as taxable income attributable to such shares as a result of the lapse of restrictions on the restricted stock or as a result of a Section 83(b) election. Gain or loss recognized by the participant on a subsequent disposition of any such shares will be capital gain or loss if such shares constitute a capital asset in the hands of the participant. For purposes of determining the holding period of any such
 
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shares, there will be included only the period beginning at the time the restrictions lapse or, if a Section 83(b) election is made, at the time of grant.
Restricted Stock Units
A participant will not be deemed to have received taxable income upon the grant of restricted stock units. The participant will be deemed to have received taxable ordinary income at such time as shares are distributed to the participant. Upon the distribution of shares to a participant with respect to restricted stock units, we will ordinarily be entitled to a deduction for federal income tax purposes in an amount equal to the taxable ordinary income recognized by the participant, subject to the limitations of Section 162(m) of the Code and our compliance with applicable reporting requirements. In the case of employees, such income will be treated as compensation income for income and payroll tax withholding purposes, and the 2016 Plan Committee may allow the participant to satisfy the tax withholding obligation by withholding a portion of the shares that would otherwise be delivered. The basis of the shares of Common Shares received will equal the amount of taxable ordinary income recognized by the participant upon receipt of such shares. Gain or loss recognized by the participant on a subsequent disposition of any such shares will be capital gain or loss if such shares constitute a capital asset in the hands of the participant. A participant’s holding period will commence on the date the shares are distributed to the participant.
Section 409A of the Code
The 2016 Plan Committee intends to administer and interpret the 2016 Plan and all award agreements in a manner designed to satisfy the requirements of Section 409A of the Code and to avoid any adverse tax results thereunder to a holder of an award.
Clawback or Recoupment
All awards under the 2016 Plan will be subject to any applicable law, rule or regulation or applicable stock exchange rule, including, without limitation, Section 304 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, Section 954 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and any applicable stock exchange listing rule adopted pursuant thereto. Awards may be granted with additional clawback or recoupment conditions or provisions as may be determined by the 2016 Plan Committee.
New Plan Benefits
The issuance of any awards under the 2016 Plan will be at the discretion of the 2016 Plan Committee. In addition, the benefit of any awards granted under the 2016 Plan will depend on a number of factors, including the fair market value of our common shares on future dates, among other things. Therefore, it is not possible to determine the amount or form of any award that will be granted to any individual in the future.
Proposed Amendment to 2016 Plan
Our Board has approved, and recommends for adoption by our Shareholders, an amendment to the 2016 Plan to (a) increase the aggregate number of Common Shares reserved for issuance under the 2016 Plan from 8,000,000 Common Shares to 17,000,000 Common Shares and (b) increase the aggregate number of Common Shares that may be issued pursuant to incentive stock options granted thereunder from 8,000,000 Common Shares to 17,000,000 Common Shares.
The effectiveness of the proposed amendment to our 2016 Plan is contingent upon Shareholder approval. If our Shareholders do not approve the amendment, the existing version of our 2016 Plan will remain in effect, unchanged.
Vote Required and Recommendation of our Board
The approval of this Proposal No. 2 requires a majority of the votes cast at the Annual Meeting. For purposes of determining the number of votes cast, only the Common Shares voting “FOR” or “WITHHOLD” will be counted.
 
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Our Board recommends that our Shareholders vote FOR Proposal No. 2 to approve the amendment to the 2016 Plan to (a) increase the aggregate number of Common Shares reserved for issuance under the 2016 Plan by 9,000,000 Common Shares and (b) increase the aggregate number of Common Shares that may be issued pursuant to incentive stock options granted thereunder by 9,000,000 Common Shares.
 
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PROPOSAL NO. 3 — ADVISORY VOTE TO APPROVE THE COMPENSATION OF THE COMPANY’S NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
Pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 and Section 14A of the Exchange Act, we are conducting an advisory vote on the compensation paid to our named executive officers. This proposal, commonly known as “say-on-pay,” gives our Shareholders the opportunity to express their views on our named executive officers’ compensation. The vote is advisory, and, therefore, it is not binding on our Board, our Compensation Committee, or us. Nevertheless, our Compensation Committee will take into account the outcome of the vote when considering future executive compensation decisions. As a result of our last “say-on-frequency” vote, we currently hold this advisory “say-on-pay” vote every three years. In the future, we intend to conduct this advisory “say-on-pay” vote annually, subject to the outcome of the advisory vote on the frequency of future advisory votes on named executive officer compensation, as discussed in Proposal No. 4.
Our executive compensation program is designed to attract, motivate and retain our named executive officers, each of whom is critical to our success. Our Board believes that our executive compensation program is well tailored to retain and motivate key executives while recognizing the need to align our executive compensation program with the interests of our Shareholders and our “pay-for-performance” philosophy. Our Compensation Committee continually reviews the compensation programs for our named executive officers to ensure they achieve the desired goals of aligning our executive compensation structure with our Shareholders’ interests and current market practices.
We encourage our Shareholders to read the “Summary Compensation Table” and other related compensation tables and narrative disclosures in the “Executive Compensation” section of this Proxy Statement/Circular, which describe the 2020 compensation of our named executive officers.
We are asking our Shareholders to approve, on an advisory basis, the compensation of our named executive officers as disclosed in this Proxy Statement/Circular pursuant to Item 402 of Regulation S-K, including the compensation tables and the narrative disclosures that accompany the compensation tables.
Vote Required and Recommendation of our Board
The approval of this Proposal No. 3 requires a majority of the votes cast at the Annual Meeting. For purposes of determining the number of votes cast, only the Common Shares voting “FOR” or “WITHHOLD” will be counted. Because this is an advisory vote, there is no minimum approval necessary; however, our Board will consider the results of this advisory vote when considering future decisions related to such proposal.
Our Board recommends that our Shareholders vote FOR Proposal No. 3 to approve the compensation of the Company’s named executive officers.
 
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PROPOSAL NO. 4 — ADVISORY VOTE TO APPROVE THE FREQUENCY OF FUTURE ADVISORY VOTES TO APPROVE THE COMPENSATION OF THE COMPANY’S NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
In Proposal No. 3, we are providing our Shareholders the opportunity to vote to approve, on an advisory, non-binding basis, the compensation of our named executive officers. In this Proposal No. 4, we are asking our Shareholders to cast a non-binding advisory vote regarding the frequency of future executive compensation advisory votes. Shareholders may vote for a frequency of every one, two, or three years, or may abstain.
Our Board will take into consideration the outcome of this vote in making a determination about the frequency of future executive compensation advisory votes. However, because this vote is advisory and non-binding, our Board may decide that it is in the best interests of our Shareholders and the Company to hold the advisory vote to approve executive compensation more or less frequently.
In the future, we will propose an advisory vote on the frequency of the executive compensation advisory vote at least once every six calendar years.
After careful consideration, our Board believes that the executive compensation advisory vote should be held annually, and therefore our Board unanimously recommends that you vote for a frequency of 1 YEAR for future executive compensation advisory votes. Our Board believes that an annual executive compensation advisory vote will facilitate more direct Shareholder input about executive compensation. An annual executive compensation advisory vote is consistent with our policy of reviewing our compensation program annually, as well as seeking frequent input from our Shareholders on corporate governance and executive compensation matters.
Vote Required and Recommendation of our Board
The approval of this Proposal No. 4 requires a majority of the votes cast at the Annual Meeting. However, because Shareholders have several voting choices with respect to this proposal, it is possible that no single choice will receive a majority vote. In light of the foregoing, our Board will consider the outcome of the vote when determining the frequency of future non-binding advisory votes on executive compensation. Abstentions will be counted for purposes of determining whether a quorum is present at the Annual Meeting. Broker non-votes will have no effect on the outcome of this proposal. Moreover, because this vote is non-binding, our Board has the discretion to determine the frequency of future advisory votes on executive compensation notwithstanding the results of the vote on this proposal.
Our Board unanimously recommends that our Shareholders vote for “1 YEAR” as the preferred frequency of future advisory votes on the compensation of our named executive officers.
 
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PROPOSAL NO. 5 — RATIFICATION OF APPOINTMENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
The Audit Committee has reappointed, subject to Shareholder ratification, EY to serve as our independent registered public accounting firm and to audit our financial statements for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021. Management requests that our Shareholders ratify the appointment of EY. If the appointment of EY is not ratified by the Shareholders, EY shall continue to serve as our independent registered public accounting firm until a successor is appointed.
EY was our independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. EY is expected to have a representative attend the Annual Meeting to be available to respond to appropriate questions and to make a statement if he or she desires.
Information regarding the fees paid to our independent registered public accounting firms in 2020 and 2019 and our pre-approval policies relating to such fees is discussed in the “Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm” section of this Proxy Statement/Circular.
Vote Required and Recommendation of our Board
The approval of this Proposal No. 5 requires a majority of the votes cast at the Annual Meeting. For purposes of determining the number of votes cast, only the Common Shares voting “FOR” or “WITHHOLD” will be counted.
Our Board recommends that our Shareholders vote FOR the ratification of the appointment of EY as our independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021.
OTHER BUSINESS
If any other matters are properly presented for consideration at the Annual Meeting, including, among other things, consideration of a motion to adjourn the Annual Meeting to another time or place in order to solicit additional proxies in favor of the recommendation of our Board, the designated proxyholders intend to vote the shares represented by the proxies appointing them on such matters in accordance with the recommendation of our Board, and the authority to do so is included in the proxy.
As of the date of this Proxy Statement/Circular, our Board knows of no other matters which are likely to come before the Annual Meeting.
 
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EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS
Our executive officers and directors and their ages as of April 7, 2021, are as follows:
Name
Age
Position(s)
William H. Collier*
61
President and Chief Executive Officer, and Director
David C. Hastings
59
Chief Financial Officer
Elizabeth Howard, Ph.D., J.D.
67
Executive Vice President, General Counsel, Chief Compliance Officer and Secretary
Michael J. Sofia, Ph.D.
63
Chief Scientific Officer
Gaston Picchio, Ph.D.
58
Chief Development Officer
Michael J. McElhaugh
47
Chief Business Officer
Frank Torti, M.D.*†
42
Chairman of our Board
Daniel Burgess*+^
59
Director
Richard C. Henriques*+†
65
Director
Keith Manchester, M.D.*^
52
Director
Eric Venker, M.D., Pharm.D.*
34
Director
James Meyers*+^
56
Director
Andrew Cheng, M.D., Ph.D.*†
54
Director
*
Nominee for election to our Board
+
Member of the Audit Committee
^
Member of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee

Member of the Executive Compensation and Human Resources Committee
The following are brief biographies of nominees for the position of director:
Frank Torti, M.D., Chairman.   Dr. Torti has served as Chairman of our Board since November 2018. Dr. Torti has served as the Vant Chair of Roivant Sciences, Inc. (“RSI”) since January 2020. In this capacity he serves as Chair of the board of directors of the biopharmaceutical companies in the Roivant family and is responsible for the operations and management of those companies. Dr. Torti previously served as RSI’s Vant Investment Chair from August 2018 to December 2019. Prior to joining RSI, from August 2007 to August 2018, Dr. Torti served as a Partner of New Enterprise Associates (“NEA”), specializing in investments in healthcare. In addition to serving on our Board, Dr. Torti currently serves on the boards of directors of Sio Gene Therapies, Inc. (Nasdaq: SIOX), Immunovant, Inc. (Nasdaq: IMVT), and several other private biopharmaceutical companies, including Genevant Sciences Ltd. (“Genevant”), a privately held biotechnology company, where he is the chairman of Genevant’s board of directors. Dr. Torti has also previously served on the boards of directors of several development and commercial stage healthcare companies, including Myovant Sciences Ltd. (NYSE: MYOV), Urovant Sciences Ltd. (Nasdaq: UROV), Annexon Biosciences, Inc., Eargo Inc., Galera Therapeutics, Inc. (Nasdaq: GRTX), NeoTract, Inc., Novast Pharmaceuticals Ltd., OrphoMed, Inc., Tarveda Therapeutics, Inc. and XOC Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Dr. Torti earned an M.D. from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, an M.B.A. with distinction from Harvard Business School and a B.A. with highest honors from the University of North Carolina. Our Board believes Dr. Torti’s experience in the biopharmaceutical and healthcare industry, which allows him to contribute valuable input to our Board on our strategic and business affairs, qualifies him to serve on our Board.
William H. Collier, President and Chief Executive Officer and Director.   Mr. Collier has served as our President, Chief Executive Officer and Director since June 2019. Mr. Collier previously served as President of ViiV Healthcare Limited (“ViiV”) North America, a pharmaceutical company specializing in the development of therapies for HIV infection, from 2009 to 2018, where he was responsible for ViiV’s business operations in the United States, Puerto Rico and Canada. During his time at ViiV, Mr. Collier oversaw the launches of two treatments for HIV infection and created a community partnership that supports HIV
 
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programs for underserved populations in the southern United States. Mr. Collier also led a senior-level program to accelerate access to appropriate HIV medicines for children in developing countries. Prior to ViiV, Mr. Collier held several senior commercial roles for GlaxoSmithKline in the United States, including Senior Vice President for Sales and Senior Vice President for Marketing Analytics and Commercial Operations, covering central nervous system, anti-infective, cardio-vascular, diabetes, men’s health and respiratory therapy areas. During this time, Mr. Collier also led global strategic projects focused on new product launch excellence in Japan and cost reduction initiatives in central support functions. In the late 1990’s, Mr. Collier was Area Director for GlaxoWellcome’s (“Wellcome”) Sub-Saharan Africa operations based in Johannesburg, South Africa, responsible for developing and implementing a regional strategy, including novel low-cost product sourcing options suitable for African markets. In the early 1990’s, Mr. Collier worked at Wellcome as Global Commercial lead for the Herpes business sector. Earlier in his career, Mr. Collier held several sales and marketing positions for Abbott Laboratories, SmithKline Beecham and Beecham Pharmaceuticals in the United Kingdom. Mr. Collier currently serves as a member of the board of Genevant. Mr. Collier is a member of the Board of the International Partnership for Microbicides and a governance fellow at the National Association of Corporate Directors. He also served as a board member of AIDS United from 2011 to 2018 and was a member of President Obama’s Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS from 2014 to 2017. Mr. Collier received his B.Sc. degree with honors in Mathematics and Management Sciences from the University of Manchester, UK and has completed leadership programs at the London Business School, INSEAD and Duke University. Mr. Collier is a citizen of the United States and the United Kingdom. Our Board believes Mr. Collier’s many years of senior management experience in life sciences industry, as well as his perspective as our President and Chief Executive Officer, qualifies him to serve on our Board.
Daniel Burgess, Director.   Mr. Burgess has served as a director since March 2017. He is currently a Venture Partner at SV Health Investors, is Chairman of the Board of Nabriva Therapeutics (Nasdaq: NBRV) and Cidara Therapeutics (Nasdaq: CDTX) as well as several private biotechnology companies. He is also acting Chief Executive Officer of Therini Bio, Inc. Prior to his current roles, Mr. Burgess was President and CEO of Rempex Pharmaceuticals, a company he co-founded in 2011 and subsequently sold to The Medicines Company in December 2013. Prior to Rempex, Mr. Burgess was President and Chief Executive Officer of Mpex Pharmaceuticals, Inc., which was acquired by Aptalis Pharma Inc. in 2011. Previously, Mr. Burgess was Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer of Harbor BioSciences, Inc., formerly Hollis-Eden Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Prior to Hollis-Eden, Mr. Burgess spent ten years with Gensia Sicor, Inc. (acquired by Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Limited) where he held a variety of executive level positions with responsibility for overall finance for the company as well as a number of different operating units. Mr. Burgess holds a B.A. in economics from Stanford University and an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School. Our Board believes Mr. Burgess’ board, senior management and financial experience at a variety of public and private biotechnology companies and his extensive time in the anti-infective field, allows him to provide our Board with critical perspectives and qualifies him to serve on our Board.
Richard C. Henriques, Director.   Mr. Henriques has served as a director since December 2014. He is currently a Senior Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania with a focus on impact investing. He formerly served as Chief Financial Officer for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation from 2010 to 2014. In this role, Mr. Henriques was responsible for finance and accounting, financial planning and analysis, strategic planning, measurement and evaluation, program related investments and information technology. Mr. Henriques’ background includes more than 25 years working at Merck & Co., Inc. (NYSE: MRK). During this time, he served as Senior Vice President of Finance for Global Human Health, Vice President and Corporate Controller, and Principal Accounting Officer, among other roles. Mr. Henriques was responsible for the Corporate Controller’s Group, which provided direct financial support for Merck’s worldwide human health commercial operations. Mr. Henriques currently serves as a member of the board of directors for The Franklin Institute, the Pennsylvania State Chapter of The Nature Conservancy and Episcopal Community Services (a Philadelphia based social services organization). He also serves on the board of EMulate Therapeutics, a Seattle based bio-electronics company, and Cabaletta Bio (Nasdaq: CABA), which is focused on discovery and development of T cell therapies for B cell-mediated autoimmune diseases. He holds a B.A. in Oriental Studies from the University of Pennsylvania and an M.B.A. with a concentration in Finance from The Wharton School. Our Board believes Mr. Henriques’ experience at Merck and other organizations, which allows him to provide our Board with critical perspectives on finance, accounting and internal controls issues, qualifies him to serve on our Board.
 
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Keith Manchester, M.D., Director.   Dr. Manchester has served as a director since March 2015. Dr. Manchester is a partner and the Head of Life Sciences for QVT Financial LP, an investment firm, where he has been employed since 2005. He focuses on investments in both publicly traded and privately owned life sciences companies. Dr. Manchester also serves as a director of Roivant Sciences Ltd. and RSI. and sits on the Supervisory Board of Medigene AG (OTCMKTS: MDGEF). Dr. Manchester previously served as a director of Myovant Sciences Ltd. Prior to joining QVT, Dr. Manchester was Vice President of Business Development from 2002 to 2004 and Director of Business Development from 2000 to 2002 at Applied Molecular Evolution, Inc., a biotechnology company. From 1999 to 2000, Dr. Manchester was an associate at Vestar Capital Partners, a private equity firm. From 1997 to 1999, Dr. Manchester was an investment banker in the healthcare group at Goldman, Sachs & Co. Dr. Manchester received his A.B. degree from Harvard College and his M.D. degree from Harvard Medical School. Our Board believes Dr. Manchester’s training in medicine and his business development experience, which enable him to provide our Board with insights on clinical trials, product development and strategic priorities, qualifies him to serve on our Board.
Eric Venker, M.D., Pharm.D., Director.   Dr. Venker has served as a director since February 2020. Dr. Venker is currently President and Chief Operating Officer of RSI, having previously served as Chief Operating Officer since November 2018. From October 2017 to October 2018, he served as Chief of Staff to RSI’s Chief Executive Officer, and from 2014 to 2015 as an Analyst at RSI. From 2015 to 2017, Dr. Venker was a physician at New York Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center, where he trained in internal medicine, and also served as Chair of the Housestaff Quality Council leading operational initiatives to improve efficiencies. From 2011 to 2015, Dr. Venker was a Clinical Pharmacist at Yale-New Haven Hospital. Dr. Venker also serves on the boards of directors of Immunovant, Inc. (Nasdaq: IMVT) and Sio Gene Therapies, Inc. (Nasdaq: SIOX) and several private biopharmaceutical companies. He received his Pharm.D. from St. Louis College of Pharmacy and his M.D. from Yale School of Medicine. Our Board believes that Dr. Venker’s medical background and experience in the biopharmaceutical industry qualifies him to serve on our Board.
James Meyers, Director.   Mr. Meyers has served as a director since October 2018. He also serves as a Board Member for CytomX Therapeutics (Nasdaq: CTMX) and Sangamo Therapeutics (Nasdaq: SGMO). In November 2020, Mr. Meyers became President and Chief Executive Officer of IntraBio Ltd., a privately-held biopharmaceutical company with a late-stage drug pipeline that includes treatment for genetic and neurodegenerative diseases. In addition, Mr. Meyers has served as a Senior Advisor to the Boston Consulting Group since January 2019, and has served as a Senior Advisor to Gilead Sciences, Inc. (“Gilead”) (Nasdaq: GILD) since his retirement from Gilead in February 2018. In his 22 years at Gilead, Mr. Meyers was one of a relatively small group of executives who were instrumental in transitioning the company from an innovative start-up to one of the most successful biopharmaceutical organizations in the world. Prior to his advisory role, Mr. Meyers served as Gilead’s Executive Vice President of Worldwide Commercial Operations, responsible for all commercial activities including pricing and market access. Mr. Meyers also led some of the most important and successful product launches in the history of the biopharmaceutical industry, most notably in the therapeutics areas of HCV and HIV. Prior to Gilead, Mr. Meyers served in roles of increasing responsibility at both Zeneca Pharmaceuticals and Astra U.S.A.. Mr. Meyers received his Bachelor’s degree in Economics from Boston College. Our Board believes Mr. Meyers’ experiences in the biopharmaceutical and healthcare industry, which allows him to contribute valuable input to our Board on our strategic and business affairs, qualifies him to serve on our Board.
Andrew Cheng, M.D., Ph.D., Director.   Dr. Cheng has served as a director since August 2019. Since September 2018, Dr. Cheng has served as Director, President and Chief Executive Officer at Akero Therapuetics (Nasdaq: AKRO), a biotechnology company focused on the development of transformational treatments for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and other serious metabolic diseases. Previously, Dr. Cheng spent nearly two decades at Gilead Sciences, Inc., where he most recently served as Chief Medical Officer and Executive Vice President. Dr. Cheng joined Gilead Sciences in 1999 and was responsible for leading the clinical development for numerous HIV/AIDS programs. During his tenure at Gilead, he also led the clinical development operations for several other therapeutic areas including oncology, inflammatory, respiratory and cardiovascular indications. Dr. Cheng received a B.A. from the Johns Hopkins University and an M.D. and Ph.D. from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. He is board certified
 
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in Internal Medicine. Our Board believes Dr. Cheng’s extensive experience in the pharmaceutical industry and numerous successful clinical development outcomes for several antiviral compounds qualify him to serve on our Board.
The following are brief biographies of our current executive officers:
David C. Hastings, Chief Financial Officer.   Mr. Hastings has served as our Chief Financial Officer since June 2018. Mr. Hastings previously served as the Chief Financial Officer and Executive Vice President of Incyte Corporation (a life sciences company with a focus on oncology) from 2003 until 2014. During this time, Mr. Hastings oversaw all financial aspects as Incyte transitioned from research and development to commercialization following the launch of Jakafi® (ruxolitinib). Mr. Hastings also previously served as Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of ArQule Inc. During his tenure at ArQule, he played an important role in ArQule’s transition into a drug discovery and development organization, and in two strategic acquisitions, including the purchase of Cyclis Pharmaceuticals Inc. Prior to that, Mr. Hastings was with Genzyme Corporation as its Vice President and Corporate Controller, and with Sepracor, Inc. where he was Director of Finance. Most recently, Mr. Hastings served as the Chief Financial Officer and Senior Vice President of Unilife Corporation (a medical device company) from 2015 to 2017 and as its Chief Accounting Officer and Treasurer from 2016 to 2017. Mr. Hastings was an executive officer of Unilife Corporation when it filed for voluntary bankruptcy in April 2017. Mr. Hastings currently serves on the board of directors and chairs the Audit Committees of Scynexis, Inc. (Nasdaq: SCYX), VBL Therapeutics, Inc. (Nasdaq: VBLT), and Entasis Therapeutics, Inc. (Nasdaq: ETTX). Mr. Hastings received a B.A. in Economics from the University of Vermont.
Elizabeth Howard, Ph.D., J.D., Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer.   Dr. Howard has served as our Executive Vice President and General Counsel since March 2016 and as Chief Compliance Officer since March 2019. Dr. Howard has been practicing law for more than 20 years. Prior to joining us in March 2016, she was an intellectual property partner at Orrick, where she co-chaired Orrick’s life sciences practice focusing on patent infringement litigation. Her practice also included trade secrets disputes and handling anti-counterfeiting matters in the pharmaceutical industry. In addition to litigating in numerous federal district courts and California state courts, Dr. Howard has appeared before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office in interference proceedings, arbitrated before numerous tribunals, and litigated before the U.S. International Trade Commission. Dr. Howard also served as a deputy district attorney in the county of Santa Clara. Additionally, Dr. Howard counseled clients in negotiation and drafting of agreements in licensing or other technology transactions. She also speaks and publishes regularly on intellectual property matters affecting the life sciences industry. Dr. Howard has been listed as a “leading lawyer” in “PLC Which Lawyer” for her litigation successes in life sciences, and named to the Daily Journal’s list of “Top 75 IP Litigators in California” in 2013. Before law school, Dr. Howard was an NSF Plant Molecular Biology Postdoctoral Fellow at the CSIRO Division of Plant Industry in Canberra, Australia, and a Research Geneticist at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Howard obtained her doctorate with Dr. Elizabeth Blackburn (2009 Nobel Laureate, Physiology or Medicine). Dr. Howard holds a B.A. with honors from the University of California, Santa Barbara, a Ph.D. in Molecular Biology from the University of California, Berkeley, a J.D. from the University of California, Hastings College of the Law, and is a member of the United States Patent Bar.
Michael J. Sofia, Ph.D., Chief Scientific Officer.   has served as our Chief Scientific Officer since 2015. Dr. Sofia has won the Lasker-Debakey Clinical Medical Research Award for his outstanding discovery, contribution, and achievement in the field of medicine. Dr. Sofia has also won the Economist’s 2015 Innovation Award in the Bioscience category for developing a rapid cure for hepatitis C virus infection (HCV). Dr. Sofia was one of OnCore’s co-founders and served as its Chief Scientific Officer and Head of Research and Development since July 2014. He previously served as President and a member of its board of directors from May 2012 to August 2014. Since April 2012, Dr. Sofia has been a professor at the Baruch S. Blumberg Institute and since March 2013, Dr. Sofia has been an adjunct professor at the Drexel University School of Medicine. Previously, Dr. Sofia was the Senior Vice-President, Chemistry, Site Head and then Senior Advisor at Gilead Sciences, Inc. from January 2012 to December 2012. Prior to that, Dr. Sofia was the Senior Vice-President, Chemistry at Pharmasset, Inc. from August 2005 to January 2012 where he was responsible for the discovery of sofosbuvir, which ultimately resulted in the acquisition of Pharmasset by Gilead for $11 billion. From 1999 to 2005, Dr. Sofia served as a Group Director, New Leads Chemistry at
 
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Bristol-Myers Squibb. From 1993 to 1999, Dr. Sofia established and directed the research programs at Transcell Technologies, first as Director of Chemistry and then as Vice-President of Research. Dr. Sofia received his B.A. degree from Cornell University, his Ph.D. degree from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and was an NIH postdoctoral fellow at Columbia University.
Gaston Picchio, Chief Development Officer.   Dr. Picchio has served as our Chief Development Officer since October 2018. Dr. Picchio joined us from Janssen R&D, bringing with him over thirty years of basic and clinical experience in the field of human virology, and sixteen years of industry experience dedicated to the development of antiviral drugs including drug approvals for the treatment of HIV (etravirine and rilpivirine) and HCV (telaprevir and simeprevir). In 2015, Dr. Picchio was a recipient of the Johnson Medal for the development of telaprevir and simeprevir and combinations thereof. Prior to joining us, Dr. Picchio served in various senior management positions at Janssen R&D, including Vice President — Scientific Innovation Infectious Diseases & Vaccines, Vice President — Hepatitis Disease Area Leader and Vice President — Clinical Virology Infectious Diseases & Vaccines. Dr. Picchio received a Masters in Molecular Biology from University Centro de Altos Estudios en Ciencias Exactas, Buenos Aires, and a PhD degree from University of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Michael J. McElhaugh, Chief Business Officer.   Mr. McElhaugh has served as our Chief Business Officer since December 2018 and has been with us since July 2014. Mr. McElhaugh was one of the co-founders of OnCore Biopharma and served as its Chief Operating Officer before OnCore was acquired by us in March 2015. Previously, from March 2012 to May 2014 he was the Director, Hepatitis C Worldwide Commercialization at Bristol-Meyers Squibb, a pharmaceutical company. Prior to Bristol-Meyers Squibb, Mr. McElhaugh was the Director, Business Development and Market Analytics at Pharmasset, Inc. from September 2008 until its acquisition by Gilead Sciences Inc. in January 2012 and remained in that position after the acquisition until March 2012. He also previously held various positions at Viropharma, Inc. and at Merck and Co., Inc. Mr. McElhaugh received his B.S. degree from St. Joseph’s University, his M.S. degree from Thomas Jefferson University and his M.B.A. degree from the Johnson Graduate School of Management at Cornell University.
Arrangements Relating to Election or Nomination of Directors
Except as set forth below, there are no arrangements or understandings between a director and any other person pursuant to which such person was elected as director or is being nominated as a director:
Drs. Torti, Manchester and Venker serve on our Board in connection with Roivant’s right to designate for nomination up to three directors pursuant to our Articles. See the “Corporate Governance — Governance Agreement with Roivant” section of this Proxy Statement/Circular.
No Family Relationships
There are no family relationships between any of our executive officers, directors or director nominees.
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
Overview
We believe in building a strong governance foundation. As a Canadian company publicly listed on a U.S. stock exchange, we are subject to the rules and regulations of the SEC, the listing standards of Nasdaq, and the rules and policies of the Canadian provincial securities regulators. The following disclosure of our approach to corporate governance outlines the various procedures, policies and practices that we and our Board have implemented to address all of the foregoing requirements and, where appropriate, reflect current best practices.
Board Independence and Oversight
Our Board assumes responsibility for our stewardship. The mandate of our Board is to supervise the management of our business and affairs. Our Board delegates day-to-day managerial responsibilities to management, and any responsibility not delegated to senior management or to a committee of the Board
 
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remains with the full Board. Our Board has a formal mandate, the text of which is attached to this Proxy Statement/Circular as Exhibit A.
Our Board is currently composed of eight directors, and Shareholders are being asked at the Annual Meeting to re-elect each of these eight directors to an additional one-year term.
Independent directors (according to the applicable standards of the SEC, Nasdaq and the rules and regulations of the Canadian provincial securities regulatory authorities) are as follows: Dr. Torti, Mr. Burgess, Mr. Henriques, Dr. Manchester, Dr. Venker, Mr. Meyers and Dr. Cheng. In connection with its assessment, our Board considered (i) each director’s beneficial ownership of our Common Shares reported in the “Stock Ownership of Directors, Officers and Principal Shareholders” section of this Proxy Statement/Circular, (ii) the agreements and transactions reported in the “Related Party Transactions” section of this Proxy Statement, (iii) with respect to Drs. Torti, Manchester and Venker, their affiliation with certain beneficial owners of more than 5% of our Common Shares (please refer to the biographies of the current directors in the “Executive Officers and Directors” section of this Proxy Statement/Circular for details regarding the affiliation of Drs. Torti, Manchester and Venker with Roivant) and their original election and/or nomination to our Board on behalf of such Shareholders. Our Board has also determined that each member of our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee meets the independence requirements applicable to those committees as prescribed by applicable rules and regulations of Nasdaq and the SEC.
Mr. Collier, our President and Chief Executive Officer, is not independent as a result of being one of our officers. Further information on our directors is set out in the biography of each director under the heading “Executive Officers and Directors.” Each biography also outlines the director’s relevant experience and expertise.
Board Leadership
Our entire Board is responsible for our overall governance. Our Chairman, Dr. Torti, is independent of management. At this time, our Board believes that separation of the positions of Chairman and Chief Executive Officer reinforces the independence of our Board from management, creates an environment that encourages objective oversight of management’s performance and enhances the effectiveness of our Board as a whole.
Risk Assessment
One of the key functions of our Board is informed oversight of our enterprise risk management process. Our Board does not have a standing risk management committee, but directly oversees risk management, as well as through various standing committees that address risks inherent in their respective areas of oversight. In particular, our Board is responsible for monitoring and assessing strategic risk exposure, and our Audit Committee has the responsibility to consider and discuss our major financial risk exposures and the steps our management has taken to monitor and control these exposures, including guidelines and policies to govern the process by which risk assessment and management is undertaken. The Audit Committee also monitors compliance with legal and regulatory requirements. Our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee monitors the effectiveness of our corporate governance practices. Our Compensation Committee assesses and monitors whether any of our compensation policies and practices have the potential to encourage excessive risk-taking, and whether our compensation policies and practices are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on us.
CEO Evaluation
In reviewing and recommending the compensation of our Chief Executive Officer, our Compensation Committee reviews and recommends to our Board the corporate goals and objectives of our business relevant thereto, and evaluates the Chief Executive Officer’s performance in light of those corporate goals and objectives and makes a recommendation to our Board regarding the Chief Executive Officer’s compensation based on, in part, such evaluation. Our Board then reviews and approves the corporate objectives that our Chief Executive Officer is responsible for meeting and such corporate objectives form a key reference point for
 
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the annual review and assessment of our Chief Executive Officer’s performance, which is performed by the independent directors on our Board.
Director Orientation and Continuing Education
New Board members receive a director’s orientation including reports on our strategic plans and our significant financial, accounting and risk management issues. In addition, the orientation for our directors involves meeting with our senior management and an interactive introductory discussion about us, providing the directors with an opportunity to ask questions.
Director Nominations
Our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee has the primary responsibility for establishing criteria for Board membership and identifying, evaluating, reviewing and recommending qualified candidates to serve on our Board.
All nominations proposed by the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee must receive the approval of our Board. Prior to recommending candidates to serve on our Board, the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee:
(a)
considers what competencies and skills our Board, as a whole, should possess. In doing so, the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee recognizes that the particular competencies and skills required for one company may not be the same as those required for another;
(b)
assesses what competencies and skills each existing Board member possesses, considering that no one director is likely to have all the competencies and skills required by our Board, rather, each individual makes their own contribution. Attention shall also be paid to the personality and other qualities of each director, as they may ultimately determine the Board dynamic; and
(c)
assesses what competencies and skills each nominee will bring to our Board and whether such nominee can devote sufficient time and resources to his or her duties as a Board member.
The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee will consider and evaluate Shareholder-recommended candidates using the same criteria as for other candidates. If the committee decides the candidate is suitable for Board membership, the committee will recommend the candidate to our Board, which approves the slate of director nominees for election by Shareholders. During fiscal 2020, we received no director recommendations from our Shareholders other than pursuant to the Governance Agreement with Roivant.
Shareholders who wish to suggest a director candidate may submit a written recommendation to Attention: Corporate Secretary, 701 Veterans Circle, Warminster, Pennsylvania 18974, United States (with a copy to Farris LLP, 25th Floor, 700 West Georgia Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V7Y 1B3, attention R. Hector MacKay-Dunn, Q.C), along with the following information:

as to each person whom the Shareholder proposes to nominate for election as a director: (A) the name, age, business address and residential address of the person; (B) the principal occupation or employment of the person, and the principal occupation or employment of the person for the past five years; (C) the citizenship of such person; (D) the class or series and number of shares in our share capital which are controlled or which are owned beneficially or of record by the person as of the record date for the meeting of Shareholders (if such date shall then have been made publicly available and shall have occurred) and as of the date of such notice; and (E) any other information relating to the person that would be required to be disclosed in a dissident’s proxy circular in connection with solicitations of proxies for election of directors pursuant to the BCBCA and the applicable securities laws of Canada; and

as to the nominating Shareholder giving the notice, full particulars regarding any proxy, contract, agreement, arrangement or understanding pursuant to which such nominating Shareholder has a right to vote or direct the voting of any of our shares and any other information relating to such nominating Shareholder that would be required to be made in a dissident’s proxy circular in connection with solicitations of proxies for election of directors pursuant to the BCBCA and the applicable securities laws of Canada.
 
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We may require any proposed nominee to furnish such other information as may reasonably be required by us to determine the eligibility of such proposed nominee to serve as an independent director or that could be material to a reasonable Shareholder’s understanding of the independence, or lack thereof, of such proposed nominee. Shareholders wishing to propose a director candidate must also comply with the advance notice deadlines found in Section 13.9 of our Articles, and more fully described above under “How can I make a Shareholder proposal for the 2022 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders.
In addition to suggesting a director candidate, a Shareholder may also nominate a director candidate for election. A Shareholder wishing to nominate an individual to be a director, other than pursuant to a requisition of a meeting made pursuant to the BCBCA, is required to comply with Section 13.9 of the Articles. Section 13.9 of the Articles provides, inter alia, that proper written notice of any such director nomination (the “Nomination Notice”) for an annual general meeting of Shareholders must be provided to our Secretary not less than 30 nor more than 65 days prior to the date of the annual general meeting of Shareholders; provided, however, that in the event that the annual general meeting of Shareholders is to be held on a date that is less than 50 days after the date (the “Notice Date”) on which the first public announcement of the date of the annual general meeting was made, the Nomination Notice must be provided no later than the close of business on the tenth day following the Notice Date. The foregoing is merely a summary of provisions contained in Section 13.9 of the Articles, and is not comprehensive and is qualified by the full text of such provisions. The full text of such provisions is set out in Section 13.9 of the Articles, as amended, copies of which are attached as Exhibits 3.1 and 3.2 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, which can be found under our profile at www.sedar.com or www.sec.gov.
Director Election and Majority Voting Policy
Our Board believes that each of its members should carry the confidence and support of our Shareholders. To this end, our Articles allow for a majority voting policy. Our Shareholders originally approved the majority voting policy in 2013 and it was subsequently amended in March 2018 and August 2020. In an uncontested election of directors, Shareholders may vote in favor of, or withhold their vote from, each nominee director. If, with respect to any particular nominee, the number of votes withheld for a particular nominee exceeds the number of votes in favor of the nominee, then for purposes of our policy, the nominee shall be considered not to have received the support of our Shareholders, even though duly elected as a matter of corporate law.
A person elected as a director who is considered under this test not to have the confidence of Shareholders is expected to immediately submit to our Board his or her resignation in accordance with our Majority Voting Policy. Our Board (excluding any director that has tendered a resignation) will consider the director’s offer to resign and decide whether or not to accept it. In making its decision, our Board will consider all factors deemed relevant by the members of the committee and our Board, including:

the recommendation of our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee;

the stated reasons why Shareholders withheld votes from the election of the resigning director;

the length of service and the qualifications of the resigning director;

the resigning director’s contributions to us; and

the effect that such resignation(s) may have on our Board’s ability to: (i) effectively continue fulfilling its responsibility for the stewardship of our organization and the enhancement of shareholder value; and (ii) our ability to comply with any applicable governance rules and policies.
Within 90 days following the applicable meeting of Shareholders, our Board will, upon recommendation of our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee and the other factors set forth above, decide whether to accept or not accept the resignation of that director. Following our Board’s decision on the resignation, our Board will promptly disclose, via press release, its decision whether to accept the resigning director’s resignation offer including the reasons for rejecting the resignation offer, if applicable. If a resignation is accepted, our Board may, in accordance with the provisions of the Articles and the BCBCA, appoint a new director to fill any vacancy created by the resignation, reduce the size of our Board, leave any vacancy open until the next annual general meeting of our Shareholders, call a special meeting of our
 
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Shareholders at which there will be presented nominees to fill any vacancies, or any combination of the above. Our Majority Voting Policy is available on our website at www.arbutusbio.com.
Director Terms
Directors are elected annually. Unless the director’s office is earlier vacated in accordance with the provisions of the BCBCA and our Articles, each director elected will hold office until immediately before the election of new directors at the next annual general meeting of our Shareholders or, if no director is then elected, until a successor is elected or appointed.
Director Term Limits
Our Board has not adopted term limits for our directors. In terms of mechanisms for Board renewal, the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee has the mandate and responsibility to annually review, discuss and assess the performance of our Board. This assessment includes an evaluation of: our Board’s contribution as a whole and effectiveness in serving our best interests and the best interests of our Shareholders; specific areas in which our Board and/or management believe contributions could be improved; the appropriate size of our Board, with a view to facilitating effective decision making; and overall Board composition and makeup. The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee also has the primary responsibility for evaluating, reviewing and considering the recommendation for nomination of new candidates to our Board as well as incumbent directors for re-election to our Board.
Diversity
The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee has the primary responsibility for establishing criteria for Board membership and identifying, evaluating, reviewing and recommending qualified candidates to serve on our Board.
Our Board Mandate does not specifically contemplate diversity or the level of representation of women on our Board in identifying and nominating candidates for election or re-election to our Board. However, prior to recommending candidates to serve on our Board, the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee shall:
(a)
consider what competencies and skills our Board, as a whole, should possess. In doing so, the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee recognizes that the particular competencies and skills required for one company may not be the same as those required for another;
(b)
assess what competencies and skills each existing Board member possesses, considering that no one director is likely to have all the competencies and skills required by our Board; rather, each individual makes their own contribution. Attention shall also be paid to the personality and other qualities of each director, as they may ultimately determine the Board dynamic;
(c)
assess what competencies and skills each nominee will bring to our Board and whether such nominee can devote sufficient time and resources to his or her duties as a Board member; and
(d)
consider each candidate’s independence, skills, experience and other characteristics in the context of the needs and composition of our Board, including diversity.
Our Board Mandate does not specifically contemplate the level of representation of women in executive officer positions when making executive officer appointments. However, our Board Mandate does stipulate that our Board is responsible for evaluating the integrity of the Chief Executive Officer and other executive officers, and direct the Chief Executive Officer and other executive officers to promote a culture of integrity throughout our organization.
We have not adopted a target regarding women on our Board or in executive officer positions. As of the Record Date, we have no women on our Board, and we have one female executive officer, Elizabeth Howard.
 
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Committees of our Board
To assist in the discharge of its responsibilities, our Board currently has three standing committees: the Audit Committee, the Executive Compensation and Human Resources Committee and the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, each of which is composed entirely of independent directors.
In addition to our formal, standing committees, our Board may from time-to-time appoint additional committees to address specific issues.
Audit Committee
The members of our Audit Committee are Messrs. Henriques (Chair), Meyers and Burgess, each of whom is a non-employee member of our Board. Our Board has determined that each of the members of our Audit Committee is financially literate and has financial expertise (as is currently defined under the applicable SEC rules). In addition, our Board has determined that each of Messrs. Henriques and Burgess qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” under the rules of the SEC. Our Board has determined that each member of our Audit Committee is an independent member of our Board under the current requirements of Nasdaq and the rules and regulations of the SEC and Canadian provincial securities regulatory authorities.
Our Audit Committee is responsible for acting on behalf of our Board in fulfilling our Board’s oversight responsibilities with respect to: (i) our corporate accounting, financial reporting practices and audits of financial statements; (ii) our systems of internal accounting and financial controls; (iii) the quality and integrity of our financial statements and reports; and (iv) the qualifications, independence and performance of any firm or firms of certified public accountants or independent chartered accountants engaged as our independent registered public accounting firm. Our independent registered public accounting firm reports directly to our Audit Committee. Specific responsibilities of our Audit Committee include:

overseeing the work of our independent registered public accounting firm engaged for the purpose of preparing or issuing an independent registered public accounting firm’s report or performing other audit, review or attest services for us;

evaluating the performance, and assessing the qualifications, of our independent registered public accounting firm for the purpose of preparing or issuing an independent registered public accounting firm report or performing other audit, review or attest services;

subject to the appointment of our independent registered public accounting firm in accordance with applicable corporate formalities, determining and approving the engagement of, and compensation to be paid to, our independent registered public accounting firm;

determining and approving the engagement, prior to the commencement of such engagement, of, and compensation for, our independent registered public accounting firm and to perform any proposed permissible non-audit services;

reviewing our financial statements and management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations and recommending to our Board whether or not such financial statements and management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be approved by our Board;

conferring with our independent registered public accounting firm and with our management regarding the scope, adequacy and effectiveness of internal financial reporting controls in effect;

establishing procedures for the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints received by us regarding accounting, internal accounting controls or auditing matters and the confidential and anonymous submission by our employees of concerns regarding questionable accounting or auditing matters;

reviewing, overseeing and approving, in advance, related-party transactions and reviewing other issues arising under our Code of Business Conduct for Directors, Officers, Employees, Contractors and Consultants and similar policies; and
 
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reviewing and discussing with our management and independent registered public accounting firm, as appropriate, our guidelines and policies with respect to risk assessment and risk management, including our major financial risk exposures and investment and hedging policies and the steps taken by our management to monitor and control these exposures.
A copy of our Audit Committee’s charter, the text of which is attached to this Proxy Statement/Circular as Exhibit B, is available on our website at www.arbutusbio.com.
Both our independent registered public accounting firm and management periodically meets privately with our Audit Committee.
Executive Compensation and Human Resources Committee
The members of the Compensation Committee are Mr. Meyers (Chair), Mr. Henriques, Dr. Torti and Dr. Cheng. Our Board has determined that each of the members of the Compensation Committee has the appropriate experience for their Committee responsibilities based on their prior senior roles in our industry. Our Board has determined that each member of our Compensation Committee is independent.
Our Compensation Committee is responsible for acting on behalf of our Board in: (i) reviewing and recommending the compensation of our Chief Executive Officer to our Board for approval; (ii) reviewing and recommending to our Board or approving compensation for our other executive officers; (iii) administering our equity compensation plans, including approving all grants and awards under such plans; (iv) fulfilling our Board’s oversight responsibilities with respect to our overall compensation policies, plans and programs; and (v) performing other activities related to our compensation plans and structure, including preparing and reviewing any disclosure on executive compensation included in our annual proxy statement or information circular in accordance with applicable rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC and the Canadian provincial securities regulatory authorities.
Specific responsibilities of our Compensation Committee include:

reviewing and recommending to our Board for its approval, the salary, bonus, equity compensation and any other compensation and terms of employment of our Chief Executive Officer;

approving, as applicable, or reviewing and recommending to our Board for its approval, the salary levels, bonus plans and structures and payments thereunder and other forms of compensation policies, plans and programs for our executive officers (not including our Chief Executive Officer);

reviewing and approving the terms of any employment agreements, severance arrangements, change of control protections and any other compensatory arrangements for our executive officers (not including our Chief Executive Officer);

from time to time reviewing and recommending to our Board our overall compensation plans and structure, including without limitation incentive compensation and equity-based plans;

recommending to our Board for its approval the compensation for non-executive Board members, including any retainers, committee and committee chair fees and/or equity compensation;

administering our equity compensation plans, pension plans, and similar programs, including the adoption, amendment and termination of such plans and any sub-plans thereof, establishing guidelines, interpreting plan documents, selecting participants, approving grants and awards, or exercising such other power and authority as may be permitted or required under such plans;

reviewing with management all executive compensation disclosure before we publicly disclose this information; and

reviewing, discussing and assessing annually the committee’s own performance and the adequacy of the committee’s charter.
Only independent, non-employee members of our Board participate in the review and approval of the executive compensation actions described above. A copy of our Compensation Committee’s charter is available on our website at www.arbutusbio.com.
 
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The agenda for each meeting of the Compensation Committee is developed by the chair of the Compensation Committee in consultation with our Chief Executive Officer. The Compensation Committee meets regularly in executive session. From time to time, various members of management and other employees as well as outside advisors or consultants may be invited by the Compensation Committee to make presentations, to provide financial or other background information or advice or to otherwise participate in Compensation Committee meetings. No officer may participate in, or be present during, any deliberations or determinations of the Compensation Committee regarding the compensation for such officer or employee. Our Chief Executive Officer provides recommendations to our Compensation Committee with respect to executive and employee compensation, other than his own compensation. The Compensation Committee takes into consideration Mr. Collier’s input in granting annual bonuses or equity awards and setting compensation levels.
The charter of the Compensation Committee grants the Compensation Committee full access to all of our books, records, facilities and personnel, as well as authority to obtain, at our expense, advice and assistance from internal and external legal, accounting or other advisors and consultants and other external resources that the Compensation Committee considers necessary or appropriate in the performance of its duties. In particular, the Compensation Committee has the authority to retain compensation consultants to assist in its evaluation of executive and director compensation, including the authority to approve the consultant’s reasonable fees and other retention terms.
The Compensation Committee engaged Aon plc (“Aon”), an independent compensation advisor, during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 to provide comparative data on executive and non-employee director compensation practices in our industry and to advise the Compensation Committee on our executive, non-executive and non-employee director compensation and equity plan programs generally. The Compensation Committee retains the sole authority to direct, terminate or engage Aon’s services. Other than services for which Aon was engaged by the Compensation Committee, Aon did not provide any other services to us.
The Compensation Committee may delegate any or all of its administrative duties or responsibilities to any of our officers, to the extent consistent with our Articles and applicable laws and rules of markets in which our securities then trade. The Compensation Committee may also form and delegate authority to sub-committees.
Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee
The members of our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee are Dr. Manchester (Chair) and Messrs. Burgess and Meyers. Our Board has determined that each member of our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee is an independent member of our Board under the current requirements of Nasdaq and as defined in the rules and regulations of the Canadian provincial securities regulatory authorities.
Our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee is responsible for (i) overseeing all aspects of our corporate governance functions on behalf of our Board; (ii) making recommendations to our Board regarding corporate governance issues; (iii) identifying, reviewing and evaluating candidates to serve as our directors and reviewing and evaluating incumbent directors; (iv) conducting an annual evaluation of our Board; (v) serving as a focal point for communication between such candidates, non-Committee directors and our management; (vi) recommending candidates to our Board; (vii) overseeing an evaluation of management succession planning; and (viii) making other recommendations to our Board regarding affairs relating to our directors.
Specific responsibilities of our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee include:

establishing criteria for Board membership and identifying, evaluating, reviewing and recommending qualified candidates to serve on our Board;

evaluating, reviewing and considering the recommendation for nomination of incumbent directors for re-election to our Board;

annually reviewing, discussing and assessing the performance of our Board, including Board committees, seeking input from senior management, the full Board and others;
 
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recommending annually to our Board for its approval the Chair and membership of each committee;

ensuring that all new directors receive a comprehensive orientation and that all new directors fully understand the nature and operation of our business, the role of our Board and its committees, and the contribution that each new director is expected to make, including the commitment of time and resources;

overseeing periodic evaluations of management succession plans; and

developing and reviewing a set of corporate governance principles for us.
A copy of our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee’s charter is available on our website at www.arbutusbio.com.
Our Board is responsible for approving nominees for election as directors. However, as is described above, our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee is responsible for reviewing, soliciting and recommending nominees to our Board.
Governance Agreement with Roivant
Pursuant to Part 28 of the Articles, for so long as Roivant has “beneficial ownership” ​(as defined pursuant Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act) (“Beneficial Ownership”) or exercises control or direction over not less than:

thirty-percent (30%) of the issued and outstanding Common Shares calculated on a partially diluted basis as of a particular date, Roivant has the right to nominate three (3) individuals for election to our Board at each Shareholder meeting, one (1) of whom must satisfy the applicable independence standards; and

twenty-percent (20%) of the issued and outstanding Common Shares calculated on a partially diluted basis as of a particular date, Roivant has the right to nominate two (2) individuals for election to our Board at each Shareholder meeting; and

ten percent (10%) of the issued and outstanding Common Shares calculated on a partially diluted basis as of a particular date, Roivant has the right to nominate one (1) individual for election to our Board at each Shareholder Meeting.
Upon Roivant having Beneficial Ownership or exercising control or direction over less than ten percent (10%) of the outstanding Common Shares calculated on a partially diluted basis as of a particular date, the nomination rights provided above will be of no further force and effect. The Beneficial Ownership total number of Common Shares underlying the Preferred Shares beneficially owned by Roivant are included in the Beneficial Ownership calculations described above.
Roivant has designated Drs. Torti, Manchester and Venker as its designees (collectively, the “Roivant Nominees”). The Roivant Nominees have consented to be named in the Proxy Statement/Circular and proxy card, and if elected, to serve on our Board. To our management’s knowledge, neither Roivant nor any of the Roivant nominees have been involved in a legal proceeding that would be required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 401(f) of the Regulation S-K of the Exchange Act.
Board and Committee Meetings
During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, our Board held a total of 13 meetings (in person or by teleconference). Our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, and Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee met a total of nine, five, and one time(s), respectively. Each director attended at least 75% of the total number of meetings of our Board and committee meetings of which such director was a member during 2020.
Board Member Attendance at Annual Shareholder Meetings
Although we do not have a formal policy regarding director attendance at annual general meetings of Shareholders, directors are invited to attend these annual general meetings absent extenuating circumstances. None of our directors attended our 2020 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders.
 
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Code of Business Conduct for Directors, Officers, Employees Contractors and Consultants
We have adopted a code of business conduct for directors, officers, employees, contractors and consultants (the “Code of Conduct”), which is available on our website at www.arbutusbio.com and also at www.sedar.com. Our Board and management review and discuss from time to time the effectiveness of our Code of Conduct and any areas or systems that may be further improved. If we effect an amendment to, or waiver from, a provision of our Code of Conduct, we intend to satisfy our disclosure requirements by posting a description of such amendment or waiver on the website above. The inclusion of our website address in this Proxy Statement/Circular does not include or incorporate by reference the information on our website into this Proxy Statement/Circular.
We comply with the relevant provisions under the BCBCA that deal with conflicts of interest in the approval of agreements or transactions, and our Code of Conduct sets out additional guidelines in relation to conflict of interest situations. We, through directors’ and officers’ questionnaires and other systems, also gather and monitor relevant information in relation to potential conflicts of interest that one of our directors or executive officers may have. Where appropriate, our directors absent themselves from portions of Board and committee meetings to allow independent discussion.
We were founded on, and the business continues to be successful largely as a result of, a commitment to ethical conduct. Employees are regularly reminded about their obligations in this regard, and senior management demonstrates a culture of integrity and monitors employee compliance with our Code of Conduct.
Hedging and Pledging Prohibitions
Under our Insider Trading Policy, our directors, officers and employees (and such individuals’ immediate family members, other members of their household and entities they control) may not engage in any hedging or monetization transactions involving our securities, such as zero-cost collars and forward sale contracts, and may not hold our securities in a margin account or pledge our securities as collateral for a loan.
Our Insider Trading Policy also prohibits these covered individuals from purchasing financial instruments (including prepaid variable forward contracts, equity swaps, collars, and exchange funds), or otherwise engaging in transactions, that hedge or offset, or are designed to hedge or offset, any decrease in the market value of our securities. In addition, transactions in puts, calls or other derivative securities, on an exchange or in any other organized market, are prohibited.
Shareholder Communications with Directors
We communicate with our stakeholders through a number of channels including our website at www.arbutusbio.com. Shareholders can provide feedback to us in a number of ways, including email at ir@arbutusbio.com and through our website. Any communication sent by a Shareholder must state the number of Common Shares owned by such Shareholder making the communication. We will review each communication and will forward such communication to our Board, or to any individual director to whom the communication is addressed, unless the communication consists of general surveys and mailings to solicit business or advertise products; job applications or resumes; general questions and inquiries; or any material that is threatening, illegal or that does not relate to the responsibilities of our Board. All communications that relate to questionable accounting or auditing matters involving us should be addressed directly to our General Counsel who will in turn report it to the chair of our Audit Committee as set forth in our Whistleblower Policy, which can be obtained on our website at www.arbutusbio.com.
 
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STOCK OWNERSHIP OF DIRECTORS, OFFICERS AND PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS
Our authorized share capital consists of an unlimited number of Common Shares and 1,164,000 Preferred Shares without par value.
The following table shows information regarding the beneficial ownership of our Common Shares as of April 7, 2021 by:

each of our Named Executive Officers (as defined below);

each of our directors;

all of our current directors and executive officers as a group; and

each person, or group of affiliated persons, known by us to own beneficially more than 5% of our Common Shares.
Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC as indicated in the footnotes to the table below.
Name of Beneficial Owner
Amount
and Nature
of Beneficial
Ownership(1)
Percent of
Class(2)
Named Executive Officers and Directors(3)
William H. Collier(4)
841,709 *
Michael J. Sofia, Ph.D.(5)
2,273,482 2.3%
Michael J. McElhaugh(6)
1,521,455 1.6%
Frank Torti, M.D.(7)
73,333 *
Daniel Burgess(8)
138,000 *
Richard C. Henriques(9)
119,000 *
Keith Manchester, M.D.(10)
157,915 *
Eric Venker, M.D., Pharm.D.
*
James Meyers(11)
73,333 *
Andrew Cheng, M.D., Ph.D.(12)
42,000 *
All executive officers and directors as a group (13 persons)(13)
6,373,613 6.4%
Greater than 5% Shareholders
Roivant Sciences, Ltd.(14)
16,013,540 16.6%
RTW Investments, LP(15)
5,978,355 6.2%
*
Represents less than 1% of the outstanding Common Shares.
(1)
Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act. A person or group is deemed to be the beneficial owner of any Common Shares over which such person or group has sole or shared voting or investment power, plus any shares which such person or group has the right to acquire beneficial ownership of within 60 days of April 7, 2021, whether through the exercise of options or otherwise. Unless otherwise indicated in the footnotes, each person or entity identified in the table has sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares shown as beneficially owned by them, subject to applicable community property laws.
(2)
The beneficial ownership percentage is calculated for each person or group separately because Common Shares subject to options or other rights to acquire our Common Shares that are currently exercisable or exercisable within 60 days of April 7, 2021 are considered outstanding only for the purpose of calculating the percentage ownership of the person or group holding such options or other rights but not for the purpose of calculating the percentage ownership of any other person or group. As a result, the beneficial ownership percentage for each person or group is calculated by dividing (x) the number of shares reported in the table as beneficially owned by such person or group, by (y) 96,336,352 Common Shares (which represents the number of Common Shares that were outstanding as of April 7, 2021) plus the number of shares that such person or group has the right to acquire beneficial ownership of within 60 days of April 7, 2021 as indicated in the footnotes below.
 
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(3)
The address for each of our executive officers and directors is c/o Arbutus Biopharma Corporation, 701 Veterans Circle, Warminster, Pennsylvania 18974, United States.
(4)
Consists of 841,709 stock options exercisable within 60 days of April 7, 2021.
(5)
Consists of 1,670,565 Common Shares and 602,917 stock options exercisable within 60 days of April 7, 2021.
(6)
Consists of 1,307,457 Common Shares and 213,998 stock options exercisable within 60 days of April 7, 2021.
(7)
Consists of 73,333 stock options exercisable within 60 days of April 7, 2021.
(8)
Consists of 138,000 stock options exercisable within 60 days of April 7, 2021.
(9)
Consists of 1,000 Common Shares and 118,000 stock options exercisable within 60 days of April 7, 2021.
(10)
Consists of 157,915 stock options exercisable within 60 days of April 7, 2021.
(11)
Consists of 73,333 stock options exercisable within 60 days of April 7, 2021.
(12)
Consists of 42,000 stock options exercisable within 60 days of April 7, 2021.
(13)
Consists of 2,979,022 Common Shares and 3,394,591 stock options exercisable within 60 days of April 7, 2021.
(14)
As reported in Schedule 13D/A filed with the SEC on July 16, 2019, Roivant Sciences Ltd. (“RSL”) directly owns and has voting and dispositive power over 16,013,540 Common Shares. This amount excludes approximately 23 million Common Shares underlying 1,164,000 of our Preferred Shares assuming conversion on October 18, 2021. The Preferred Shares are not convertible into Common Shares until they become mandatorily convertible on October 18, 2021 (subject to adjustment and subject to limited exceptions in the event of certain transactions or fundamental changes that would permit earlier conversion at Roivant’s option). RSL is governed by a board of directors consisting of Sakshi Chhabra, Andrew Lo, Patrick Machado, Keith Manchester, M.D., Daniel Gold, Ilan Oren, Masayo Tada and Vivek Ramaswamy. These individuals disclaim beneficial ownership with respect to such shares except to the extent of their pecuniary interest therein. The principal business address of RSL is Suite 1, 6th Floor, 11-12 St. James’s Square, London SW1Y 4LB, United Kingdom.
(15)
Based on information contained in Schedule 13G/A filed by RTW Investment, LP (the “Adviser”) on February 12, 2021. The filing indicated that as of December 31, 2020, the Common Shares were held by RTW Master Fund, Ltd. and one or more other funds (together the “Funds”) managed by the Adviser. The Adviser, in its capacity as the investment manager of the Funds, has the power to vote and the power to direct the disposition of all Common Shares held by the Funds. Accordingly, for the purposes of Reg. Section 240.13d-3, the Adviser may be deemed to beneficially own an aggregate of 5,978,355 Common Shares, or 7.05% of our 84,909,258 Common Shares issued and outstanding as of November 5, 2020, as disclosed in our Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 5, 2020. Roderick Wong is the Managing Partner of the Adviser. The report further indicated that it shall not be deemed an admission that the Adviser, the Funds or any other person is the beneficial owner of the securities reported herein for purposes of Section 13 of the Exchange Act, or for any other purpose. Each of the reporting persons disclaimed beneficial ownership of the Common Shares reported therein except to the extent of the reporting person’s pecuniary interest therein. The address for the Adviser is 40 10th Avenue, Floor 7, New York, New York 10014. The address for RTW Master Fund, Ltd. is c/o Intertrust Corporate Services (Cayman) Limited, 190 Elgin Avenue, George Town, Grand Cayman KY1-9001, Cayman Islands. The address for Mr. Wong is c/o RTW Investments, LP, 40 10th Avenue, Floor 7, New York, New York 10014.
EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
Our named executive officers (“Named Executive Officers”) for the year ended December 31, 2020 are:

William H. Collier, our President and Chief Executive Officer;

Michael J. Sofia, Ph.D., our Chief Scientific Officer; and

Michael J. McElhaugh, our Chief Business Officer.
 
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Summary Compensation Table
The following table provides information regarding the compensation awarded to, earned by or paid to our Named Executive Officers for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019. All amounts are expressed in US dollars unless otherwise noted.
Name and Principal Position
Year
Salary
($)(1)
Bonus
($)(2)
Option
Awards
($)(3)
Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation
($)(4)
All Other
Compensation
($)(5)
Total
($)
William H. Collier
President and Chief Executive Officer
2020 566,500 1,756,007 395,842 9,975 2,728,324
2019 285,577 100,000 1,792,048 150,945 5,615 2,334,185
Michael J. Sofia, Ph.D.
Chief Scientific Officer
2020 439,000 605,458 188,770 9,975 1,243,203
2019 422,300 484,152 135,136 9,800 1,051,388
Michael J. McElhaugh
Chief Business Officer
2020 415,000 484,366 178,450 9,975 1,087,791
(1)
Mr. Collier was appointed as President and Chief Executive Officer, effective as of June 24, 2019. Salary data for 2019 for Mr. Collier reflects his date of hire.
(2)
Mr. Collier received a $100,000 sign-on bonus in 2019 related to the commencement of his employment.
(3)
The amounts in this column represent the aggregate grant date fair value of the option grants, calculated in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board, Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 718. These amounts do not necessarily correspond to the actual value that may be realized by the executive in connection with his option awards. The assumptions made in valuing the option awards reported in this column are described in our audited consolidated financial statements (Note 14, Stock-based Compensation) included in our Annual Report.
(4)
The amounts in this column represent performance bonuses earned by the Named Executive Officers in the year shown based upon the achievement of pre-established performance objectives. See “Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation” below.
(5)
The amounts in this column for 2020 include 401(k) matching contributions of $9,975 for each of Mr. Collier, Dr. Sofia and Mr. McElhaugh. The amounts in this column for 2019 include 401(k) matching contributions of $5,615 for Mr. Collier and $9,800 for Dr. Sofia.
Narrative Disclosure to Summary Compensation Table
Currently, our executive compensation program principally consists of the following components: base salary, annual incentive cash bonus, long-term incentives in the form of stock options, and health and retirement benefits generally available to all of our employees. Additional details on the compensation package for Named Executive Officers are provided in the following sections.
2020 Base Salary
The Named Executive Officers are paid a base salary tied to their responsibilities in their role, their experience and past performance, and industry benchmarks. The annual base salaries for the Named Executive Officers for 2020 were as follows: (i) $566,500 for Mr. Collier; (ii) $439,000 for Dr. Sofia; and (iii) $415,000 for Mr. McElhaugh.
Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation
At the end of each fiscal year, our Board, in consultation with our CEO, determines whether annual incentive cash bonuses are warranted given our fiscal year performance and overall financial condition. If bonuses are to be paid, our policy is to pay them following the end of our fiscal year, based upon our level of achievement of major corporate objectives.
 
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Our corporate objectives are established by our Board, which assigns each objective a quantitative weighting at the beginning of the fiscal year and then assesses our achievement against these objectives at the end of the fiscal year.
Our Compensation Committee recommends, and our Board approves, the payment of executive bonuses. Potential annual incentive cash bonuses for the Named Executive Officers can range from 0% to 150% of annual salary, with 40% to 65% of annual salary representing the target bonus. The bonus payments for 2020 were based on performance against the corporate and personal objectives, consisting primarily of continued advancement of our HBV pipeline programs and other financial performance metrics. Key objectives achieved during 2020 that were important in our Compensation Committee’s determination of bonus awards included generating preliminary data from several single- and multi-dose cohorts of subjects with chronic HBV in our ongoing Phase 1a/1b clinical trial for AB-729, completing CTA/IND-enabling studies for AB-836, advancing our pre-clinical HBV programs and raising additional capital to support the Company’s development and discovery programs.
Long-Term Incentives — Stock Options
Stock options are granted to reward individuals for current performance, as an incentive for future performance and to align the long-term interest of Named Executive Officers with Shareholders. Stock options are granted under the 2011 Omnibus Share Compensation Plan and the 2016 Omnibus Share and Incentive Plan.
Stock options are generally awarded to Named Executive Officers at commencement of employment and annually thereafter after taking into consideration the results of a competitive analysis that benchmarks long-term incentive awards granted to executives in comparable positions at peer companies. The size of the grants is adjusted based on each Named Executive Officer’s performance against pre-determined corporate and personal performance goals used for annual incentive cash bonuses. From time to time, stock options may be granted to retain executives or for other special purposes. The exercise price for the options is the closing price of the Common Shares on the date of grant of the options.
For vesting terms of outstanding options held by Named Executive Officers, see Note 1 to the table below under “Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End.
Retirement Benefits for Named Executive Officers
We do not have any pension or deferred compensation plans for our Named Executive Officers. We do, however, have a 401(k) plan for US employees whereby we match employee contributions up to 3.5% of base salary and bonus. For Canadian employees, we have a Registered Retirement Savings Plan (“RRSP”) whereby we match employee contributions up to 3.5% of base salary. The matching percentages are the same for all U.S. and Canadian employees and are not based on performance.
Health Care Plans
All salaried employees receive health care coverage, paid vacation, term life insurance and disability insurance on the same terms.
Named Executive Officer Compensation for Fiscal 2020
William H. Collier, President and Chief Executive Officer
For fiscal 2020, Mr. Collier’s annual base salary was $566,500 and his annual incentive cash target was 65% of his annual salary. In January 2021, Mr. Collier’s annual base salary was increased to $583,500. In February 2021, Mr. Collier received an annual incentive cash award of $395,842, which was equal to 70% of his annual salary for 2020, based on fiscal 2020 performance.
In February 2020, Mr. Collier received a stock option award exercisable for 367,087 shares with an aggregate grant date fair value of $889,023. The option vests and becomes exercisable 1/48th each month over the four-year vesting period, has an exercise price of $3.35 and expires ten years from the grant date.
 
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In May 2020, Mr. Collier received a stock option award exercisable for 262,313 shares with an aggregate grant date fair value of $684,359. The option award was approved by the Compensation Committee in February 2020, subject to shareholder approval of an amendment to the 2016 Plan. Shareholders approved the 2016 Plan amendment in May 2020. The option vests and becomes exercisable as to 3/48ths of the common shares on the grant date and an additional 1/48th of the total original common shares each month for the remaining 45 months. The option has an exercise price of $3.35 and expires ten years from the grant date.
In September 2020, Mr. Collier received a performance stock option award exercisable for 70,000 shares with an aggregate grant date fair value of $182,625. The award was approved by the Compensation Committee in February 2020, subject to shareholder approval of an amendment to the 2016 Plan and subject to the achievement of certain performance criteria related to the Company’s HBV clinical development activities. Shareholders approved the 2016 Plan amendment in May 2020. In September 2020, the Compensation Committee determined that the performance criteria had been met. The option vested upon grant in September 2020, has an exercise price of $3.35 and expires ten years from the grant date.
In 2020, Mr. Collier also received $9,975 of 401(k) matching contributions.
Dr. Michael J. Sofia, Chief Scientific Officer
For fiscal 2020, Dr. Sofia’s annual base salary was $439,000 and his annual incentive cash target was 40% of his annual salary. In January 2021, Dr. Sofia’s annual base salary was increased to $452,100. In February 2021, Dr. Sofia received an annual incentive cash award of $188,770, which was equal to 43% of his annual salary for 2020, based on fiscal 2020 performance. In February 2020, Dr. Sofia received a stock option award exercisable for 250,000 shares with an aggregate grant date fair value of $605,458. The option vests and becomes exercisable 1/48th each month over the four-year vesting period, has an exercise price of $3.35 and expires ten years from the grant date. In 2020, Dr. Sofia also received $9,975 of 401(k) matching contributions.
Michael J. McElhaugh, Chief Business Officer
For fiscal 2020, Mr. McElhaugh’s annual base salary was $415,000 and his annual incentive cash target was 40% of his annual salary. In January 2021, Mr. McElhaugh’s annual base salary was increased to $425,400. In February 2021, Mr. McElhaugh received an annual incentive cash award of $178,450, which was equal to 43% of his annual salary for 2020, based on fiscal 2020 performance. In February 2020, Mr. McElhaugh received a stock option award exercisable for 200,000 shares with an aggregate grant date fair value of $484,366. The option vests and becomes exercisable 1/48th each month over the four-year vesting period, has an exercise price of $3.35 and expires ten years from the grant date. In 2020, Mr. McElhaugh also received $9,975 of 401(k) matching contributions.
Employment Agreements
William H. Collier
On June 13, 2019, we entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Collier (the “Collier Agreement”), which provides that Mr. Collier will be employed by Arbutus Biopharma Inc. (the “Subsidiary”), which is a subsidiary of Arbutus, and that his employment will continue until either the Subsidiary or Mr. Collier terminates Mr. Collier’s employment in accordance with the terms of the Collier Agreement.
Pursuant to the Collier Agreement, Mr. Collier is entitled to receive an annual base salary of $550,000, which will be reviewed at least annually and will be subject to increase (but not decrease) from time to time, as determined by our Board. In addition, pursuant to the Collier Agreement, Mr. Collier is eligible to receive an annual cash bonus, which is based on the achievement of individual and corporate performance objectives and other criteria as determined by our Board or a committee of our Board after consultation with Mr. Collier. Mr. Collier’s initial target annual bonus is 65% of his annual base salary. For calendar year 2019, Mr. Collier was eligible to earn at least a pro-rated annual bonus based on the corporate performance goals previously established by our Board with respect to calendar year 2019. The exact amount of the bonus payable to Mr. Collier for any calendar year during his employment with the Subsidiary will be determined by our Board or a committee thereof, in its sole discretion, and may be less than or greater than
 
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his target annual bonus. Under the Collier Agreement, Mr. Collier was also entitled to receive a one-time sign-on bonus in the amount of $100,000, payable in a cash lump sum within 30 days following his start date. If, prior to the one-year anniversary of his start date, Mr. Collier had terminated his employment other than for “Good Reason” ​(as such term is defined in the Collier Agreement) or death or disability, then Mr. Collier would have been required to repay the Subsidiary the total sum of the sign-on bonus paid to Mr. Collier pursuant to the Collier Agreement. Pursuant to the Collier Agreement, Mr. Collier is also entitled to participate in or receive benefits consistent with other senior executives under our or the Subsidiary’s employee benefit plans as they may be adopted and amended from time to time, subject to the terms and conditions of those employee benefit plans. If Mr. Collier’s employment is involuntarily terminated under certain circumstances, the Subsidiary would provide him with certain payments and benefits pursuant to the Collier Agreement, as described below under “Additional Narrative Disclosure — Termination and Change of Control Benefits.”
Dr. Michael J. Sofia
On July 11, 2015, the Subsidiary entered into an Executive Employment Agreement with Dr. Sofia (the “Sofia Agreement”). The Sofia Agreement provides that Dr. Sofia will receive an annual base salary of $350,000, subject to annual increases as determined by the Chief Executive Officer, and an annual target bonus equal to 40% of Dr. Sofia’s base salary. In addition, the Sofia Agreement provides that Dr. Sofia will be entitled to participate in or receive benefits under the Subsidiary’s employee benefit plans as they may be adopted and amended from time to time, subject to the terms and conditions of those employee benefit plans. If Dr. Sofia’s employment is involuntarily terminated under certain circumstances, the Subsidiary would provide him with certain payments and benefits pursuant to the Sofia Agreement, as described below under “Additional Narrative Disclosure — Termination and Change of Control Benefits.”
Michael J. McElhaugh
On July 10, 2015, the Subsidiary entered into an employment agreement with Mr. McElhaugh, as amended by the First Amendment to Executive Employment Agreement, dated April 20, 2016 and the Second Amendment to Executive Employment Agreement, dated December 11, 2018 (as amended, the “McElhaugh Agreement”), which provides that Mr. McElhaugh will be employed by the Subsidiary and that his employment will continue until either the Subsidiary or Mr. McElhaugh terminates Mr. McElhaugh’s employment in accordance with the terms of the McElhaugh Agreement.
Pursuant to the McElhaugh Agreement, Mr. McElhaugh is entitled to receive an annual base salary of $360,000, which will be reviewed annually and will be subject to increase (but not decrease, except for an across-the-board salary reduction affecting all senior executives of the Company) from time to time, as determined by our Board. In addition, pursuant to the McElhaugh Agreement, Mr. McElhaugh is eligible to be considered for an annual discretionary cash bonus of up to 40% of his annual base salary, which is based on the achievement of individual and corporate performance objectives and other criteria as determined by our Board in its sole discretion. Pursuant to the McElhaugh Agreement, Mr. McElhaugh is also entitled to participate in or receive benefits under our employee benefit plans as they may be adopted and amended from time to time, subject to the terms and conditions of those employee benefit plans. If Mr. McElhaugh’s employment is involuntarily terminated under certain circumstances, the Subsidiary would provide him with certain payments and benefits pursuant to the McElhaugh Agreement, as described below under “Additional Narrative Disclosure — Termination and Change of Control Benefits.”
 
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Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End 2020
The following table sets out all option awards, outstanding as of December 31, 2020, for each Named Executive Officer:
Option Awards(1)
Number of securities underlying
unexercised options (#)
Option
Exercise Price
(USD$)
Option
Expiration
Date(2)
Name
Exercisable
Unexercisable
William H. Collier
417,000 695,000 $ 2.18
June 24, 2029
76,476 290,611 $ 3.35
February 17, 2030
54,649 207,664 $ 3.35
May 28, 2030
70,000 $ 3.35
May 28, 2030
Michael J. Sofia, Ph.D.
100,000 $ 3.94
March 15, 2026
150,000 $ 3.15
March 24, 2027
106,667 53,333 $ 5.20
April 16, 2028
48,333 96,667 $ 4.57
March 1, 2029
52,083 197,917 $ 3.35
February 17, 2030
Michael J. McElhaugh
25,000 $ 3.15
March 24, 2027
27,512 13,756 $ 5.20
April 16, 2028
34,833 69,667 $ 4.57
March 1, 2029
41,667 158,333 $ 3.35
February 17, 2030
(1)
Options granted after February 5, 2014 through December 31, 2019 vested (or remain eligible to vest) in thirds on each of the first three anniversaries of their grant date. Options granted after January 1, 2020 vested (or remain eligible to vest) 1/48th each month over a four year period after the grant date.
(2)
Options expire 10 years after the grant date.
Additional Narrative Disclosure
Termination and Change of Control Benefits
William H. Collier
Under the Collier Agreement, termination of Mr. Collier’s employment by the Subsidiary without “Cause,” or by Mr. Collier for “Good Reason” ​(as such terms are defined in the Collier Agreement), would require the Subsidiary to pay severance to Mr. Collier. Upon any such termination, Mr. Collier would be entitled to receive (i) an amount equal to 18 months of Mr. Collier’s then current base salary, payable in a lump sum, (ii) a bonus payment equal to the lesser of (y) Mr. Collier’s target bonus pro-rated for the portion of the year he was employed by the Subsidiary prior to his termination or (z) the average of the bonus payments, if any, actually made to Mr. Collier with respect to the previous three calendar years preceding the date of his termination of employment, disregarding entirely any previous prorated bonus and any previous year for which he was paid no bonus, and pro-rated for the portion of the year he was employed by the Subsidiary prior to his termination, payable in a lump sum, (iii) provided that Mr. Collier timely elects COBRA continuation coverage for himself and his eligible dependents, reimbursement for the COBRA premiums paid by Mr. Collier, if any, for the continuation of coverage under his then-existing group company health plan that he and his dependents are eligible to receive for the earlier of a period of up to 18 months from the date of his termination, or until Mr. Collier becomes eligible to receive health insurance benefits under any other employer’s group health plan, and (iv) immediate vesting and exercisability on a pro-rata basis of his sign-on option, prorated at 1/48th of the total original number of Common Shares subject to the sign-on option for each completed month of service as of the date of his termination, with the vested portion of the sign-on option remaining exercisable until the earlier of the original expiration date of the
 
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sign-on option and the 90th day following the date of his termination of employment (or, if Mr. Collier dies during such 90-day period, the first anniversary of the date of his termination of employment).
If, within 12 months following a “Change of Control” ​(as such term is defined in the 2016 Plan), Mr. Collier is terminated other than for “Cause” or resigns for “Good Reason,” Mr. Collier would be entitled to receive (i) a lump cash sum in an amount equal to two times Mr. Collier’s then current base salary, (ii) a bonus payment equal to his target bonus pro-rated for the portion of the year he was employed by the Subsidiary prior to his termination, payable in a lump cash sum, (iii) provided that Mr. Collier timely elects COBRA continuation coverage for himself and his eligible dependents, reimbursement for the COBRA premiums paid by Mr. Collier, if any, for the continuation of coverage under his then-existing group company health plan that he and his dependents are eligible to receive for the earlier of a period of up to 18 months from the date of his termination, or until Mr. Collier becomes eligible to receive health insurance benefits under any other employer’s group health plan, and (iv) immediate acceleration and vesting of all of his unvested stock options and other stock-based awards granted on or after June 24, 2019 and held by Mr. Collier, with the vested portion of any such stock options remaining exercisable until the earlier of the original expiration date of the stock option and the ninetieth (90th) day following the date of Mr. Collier’s termination of employment (or, if Mr. Collier dies during such ninety (90) day period, the first anniversary of the date of his termination of employment).
Mr. Collier’s right to receive the severance payments and benefits described above under the Collier Agreement is conditioned upon his resignation from our Board upon his cessation of employment and execution and non-revocation of a general release of claims. The Collier Agreement also includes non-competition and non-solicitation provisions that, among other things, prohibit him from competing with the Subsidiary and soliciting the Subsidiary’s employees and customers during the term of his employment and for a specified time thereafter.
Dr. Michael J. Sofia
Pursuant to the Sofia Agreement, if Dr. Sofia’s employment is terminated by us without “Cause” or by Dr. Sofia due to “Good Reason” ​(as each such term is defined in the Sofia Agreement), he will receive a lump sum severance payment equal to one and one-half times his then current base salary. Dr. Sofia will also be entitled to reimbursement for any COBRA premiums paid by Dr. Sofia for a period of up to twenty-four months following termination. In addition, Dr. Sofia will receive a bonus payment equal to the average of the bonus payments, if any, made to Dr. Sofia over the previous three years prior to termination, prorated for the portion of the year during which he was employed.
In the event Dr. Sofia’s employment is terminated by us without Cause or by Dr. Sofia due to Good Reason, in each case within twelve months following a “Change of Control” ​(as defined in the Sofia Agreement), he will receive (i) a lump sum severance payment equal to two times his annual base salary and (ii) a bonus payment equal to Dr. Sofia’s target bonus prorated for the portion of the year during which he was employed. In addition, Dr. Sofia will be entitled to reimbursement for any COBRA premiums paid by Dr. Sofia for a period of up to twenty-four months following termination. In addition, all of Dr. Sofia’s outstanding stock options will immediately accelerate, vest, and become fully exercisable and nonforfeitable.
All severance payments will be made 60 days following such termination, provided that Dr. Sofia has executed and delivered to us a general release following his termination of employment. If Dr. Sofia’s employment with us terminates for any reason, he will receive any base salary earned but unpaid through the termination date in accordance with our normal payroll practices and any benefits accrued and due under applicable benefit plans and programs of ours and our affiliates. Dr. Sofia’s employment agreement contains typical restrictive covenant provisions, including non-competition restrictions, which apply during the term of his employment and for a period of eighteen months thereafter, and non-solicitation restrictions, which apply during the term of his employment and for a period of twelve months thereafter.
Michael J. McElhaugh
Pursuant to the McElhaugh Agreement, if Mr. McElhaugh’s employment is terminated by us without “Cause” or by Mr. McElhaugh due to “Good Reason” ​(as each such term is defined in the McElhaugh Agreement), he will receive a lump sum severance payment equal to one and one-half times his then current
 
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base salary. Mr. McElhaugh will also be entitled to reimbursement for any COBRA premiums paid by Mr. McElhaugh for a period of up to twenty-four months following termination. In addition, Mr. McElhaugh will receive a bonus payment equal to the average of the bonus payments, if any, made to Mr. McElhaugh over the previous three years prior to termination, prorated for the portion of the year during which he was employed.
In the event Mr. McElhaugh’s employment is terminated by us without Cause or by Mr. McElhaugh due to Good Reason, in each case within twelve months following a “Change of Control” ​(as defined in the McElhaugh Agreement), he will receive (i) a lump sum severance payment equal to two times his annual base salary and (ii) a bonus payment equal to Mr. McElhaugh’s target bonus prorated for the portion of the year during which he was employed. In addition, Mr. McElhaugh will be entitled to reimbursement for any COBRA premiums paid by Mr. McElhaugh for a period of up to twenty-four months following termination. In addition, all of Mr. McElhaugh’s outstanding stock options and other stock-based awards will immediately accelerate, vest, and become fully exercisable and nonforfeitable.
All severance payments will be made 60 days following such termination, provided that Mr. McElhaugh has executed and delivered to us a general release following his termination of employment. If Mr. McElhaugh’s employment with us terminates for any reason, he will receive any base salary earned but unpaid through the termination date in accordance with our normal payroll practices and any benefits accrued and due under applicable benefit plans and programs of ours and our affiliates. Mr. McElhaugh’s employment agreement contains typical restrictive covenant provisions, including non-competition restrictions, which apply during the term of his employment and for a period of eighteen months thereafter, and non-solicitation restrictions, which apply during the term of his employment and for a period of twelve months thereafter.
 
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DIRECTOR COMPENSATION
In order to align the interests of non-executive directors with the long-term interests of Shareholders, our Board has approved the non-executive directors’ participation in our equity compensation plans, as well as an annual cash retainer. Members of our management team receive no additional consideration for acting as directors.
Cash Compensation
Consistent with Radford’s recommendation, our Board adopted the following non-employee director compensation policy:

an annual cash retainer of $40,000 per annum for each non-executive director ($70,000 for the Chairman of our Board)

an additional $20,000 for the Chairman of our Audit Committee;

an additional $15,000 for the Chairman of our Compensation Committee;

an additional $10,000 for the Chairman of our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee;

an additional $10,000 for each member of our Audit Committee;

an additional $7,500 for each member of our Compensation Committee; and

an additional $5,000 for each member of our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee.
Our directors are also entitled to reimbursement for reasonable travel and lodging expenses for attending Board and Committee meetings.
Option Awards
New directors receive an initial equity grant of options to purchases 44,000 Common Shares and an annual equity grant of options to purchase 22,000 Common Shares. New appointment option grants vest one third at each of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd anniversaries of the grant date. Annual option grants vest immediately. We expect to issue an annual grant of options to each of our non-executive Board members following the Annual Meeting.
Mr. Collier did not receive any compensation for his service as a member of our Board during 2020. Mr. Collier’s compensation for service as an employee for 2020 is presented above in the “Executive Compensation — Summary Compensation Table” section of this Proxy Statement/Circular.
Director Compensation Table
The following table summarizes the compensation of our non-executive directors who served during fiscal 2020:
Fees Earned or
Paid in Cash
Option
Awards(1)(2)
All Other
Compensation
Total
Frank Torti, M.D.
$ 76,511 $ 37,008 $ 113,519
Daniel Burgess
$ 55,000 $ 37,008 $ 92,008
Richard C. Henriques
$ 67,500 $ 37,008 $ 104,508
Keith Manchester, M.D.
$ 50,000 $ 37,008 $ 87,008
James Meyers
$ 70,000 $ 37,008 $ 107,008
Andrew Cheng M.D., Ph.D.
$ 47,500 $ 37,008 $ 84,508
Myrtle Potter(3)
$ 6,264 $ 6,264
Eric Venker, MD, Pharm D.(4)
(1)
The amounts in this column represent the full grant date fair value for awards granted during 2020, all
 
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of which were in the form of stock options. The grant date fair value of the options was computed in accordance with ASC Topic 718, Compensation — Stock Compensation. These amounts do not necessarily correspond to the actual value that may be realized by the director in connection with his or her option awards. The assumptions made in valuing the option awards reported in this column are described in our audited consolidated financial statements (Note 14, Stock-based Compensation) included in our Annual Report.
(2)
The following table shows the aggregate number of shares underlying outstanding options held by our non-executive directors as of December 31, 2020:
Name
Outstanding Options
Frank Torti, M.D.
88,000
Daniel Burgess
138,000
Richard C. Henriques
118,000
Keith Manchester, M.D.
157,915
James Meyers
88,000
Andrew Cheng M.D., Ph.D.
82,000
Eric Venker, MD, Pharm D.
(3)
Ms. Potter resigned from the Board of Directors on February 18, 2020.
(4)
Mr. Venker has declined receiving compensation for his service.
SECURITIES AUTHORIZED FOR ISSUANCE UNDER EQUITY COMPENSATION PLANS
At our 2011 Annual General and Special Meeting of Shareholders, Shareholders approved the 2011 Omnibus Share Compensation Plan (the “2011 Plan”) and 273,889 Common Shares for issuance under the 2011 Plan. Our pre-existing 2007 Omnibus Compensation Plan (the “2007 Plan”) was limited to the granting of stock options as equity incentive awards, whereas the 2011 Plan also allows for the issuance of tandem stock appreciation rights, restricted stock units and deferred stock units. The 2011 Plan replaced the 2007 Plan. The 2007 Plan will continue to govern the options granted thereunder. No further options will be granted under the 2007 Plan, but any 2007 Plan options that are canceled or forfeited will be available for grant under the 2011 Plan. Since the 2011 Plan was approved, Shareholders have approved an additional 4,850,726 Common Shares for issuance under the 2011 Plan.
At the 2016 Annual General and Special Meeting, our Shareholders approved certain amendments to the 2011 Plan. There was an amendment to the 2011 Plan in order for certain awards to qualify as “performance-based compensation” under Section 162(m) of the Code by including an individual limit of Common Shares that may be issued to any one participant within any one year period equal to the lesser of: (i) 5% of the total number of our outstanding Common Shares on a non-diluted basis and; (ii) 2,500,000 Common Shares (subject to certain adjustment provisions under the 2011 Plan). However, the US Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which was enacted on December 22, 2017, eliminated the exemption from the $1.0 million deduction limitation for performance-based compensation. There were also amendments to address certain administrative matters as follows:
(a)
To change all references from “Tekmira Pharmaceuticals Corporation” to “Arbutus Biopharma Corporation”;
(b)
To restrict, with limited exceptions, the Compensation Committee’s power, without prior Shareholder approval, to effect any re-pricing of any previously granted “underwater” options or tandem stock appreciation rights;
(c)
To clarify the treatment of certain awards subject to Section 409A of the Code; and
(d)
To make certain conforming amendments to the 2011 Plan to reflect the above.
The above is a summary only, and is qualified in its entirety by the full text of the 2011 Plan, as amended.
 
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At the 2016 Annual General and Special Meeting, our Shareholders approved the 2016 Plan, which has been subsequently amended and supplemented and currently provides for the issuance of 8,000,000 Common Shares. The 2016 Plan is attached hereto as Annex A.
Since January 1996, the equivalent of 2,402,570 Common Shares have been issued pursuant to the exercise of options granted under our equity compensation plans (which represents approximately 2.5% of our issued and outstanding Common Shares), and as of April 7, 2021, there were 13,381,854 of our Common Shares subject to options outstanding under our equity compensation plans (which represents approximately 13.9% of our current issued and outstanding Common Shares). The number of our Common Shares remaining available for future grants as of April 7, 2021 was 383,441 (which represents approximately 0.4% of our issued and outstanding Common Shares).
Additional Shares Subject to Issue Under Historical Equity Compensation Plans
On March 4, 2015, as a condition of the acquisition of Arbutus Inc., we reserved 184,332 Common Shares (which represented approximately 0.001% of our issued and outstanding Common Shares as of April 7, 2021) for the exercise of up to 183,040 Arbutus Inc. share options (“Arbutus Inc. Options”). The shares reserved are equal to the same number of Common Shares that would have been received had the options been exercised at the time of the merger with Arbutus Inc. The Arbutus Inc. Options are not part of our 2016, 2011 or 2007 Plans and we are not permitted to grant any additional Arbutus Inc. stock options. As of April 7, 2021, 103,732 Arbutus Inc. Options had been exercised and Arbutus Inc. Options equating to 80,600 Common Shares remained outstanding. The outstanding Arbutus Inc. Options have an exercise price of US$0.56 and expire on dates ranging from November 12, 2024 to December 7, 2024.
Equity Compensation Plan Information
The following table sets forth information regarding our equity compensation plans as of December 31, 2020:
Plan category
Number of
securities
to be issued
upon exercise of
outstanding
options
(a)
Weighted-average
exercise price
of outstanding
options(1)
(b)
Number of
securities
remaining
available for
future issuance
under equity
compensation
plans (excluding
securities reflected
in column (a))
(c)
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders:
2011 and 2016 plans
9,477,176 $ 4.56 3,161,471(2)
Arbutus Inc. Options
80,600 $ 0.56
Equity compensation plans not approved by security
holders
1,112,000(3) $ 2.18
Total
10,669,776 $ 4.28 3,161,471
(1)
Options granted under the 2011 Plan up to March 3, 2015 have a Canadian dollar denominated exercise price. Options granted under the 2011 Plan after March 3, 2015 have a US dollar denominated exercise price. For options with exercise prices denominated in Canadian dollars, in order to calculate a weighted-average exercise price for the purpose of the table, exercise prices have been converted to US dollars using the December 31, 2020 Reuters closing exchange rate of 0.786.
(2)
The 2016 Plan and 2011 Plan had 3,035,021 shares and 126,450 shares, respectively, available for future issuance as of December 31, 2020.
(3)
Represents a grant of a stock option to Mr. Collier made outside the 2016 Plan or any other equity incentive plan as an inducement material to Mr. Collier’s entering into employment with us pursuant to Nasdaq Stock Market LLC Listing Rule 5635(c)(4).
 
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RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
Related Party Transactions Policy
Our Board has a written policy for reviewing and approving transactions between us and our related persons, including directors, director nominees, executive officers, 5% Shareholders and their immediate family members and affiliates. In determining whether to authorize, approve and/or ratify a related party transaction, our Audit Committee may use any process and review any information that it determines is reasonable in light of the circumstances in order to determine if such transaction is fair and reasonable and on terms no less favorable to us than could be obtained in a comparable arm’s length transaction with an unrelated third party.
All of the transactions described below under “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions” were entered into pursuant to this policy.
Certain Relationships Transactions and Related Party Transactions
The following includes a summary of transactions since January 1, 2019 to which we have been a party in which the amount involved exceeded or will exceed $120,000, and in which any of our directors, director nominees, executive officers or beneficial owners of more than 5% of our capital stock, or any members of their immediate family, had or will have a direct or indirect material interest, other than compensation arrangements that are described in the “Executive Compensation” and “Director Compensation” sections of this Proxy Statement/Circular.
Preferred Share Financing
On October 16, 2017, we closed the sale of 500,000 Preferred Shares to Roivant for gross proceeds of $50.0 million. A second financing of $66.4 million for 664,000 Preferred Shares closed on January 12, 2018, following receipt of the approval by our Shareholders on January 11, 2018. The Preferred Shares are non-voting and are convertible into Common Shares at a conversion price of $7.13 per share (which represents a 15% premium to the closing price of $6.20 per share on October 16, 2017). The purchase price for the Preferred Shares plus an amount equal to 8.75% per annum, compounded annually, will be subject to mandatory conversion into approximately 23 million Common Shares on October 18, 2021 (subject to limited exceptions in the event of certain fundamental corporate transactions relating to our capital structure or assets, which would permit earlier conversion at Roivant’s option). After conversion of the Preferred Shares into Common Shares, based on the number of Common Shares outstanding on March 31, 2021, Roivant would hold approximately 32% of our Common Shares. Roivant has agreed to a four year lock-up period for this investment and its existing holdings in us. Roivant has also agreed to a four year standstill whereby Roivant will not acquire greater than 49.99% of our Common Shares or securities convertible into Common Shares.
LNP Delivery Transaction
On April 11, 2018, we and Roivant entered into various agreements to launch Genevant Sciences Ltd. (“Genevant”), a jointly-owned company currently focused on partnering with other pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies to enable the development of nucleic acid therapeutics for unmet medical needs (the “LNP Delivery Transaction”).
In connection with the formation of Genevant, Arbutus, Roivant and Genevant entered into a Master Contribution and Share Subscription Agreement dated April 11, 2018, a Shareholders Agreement dated April 11, 2018, as subsequently amended and restated, and a Cross License Agreement dated April 11, 2018, as amended on June 27, 2018 (collectively, the “Principal Transaction Agreements”).
Under the terms of the Principal Transaction Agreements, among other things:
1.   We agreed to license to Genevant certain rights to our proprietary lipid nanoparticle and ligand conjugate delivery technologies (“Delivery Technologies”) to enable Genevant to develop products and pursue industry partnerships with a view to building a diverse pipeline of RNA-based therapeutics, apart from HBV applications to which we continue to hold exclusive rights. Under the
 
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Principal Transaction Agreements, we are entitled to receive tiered low single-digit royalties on future sales of Genevant products covered by the licensed patents. If Genevant sub-licenses the intellectual property licensed by us to Genevant, we are entitled to receive under the Principal Transaction Agreements, upon the commercialization of a product developed by such sub-licensee, the lesser of (i) twenty percent of the revenue received by Genevant for such sublicensing and (ii) tiered low single-digit royalties on product sales by the sublicensee.
2.   Roivant owned 22,500,000 common shares of Genevant, and we contributed certain exclusive rights to our delivery platforms to Genevant in exchange for 22,500,000 common shares of Genevant. As a result, as of April 11, 2018, each of Roivant and we owned 50% of the outstanding common shares of Genevant. As of June 1, 2018, Roivant contributed an additional $15 million to Genevant, in exchange for 9,375,000 common shares, bringing Roivant’s ownership in Genevant to 56.9%.
3.   We granted to Genevant a worldwide, exclusive (unless unavailable, then non-exclusive) and sublicensable license to our intellectual property relating to the Delivery Technologies (subject to certain use and field limitations), and Genevant granted to us a worldwide exclusive and sublicensable license to any intellectual property that is owned or licensed by Genevant for use by us in the field of HBV.
4.   Roivant agreed to contribute $37.5 million in transaction-related seed capital for Genevant, consisting of an initial $22.5 million investment and a subsequent investment of $15 million at a pre-determined, stepped-up valuation.
On July 31, 2020, Roivant recapitalized Genevant through an equity investment and conversion of previously issued convertible debt securities held by Roivant. We participated in the recapitalization of Genevant with an equity investment of $2.5 million. In connection with the recapitalization, the three parties entered into an Amended and Restated Shareholders Agreement that provides Roivant with substantial control of Genevant. We have a non-voting observer seat on Genevant’s Board of Directors. As of March 31, 2021, we owned approximately 16% of the outstanding common shares of Genevant.
Service Agreements
Genevant purchased certain administrative and transitional services from us totaling less than $0.1 million and $0.1 million during 2020 and 2019, respectively. In addition, Genevant had a sublease for 17,900 square feet in our Burnaby facility that expired on July 31, 2019. Sublease income, including management fee reimbursements, from Genevant was $0.2 million in 2019.
INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
Recent Change in Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
KPMG’s term expired at the 2019 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders (the “2019 Meeting”). On April 19, 2019, our Audit Committee approved the appointment of EY to serve as our independent registered accounting firm for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, subject to Shareholder approval at the 2019 Meeting. The appointment of EY to replace KPMG as our independent registered public accounting firm was due primarily to the relocation of our operations from our facility in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada to our facility in Warminster, Pennsylvania, United States, and not the result of any disagreements between us and KPMG on any matter of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure, or auditing scope or procedures.
The audit reports of KPMG on our consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 did not contain any adverse opinion or disclaimer of opinion, nor were they qualified or modified as to uncertainty, audit scope or accounting principles, except as follows:
KPMG’s report on our consolidated financial statements of as of and for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, contained a separate paragraph stating that “As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, we have changed our accounting policies for revenue recognition as of January 1, 2018 due to the adoption of ASC 606 — Revenue from Contracts with Customers.”
 
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During the two-year period ended December 31, 2018, and the subsequent interim period ended March 31, 2019, (i) there were no disagreements with KPMG on any matter of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure, or auditing scope or procedures, which disagreements, if not resolved to KPMG’s satisfaction, would have caused KPMG to make reference to the subject matter of the disagreements in their report on the financial statements for such fiscal year, and (ii) there were no “reportable events,” as that term is described in Item 304(a)(1)(v) of Regulation S-K.
We requested that KPMG furnish us with a letter addressed to the SEC stating whether it agrees with the above statements. A copy of the letter, dated April 23, 2019, is filed as an exhibit to a Current Report on Form 8-K that we filed with the SEC on April 23, 2019.
During the two most recent fiscal years preceding the expiration of KPMG’s appointment, neither we, nor anyone acting on our behalf, consulted with EY regarding either: (i) the application of accounting principles to a specified transaction, either completed or proposed, or the type of audit opinion that might be rendered on our consolidated financial statements, and no written report nor oral advice was provided that EY concluded was an important factor considered by us in reaching a decision as to the accounting, auditing or financial reporting issue; or (ii) any matter that was either the subject of a disagreement, as that term is defined in Item 304(a)(1)(iv) of Regulation S-K, or a reportable event, as that term is defined in Item 304(a)(1)(v) of Regulation S-K.
Fees Paid to Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
The following table sets forth all fees paid or accrued by us for professional services rendered by EY during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:
2020
2019
Audit Fees(1)
$ 652,500 $ 647,500
Audit-Related Fees
Tax Fees(2)
All Other Fees
Total
$ 652,500 $ 647,500
(1)
Annual audit, quarterly reviews, internal controls, consents, comfort letters, and review of prospectus.
(2)
Tax compliance and tax advisory services.
Audit Committee Pre-Approval Policies and Procedures
Our Audit Committee charter provides that our Audit Committee will pre-approve all audit services and non-audit services to be provided by our independent registered public accounting firm before it is engaged to render these services. The Audit Committee may consult with management in the decision-making process but may not delegate this authority to management. The Audit Committee may delegate, and has in the past delegated, its authority to pre-approve services to one or more Committee members provided that the designees present the pre-approvals to the full Committee at the next Committee meeting. In 2020 and 2019, all audit and non-audit services performed by our independent registered public accounting firm were pre-approved by our Audit Committee to assure that such services do not impair the independent registered public accounting firm’s independence from us.
REPORT OF THE AUDIT COMMITTEE OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS
The Audit Committee assists our Board in overseeing and monitoring our accounting, financial reporting and internal audit processes and the external audit of our financial statements. The Audit Committee operates pursuant to a written charter that is available on the “Investors — Corporate Governance” section of our website at www.arbutusbio.com.
Our management is responsible for preparing our consolidated financial statements and ensuring they are complete and accurate and prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. EY,
 
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our independent registered public accounting firm for 2020, was responsible for performing an independent audit of our consolidated financial statements and expressing an opinion on the conformity of those financial statements with generally accepted accounting principles. The Audit Committee is responsible for assisting our Board in overseeing the conduct of these activities by management and the independent registered public accounting firm. In fulfilling its oversight responsibilities with respect to our audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020, our Audit Committee took the following actions:

reviewed and discussed with management our audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020;

discussed with EY the matters required to be discussed by the applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (the “PCAOB”) and the SEC;

discussed with EY their independence, and received from EY the written disclosures and the letter required by the applicable requirements of the PCAOB regarding EY’s communications with us concerning independence; and

discussed with EY, with and without management present, the scope and results of EY’s audit of the financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020, including a discussion of the quality, not just acceptability, of the accounting principles applied, the reasonableness of significant judgments and the clarity of disclosures in the consolidated financial statements.
Based on these reviews and discussions, the Audit Committee recommended to our Board that such audited consolidated financial statements be included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 for filing with the SEC.
Respectfully submitted,
MEMBERS OF THE AUDIT COMMITTEE
Richard C. Henriques (Chair)
Daniel Burgess
James Meyers
 
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ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Availability of Annual Report on Form 10-K
A copy of our 2021 Annual Report to Shareholders, consisting of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, has been made available or mailed concurrently with this Proxy Statement/Circular, without charge, to Shareholders entitled to notice of and to vote at the Annual Meeting, provided that we have not included the exhibits to the Form 10-K. We will provide copies of the exhibits to the Form 10-K upon request by eligible Shareholders, provided that we may impose a reasonable fee for providing such exhibits, which is limited to our reasonable expenses. Requests for copies of such exhibits should be mailed to Corporate Secretary, 701 Veterans Circle, Warminster Pennsylvania 18974, United States.
Interest of Certain Persons or Companies in Matters to be Acted Upon
Excluding the Preferred Shares, Roivant is the beneficial owner of 16.6% of our issued and outstanding Common Shares. Assuming no changes to our capital structure, following the conversion of the 1,164,000 Preferred Shares issued in connection with the Underlying Common Shares, Roivant would own approximately 32% of our issued and outstanding Common Shares. Drs. Torti, Manchester and Venker were nominated by Roivant to serve on our Board pursuant to the Governance Agreement. As of the date hereof, Dr. Torti serves as the Vant Chair for RSI, Dr. Manchester is a director of Roivant and Dr. Venker serves as President and Chief Operating Officer of RSI. The foregoing disclosure in this paragraph is based upon information supplied by the named directors and executive officers.
Interests of Informed Persons in Material Transactions
Roivant is an “informed person” ​(as defined in National Instrument 51-102 — Continuous Disclosure Obligations) as a result of beneficially owning more than 10% of the voting rights attached to our issued and outstanding Common Shares. Drs. Torti, Manchester and Venker were nominated by Roivant to serve on our Board pursuant to the Governance Agreement. As of the date hereof, Dr. Torti serves as the Vant Chair for RSI, Dr. Manchester is a director of Roivant and Dr. Venker serves as the President and Chief Operating Officer of RSI. Each of Drs. Torti, Manchester and Venker is an “informed person” ​(as defined in National Instrument 51-102 — Continuous Disclosure Obligations) of ours by virtue of being a director on our Board.
Roivant had a material interest in the LNP Delivery Transaction. The material terms of the LNP Delivery Transaction and Roivant’s interests therein are described under the heading “LNP Delivery Transaction.”
The address of Roivant is Suite 1, 3rd Floor, 11-12 St. James’s Square, London, SW1Y 4LB, United Kingdom. The foregoing disclosure in this paragraph is based upon information supplied by the named directors and executive officers.
To our knowledge, no “informed person” ​(as defined in National Instrument 51-102 — Continuous Disclosure Obligations) or any associate or affiliate of any such informed person had any material interest, direct or indirect, in any transaction or proposed transaction which has materially affected or would materially affect us or any of our subsidiaries since the beginning of the most recently completed financial year, other than as set out herein.
Management Contracts
There are no management functions of ours which are performed by an individual or company other than our directors or executive officers or one of our subsidiaries.
Additional Information
Additional information relating to us, including our most current Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, our consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, together with the report of the independent registered public accounting firm thereon and management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations for fiscal 2020
 
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which provide financial information concerning us can be found on the Canadian Securities Administrators’ System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval (SEDAR) at www.sedar.com or on the website of the SEC at www.sec.gov. Copies of those documents, as well as any additional copies of this Proxy Statement/Circular, are available at no cost upon written request to the Corporate Secretary, 701 Veterans Circle, Warminster, Pennsylvania 18974, United States. Additionally, the reports and other information filed by us with the SEC can be found on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.
DELIVERY OF PROXY MATERIALS TO HOUSEHOLDS
SEC rules allow us to deliver a single copy of our Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials and, as applicable, a printed version of our proxy materials to any household at which two or more Shareholders reside. We believe this rule benefits everyone. It eliminates duplicate mailings that Shareholders living at the same address receive, and it reduces our printing and mailing costs. This rule applies to any annual reports, proxy statements/circulars, proxy statements combined with a prospectus and information statements.
If your household would like to receive single rather than duplicate mailings in the future, or you received duplicate mailings and would like to receive a singular mailing for your household, and you are a registered Shareholder, please write to AST Trust Company (Canada), PO Box 700, Station B, Montreal, PQ, H3B 3K3, call 800-387-0825 (in North America); 416-682-3860 (outside of North America), or email inquiries@astfinancial.com. If an Intermediary holds your shares, you may continue to receive some duplicate mailings. Certain Intermediaries will eliminate duplicate account mailings by allowing Shareholders to consent to such elimination, or through implied consent if a Shareholder does not request continuation of duplicate mailings. Since not all Intermediaries and nominees offer Shareholders the opportunity to eliminate duplicate mailings, you may need to contact your Intermediary directly to discontinue duplicate mailings from your Intermediary to your household.
NOTICE TO SHAREHOLDERS IN THE UNITED STATES
The solicitation of proxies involve securities of an issuer located in Canada and are being effected in accordance with the corporate laws of the Province of British Columbia, Canada and securities laws of the provinces of Canada.
The enforcement by Shareholders of civil liabilities under United States federal securities laws may be affected adversely by the fact that we are incorporated under the BCBCA. Shareholders may not be able to sue a foreign company in a foreign court for violations of United States federal securities laws. It may be difficult to compel a foreign company to subject itself to a judgment by a United States court.
SOLICITATION OF PROXIES
We pay for preparing, printing and mailing this Proxy Statement/Circular. Our directors, executive officers and employees may, without additional compensation, solicit proxies in person or by e-mail, telephone, fax or special letter. We will reimburse banks, brokers and other custodians, nominees and fiduciaries for their costs of sending the proxy materials to our beneficial Shareholders.
APPROVAL OF MANAGEMENT PROXY CIRCULAR AND PROXY STATEMENT
The contents and mailing to Shareholders of this Proxy Statement/Circular have been approved by our Board.
[MISSING IMAGE: sg_franktorti-bw.jpg]
Frank Torti, M.D., Chairman of the Board of Directors
April 8, 2021
 
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EXHIBIT A
MANDATE OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS
This Mandate of the Board of Directors (the “Board”) of Arbutus Biopharma Corporation (the “Company”) outlines the responsibilities of the Company’s Board, and identifies the personal and professional conduct expected of its directors.
GENERAL BOARD RESPONSIBILITIES
It is the responsibility of the Board to oversee the direction and management of the Company in accordance with the Company’s Articles, the Business Corporations Act (British Columbia) (the “BCBCA”), and the applicable requirements of such securities exchange or quotation system or regulatory agency as may from time to time apply to the Company, the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, and the rules and regulations of the Canadian provincial and federal securities regulatory authorities, in all cases as may be modified or supplemented (collectively referred to herein as the “Rules”), while adhering to the highest ethical standards. Specific tasks and actions of the Board in fulfilling these general responsibilities are as follows:
Strategic Planning & Budgets

Meet at least annually to review the Company’s strategic business plan proposed by management, which takes into account, among other things, the opportunities and risks of the Company’s business, and includes a statement of the Company’s vision, mission and values, and to adopt such a plan with such changes as the Board deems appropriate.

Review the Company’s corporate objectives, financial plans and budgets proposed by management and adopt the same with such changes as the Board deems appropriate.

In connection with such reviews, the Board shall seek to provide a balance of long-term versus short-term orientation towards the Company’s vision, mission and values.
Review of Corporate Performance

Review the Company’s performance against strategic plans, corporate objectives, financial plans and budgets.
Chair of the Board

Appoint a Chair of the Board and review annually the Position Description for the Chairman.
Lead Director

If the Chair of the Board is not independent under the Rules, consider, if determined appropriate, appointing a Lead Director and, if applicable, prepare and review annually the Position Description for the Lead Director.
Executive Officers

Approve the hiring of executive officers.

Evaluate the integrity of the Chief Executive Officer and other executive officers, and direct the Chief Executive Officer and other executive officers to promote a culture of integrity throughout the Company.

Establish, and review annually, the Position Description for the Chief Executive Officer, and the job descriptions for the executive officers, as deemed necessary.

Evaluate executive officers’ performance and replace executive officers where necessary.

Consider succession planning and the appointment, training and monitoring of executive officers, including any recommendations from the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee.
 
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Confirm with management that all executive officers have current employment, non-competition and confidentiality agreements.

Review major Company organizational and staffing issues.
Corporate Disclosure

Review annually the Company’s Corporate Disclosure Policy and evaluate Company compliance with the policy, including general communications with analysts, investors and other key stakeholders.
Systems Integrity

Confirm with the Audit Committee that it has reviewed and discussed the adequacy of the Company’s internal financial reporting controls and management information systems.

Review, adopt and confirm distribution to appropriate personnel of the Company’s Code of Business Conduct for Directors, Officers and Employees and other governing policies, as applicable. Review and evaluate, as deemed necessary, whether the Company and its executive officers conduct themselves in an ethical manner and in compliance with the applicable Rules, audit and accounting principles and the Company’s own governing policies.

Provide for free and full access by the Board to management regarding all matters of compliance and performance.
Material Transactions

Review and approve any material transactions outside of the corporate budget.
 
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BOARD STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
Composition of the Board of Directors and Independence

Ensure that the majority of directors are independent pursuant to the Rules.
Annual Disclosure of Director Independence

Publicly disclose in the Company’s annual proxy statement, information circular or other regulatory filing conclusions as to the independence of the directors as required by the Rules.
Meetings of Independent Directors

Ensure that independent directors (as determined under the Rules) have regularly scheduled meetings at which only independent directors are present.
Board Assessment

Review and discuss the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee’s annual assessment of the performance of the Board, including Board committees.
Outside Advisors for Directors

Ensure that the Board and each committee of the Board are permitted to engage outside advisors at the Company’s expense as they deem appropriate.
Director Succession

Ensure, as deemed appropriate, that there is a succession plan for directors.
Compensation of Non-Employee Directors

Annually review and approve the compensation to be paid to independent directors as recommended by the Compensation Committee.
Review of Board Materials, Attendance at Meetings, etc.

Advise Board members to review available Board meeting materials in advance, attend an appropriate number of Board meetings and committee meetings, as applicable, and devote the necessary time and attention to effectively carry out the Board’s responsibilities.
Perform other Functions Prescribed by the Articles, the BCBCA and the Rules

Perform such other functions as prescribed by the Company’s Articles, the BCBCA and the Rules
Audit Committee

Delegate general responsibility to the Audit Committee those matters outlined in the Charter of the Audit Committee, which may include, among other things:

overseeing and evaluating the performance, and assessing the qualifications, of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firms and recommending to the Board the nomination and if applicable, the replacement of, and compensation to be paid to, the independent registered public accounting firms for the purpose of preparing or issuing an auditor’s report or performing other audit, review or attest services;

subject to the appointment of the independent registered public accounting firms by the Company’s Shareholders, determining and approving the engagement of, prior to the commencement of such engagement, and compensation to be paid to, the independent registered public accounting firms to perform all proposed audit, review or attest services;

determining and approving the engagement of, prior to the commencement of such engagement, and compensation to be paid to, the independent registered public accounting firms to perform any proposed permissible non-audit services;
 
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reviewing the Company’s financial statements and management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations and recommending to the Board whether or not such financial statements and management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be approved by the Board;

reviewing and discussing with management, the Board and the independent registered public accounting firms, as appropriate, the Company’s guidelines and policies with respect to risk assessment and risk management and any certain and specific risks to the Company, and ensuring the implementation of appropriate systems to manage such risks, and the Audit Committee shall have the authority to delegate such responsibilities to another committee of the Board;

conferring with the independent registered public accounting firms and with management regarding the scope, adequacy and effectiveness of internal financial reporting controls in effect;

establishing procedures for the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints received by the Company regarding accounting, internal accounting controls or auditing matters and the confidential and anonymous submission by the Company’s employees of concerns regarding questionable accounting or auditing matters, and reviewing such procedures annually;

reviewing and discussing with the independent registered public accounting firms and management any legal matters, tax assessments, and any other matters which raise material issues regarding the Company’s financial statements or accounting policies and the manner in which these matters have been disclosed in the Company’s public filings;
all as more specifically set out in the Charter of the Audit Committee.

Appoint Board members to fill any vacancy in the Audit Committee.

Ensure that all members of the Audit Committee are:

independent under the Rules;

financially literate such that he or she has the ability to read and understand a set of financial statements that present a breadth and level of complexity of accounting issues that are generally comparable to the breadth and complexity of the issues that can reasonably be expected to be raised by the Company’s financial statements; and

compliant with any other requirements under the Rules.

Promote that, whenever possible, the Audit Committee have one member who is an audit committee financial expert as is currently defined under the Rules.

Review annually the Charter of the Audit Committee and suggest changes to its charter as the committee deems appropriate for consideration by the Board.
Executive Compensation and Human Resources Committee

Delegate general responsibility to the Executive Compensation and Human Resources Committee (the “Compensation Committee”) those matters outlined in the Charter of the Executive Compensation and Human Resources Committee, which may include, among other things:

reviewing and recommending to the Board the salary, bonus, equity compensation and any other compensation and terms of employment of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, with consideration given to the corporate goals and objectives of the Company relevant thereto;

reviewing and recommending to the Board the salary levels, bonus plans and structures and payments thereunder and other forms of compensation policies, plans and programs for other executive officers of the Company;

reviewing and recommending to the Board the Company’s overall compensation plans and structure, including without limitation incentive-compensation and equity-based plans;

reviewing and recommending to the Board the compensation to be paid to independent Board members, including any retainer, Committee and Committee chair fees and/or equity compensation;
 
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overseeing an evaluation of management succession planning;
all as more specifically set out in the Charter of the Compensation Committee

Appoint Board members to fill any vacancy in the Compensation Committee.

Ensure that all members of the Compensation Committee are independent under the Rules.

Review annually the Charter of the Executive Compensation and Human Resources Committee and suggest changes to its charter as the committee deems appropriate for consideration by the Board.
Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee

Delegate general responsibility to the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee those matters outlined in the Charter of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, which may include, among other things:

establishing criteria for Board membership and identifying, evaluating, reviewing and recommending qualified candidates to serve on the Board;

reviewing and assessing the performance of the Board, including Board committees, seeking input from management, the Board and others;

providing continuing education opportunities for Board members;

the annual evaluation of the Board;

developing and periodically reviewing a set of corporate governance principles for the Company;
all as more specifically set out in the Charter of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee.

Appoint Board members to fill any vacancy in the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee.

Ensure that all members of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee are independent under the Rules.

Review annually the Charter of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee and suggest changes to its charter as the committee deems appropriate for consideration by the Board.
Amendments to this Mandate of the Board of Directors

Annually review this Mandate and propose amendments to be ratified by the Board.
 
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PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF BOARD MEMBERS
The following characteristics and traits outline the framework for the recruitment and selection of Board nominees:
Leadership and Experience

Nominees must demonstrate exceptional leadership traits and a high level of achievement in their personal and professional lives that reflects high standards of personal and professional conduct.
Contribution

Nominees must demonstrate their capacity to contribute the requisite skills, resources and time necessary to effectively fulfill their duties as a Board member.
Conduct and Accountability

Nominees must demonstrate the highest ethical standards and conduct in their personal and professional lives, and make and be accountable for their decisions in their capacity as Board members.
Judgment

Nominees must demonstrate a capacity to provide sound advice on a broad range of industry and community issues.

Nominees must have or develop a broad knowledge base of the Company’s industry in order to understand the basis from which corporate strategies are developed and business plans produced.

Nominees must be able to provide a mature and useful perspective as to the business plan, strategy, risks and objectives of the Company.
Teamwork

Nominees must demonstrate that they will put Board and Company performance ahead of individual achievements.
Communication

Nominees must demonstrate a willingness to listen as well as to communicate their opinions openly and in a respectful manner.
 
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EXHIBIT B
CHARTER OF THE AUDIT COMMITTEE OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS
I.   Purpose
The purpose of the Audit Committee (the “Committee”) of the Board of Directors (the “Board”) of Arbutus Biopharma Corporation (the “Company”) shall be to act on behalf of the Board in fulfilling the Board’s oversight responsibilities with respect to: (i) the Company’s corporate accounting, financial reporting practices and audits of financial statements, (ii) the Company’s systems of internal accounting and financial controls; (iii) the quality and integrity of the Company’s financial statements and reports; and (iv) the qualifications, independence and performance of any firm or firms of certified public accountants or independent chartered accountants engaged as the Company’s outside auditors (the “Auditors”).
II.   Composition and Meetings
A.   Composition.   The Committee shall consist of at least three members of the Board, all of whom shall be non-executive directors of the Company and free of any relationship that, in the opinion of the Board, would interfere with their exercise of independent judgment as a member of the Committee. Each member shall meet the independence and financial literacy and experience requirements of all applicable laws and of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC, Rule 10A-3 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and similar requirements of such other securities exchange or quotation system or regulatory agency as may from time to time apply to the Company, including the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), the rules and regulations of the Canadian provincial and federal securities regulatory, in all cases as may be modified or supplemented (collectively, the “Rules”), subject to any exceptions or exemptions permitted by the Rules. Each member shall meet such other qualifications for membership on an audit committee as are established from time to time by the Rules. At least one member shall, unless the Board determines otherwise, be an audit committee financial expert as defined by the rules of the SEC. At least one member shall have past employment experience in finance or accounting, requisite professional certification in accounting, or other comparable experience or background that results in the member’s financial sophistication, including being or having been a chief executive officer, chief financial officer or other senior officer with financial oversight responsibilities. No member shall have participated in the preparation of the financial statements of the Company or any subsidiary of the Company at any time during the past three years. The members of the Committee shall be appointed by and serve at the discretion of the Board. Vacancies occurring on the Committee shall be filled by the Board. The Committee’s Chair shall be designated by the Board, or if it does not do so, the Committee members shall elect a Chair by vote of a majority of the full Committee.
Committee members shall not simultaneously serve on the audit committees of more than two other public companies (in addition to the Committee) without the approval of the full Board.
B.   Meetings.   The Committee will hold at least four regular meetings per year and additional meetings as the Committee deems appropriate. Meetings will be conducted, in whole or in part, without the presence of members of management. Meetings may be called by the Chair of the Committee, a majority of the members of the Committee or the Chair of the Board. Meetings may also be convened at the request of the Auditors where, as determined by the Auditors, certain matters should be brought to the attention of the Committee, the Board or the Company’s shareholders. If the Chair is not present at a meeting of the Committee, the members present at the meeting shall designate one member as the acting Chair for that meeting.
III.   Minutes and Reports
Minutes of each meeting will be kept and distributed to each member of the Committee, members of the Board who are not members of the Committee and the Secretary of the Company. The Chair of the Committee will report to the Board from time to time, or whenever so requested by the Board.
 
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IV.   Authority
The Committee shall have full access to all books, records, facilities and personnel of the Company as deemed necessary or appropriate by any member of the Committee to discharge his or her responsibilities hereunder.
The Committee shall have authority to retain, and set and pay the compensation for, at the Company’s expense, advice and assistance from internal and external legal, accounting or other advisors or consultants as it deems necessary or appropriate in the performance of its duties. The Company shall make available to the Committee all funding necessary or appropriate for the Committee to carry out its duties, as determined by the Committee, for payment of (i) compensation to any independent registered public accounting firm engaged for the purpose of preparing or issuing an audit report or performing other audit, review or attest services for the Company; (ii) compensation to any advisors employed by the Committee; and (iii) ordinary administrative expenses of the Committee. The Committee shall have authority to require that any of the Company’s personnel, counsel, the Auditors or investment bankers, or any other consultant or advisor to the Company attend any meeting of the Committee or meet with any member of the Committee or any of its special legal, accounting or other advisors and consultants. The Committee may form and delegate authority to sub-committees as appropriate to the extent permitted by applicable law, the Rules and any applicable resolutions of the Board.
V.   Responsibilities
The operation of the Committee shall be subject to and in compliance with the provisions of the articles of the Company and the Rules, each as in effect from time to time, subject to any permitted exceptions or exemptions thereunder. Any action by the Board with respect to any of the matters set forth below shall not be deemed to limit or restrict the authority of the Committee to act under this Charter, unless the Board specifically limits such authority.
The Auditors shall report directly to the Committee. The Committee shall oversee the Company’s financial reporting process on behalf of the Board.
To implement the Committee’s purpose, the Committee shall, to the extent the Committee deems necessary or appropriate, be charged with the following duties and responsibilities. The Committee may supplement and, except as otherwise required by the Rules, deviate from these activities as appropriate under the circumstances:
1.   Oversight, Evaluation and Recommendation to the Board.   The Committee shall be directly responsible for the appointment, compensation, retention and oversight of the work of the Auditors engaged for the purpose of preparing or issuing an auditor’s report or performing other audit, review or attest services for the Company. The Committee shall evaluate the performance of the Auditors, assess their qualifications (including their internal quality-control procedures and any material issues raised by the Auditors’ most recent internal quality-control or peer review or any investigations or inspections by regulatory authorities, including the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board) and report to the Board: (a) the Auditors to be appointed by the Committee for the purpose of preparing or issuing an auditor’s report or performing other audit, review or attest services for the Company; (b) replacement of the Auditors, if necessary, as so determined by the Committee; and (c) the compensation of the Auditors, as so determined by the Committee. The Auditors shall report directly to the Committee.
2.   Approval of Audit Engagements.   Subject to applicable corporate law as to the appointment formalities of the Auditors, the Committee shall determine and approve engagements of the Auditors, prior to commencement of such engagement, to perform all proposed audit, review and attest services, including the scope of and plans for the audit(s), and the compensation to be paid to the Auditors, which approval may be pursuant to pre-approval policies and procedures, including the delegation of pre-approval authority to one or more Committee members so long as any such pre-approval decisions are presented to the full Committee at the next scheduled meeting.
3.   Approval of Non-Audit Services.   The Committee shall determine and approve engagements of the Auditors, prior to commencement of such engagement (unless in compliance with exceptions or exemptions available under applicable laws and rules related to immaterial aggregate amounts of
 
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services), to perform any proposed permissible non-audit services, including the scope of the service and the compensation to be paid therefore, which approval may be pursuant to pre-approval policies and procedures established by the Committee consistent with the Rules, including the delegation of pre-approval authority to one or more Committee members so long as any such pre-approval decisions are presented to the full Committee at the next scheduled meeting.
4.   Audit Partner Rotation.   The Committee shall monitor and ensure the rotation of the partners of the Auditors on the Company’s audit engagement team as required by applicable laws and rules.
5.   Hiring Practices.   The Committee shall review and approve the Company’s hiring practices regarding partners, employees and former partners and employees of the present and former Auditors. The Committee shall ensure that no individual who is, or in the past 12 months has been, affiliated with or employed by a present or former Auditor or an affiliate, is hired by the Company as a senior officer until at least 12 months after the end of either the affiliation or the auditing relationship.
6.   Auditor Conflicts.   At least annually, the Committee shall receive and review written statements from the Auditors delineating all relationships between the Auditors and the Company, shall consider and discuss with the Auditors any disclosed relationships and any compensation or services that could affect the Auditors’ objectivity and independence, and shall assess and otherwise take appropriate action to oversee the independence of the Auditors. In particular, the Committee shall receive at least annually the written disclosure and letter from the Auditors required under applicable auditor rules regarding the Auditors’ communications with the Committee regarding independence, and shall discuss the independence of the Auditors with the Auditors.
7.   Audited Financial Statement Review.   The Committee shall review, upon completion of the audit, the Company’s financial statements, including the related notes and the management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations, prior to the same being publicly disclosed, and shall recommend whether or not such financial statements and management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be approved by the Board and whether the financial statements should be included in the Company’s annual report.
8.   Annual Audit Results.   The Committee shall discuss with management and the Auditors the results of the annual audit, including the Auditors’ assessment of the quality, not just acceptability, of accounting principles, the reasonableness of significant judgments and estimates (including material changes in estimates), any material audit adjustments proposed by the Auditors and immaterial adjustments not recorded, any critical accounting matters proposed by the Auditors, the adequacy of the disclosures in the financial statements and any other matters required to be communicated to the Committee by the Auditors under promulgated auditing standards.
9.   Quarterly Results.   The Committee shall discuss with management and the Auditors the results of the Auditors’ review of the Company’s quarterly financial statements, including the related notes and the management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations prior to the same being filed with applicable regulatory authorities, any material adjustments proposed by the Auditors and immaterial adjustments not recorded, the adequacy of the disclosures in the financial statements and any other matters required to be communicated to the Committee by the Auditors under promulgated auditing standards and shall recommend whether or not such financial statements and management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be approved by the Board or, if such power is delegated by the Board, approve such quarterly financial statements on behalf of the Board.
10.   Annual and Interim Financial Press Releases.   The Committee shall review with management annual and interim financial press releases before the Company publicly discloses this information.
11.   Financial Information Extracted From Financial Statements.   The Committee shall ensure that adequate procedures are in place for review of the Company’s public disclosure of financial information extracted or derived from the Company’s financial statements (for clarity, financial information other than the Company’s financial statements and management’s discussion and analysis
 
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of financial condition and results of operations referred to in Section 7 and annual and interim earnings press releases referred to in Section 10) and the Committee shall periodically assess the adequacy of those procedures.
12.   Accounting Principles and Policies.   The Committee shall review with management and the Auditors significant issues that arise regarding accounting principles and financial statement presentation, including, without limitation, quarterly reports from the Auditors on: (a) critical accounting policies and practices to be used; (b) all alternative treatments of financial information within United States GAAP that have been discussed with management, ramifications of the use of such alternative disclosures and treatments, and the treatment preferred by the Auditors; (c) other material written communications between the Auditors and management, such as any management letter or schedule of unadjusted differences; and (d) other material items discussed with management and any other significant reporting issues and judgments.
13.   Management Cooperation with Audit.   The Committee shall review and discuss with the Auditors the matters required to be discussed by Statement on Auditing Standards No. 114 relating to the conduct of the audit, including any significant difficulties encountered in the course of the audit work, any restrictions on the scope of its activities or access to requested records, data and information, significant disagreements with management, and management’s response, if any.
14.   Management Letters.   The Committee shall review with the Auditors and, if appropriate, management, any management or internal control letters issued or, to the extent practicable, proposed to be issued by the Auditors and management’s response, if any, to such letters, as well as any additional material written communications between the Auditors and management.
15.   Disagreements Between Auditors and Management.   The Committee shall review with the Auditors and management, and shall be directly responsible for the resolution of, any conflicts or disagreements between management and the Auditors regarding financial reporting, accounting practices or policies.
16.   Internal Financial Reporting Controls.   The Committee shall confer with the Auditors and with the management of the Company regarding the scope, adequacy and effectiveness of internal financial reporting controls in effect including any special audit steps taken in the event of material control deficiencies. The Committee shall review with the Auditors and with the management of the Company the progress and findings of their efforts related to any documentation, assessment and testing of internal financial reporting controls required to comply with the Rules, including, without limitation, Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
17.   Separate Sessions.   At least once each fiscal quarter, the Committee shall meet in separate sessions with the Auditors and management to discuss any matters that the Committee, the Auditors or management believe should be discussed privately with the Committee.
18.   Complaint Procedures.   The Committee shall establish procedures for the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints received by the Company regarding accounting, internal accounting controls or auditing matters and the confidential and anonymous submission by employees of concerns regarding questionable accounting or auditing matters. Such procedures shall be reviewed annually by the Committee and any suggested changes shall be submitted to the Board for its approval.
19.   Regulatory and Accounting Initiatives.   The Committee shall review with counsel, the Auditors and management, as appropriate, any significant regulatory or other legal or accounting initiatives or matters that may have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements, compliance programs and policies if, in the judgment of the Committee, such review is necessary or appropriate.
20.   Material Issues Regarding Financial Statements or Accounting Policies.   The Committee shall review with the Auditors and management any legal matters, tax assessments, correspondence with regulators or Governmental agencies and any employee complaints or published reports that raise material issues regarding the Company’s financial statements or accounting policies and the manner in which these matters have been disclosed in public filings, if applicable.
 
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21.   Correction of Financial Statements.   The Committee shall review with Auditors and management management’s process for identifying, communicating and correcting misstatements, understanding management tolerance for unadjusted misstatements, and assess the effect of corrected and uncorrected misstatements, if any, on the Company’s financial statements.
22.   Officer’s Certifications Regarding Financial Statements.   The Committee shall receive and review the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer certifications of quarterly and annual financial statements.
23.   Related Party Transactions.   The Committee shall review, oversee and approve, in advance, related-party transactions and review other issues arising under the Company’s Code of Business Conduct for Directors, Officers and Employees or similar policies.
24.   Investigations.   The Committee shall investigate any matter brought to the attention of the Committee within the scope of its duties if, in the judgment of the Committee, such investigation is necessary or appropriate.
25.   Legal Matters.   The Committee shall review with the Company’s external counsel and/or internal legal personnel any legal matters that may have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements, compliance policies or internal accounting or financial reporting controls and shall review any material reports or inquiries received from securities regulatory authorities, any securities exchange or quotation system or any other governmental agency.
26.   Code of Business Conduct.   The Committee shall ensure that the Company has a published code of business conduct that covers financial matters, and shall monitor the application of the code of business conduct. Any waivers from the code of business conduct that are granted for the benefit of the Company’s Board members or executive officers should be granted by the Board or the Committee only.
27.   Proxy Report.   The Committee shall prepare any report or other disclosure required by the Rules to be prepared by it and included in the Company’s annual proxy statement, information circular or other regulatory filing.
28.   Charter.   The Committee shall review, discuss and assess annually its own performance and the adequacy of this Charter, as well as the Committee’s role and responsibilities as outlined in this Charter. The Committee shall submit any suggested changes to the Board for its approval.
29.   Report to Board.   The Committee shall report to the Board with respect to material issues that arise regarding the quality or integrity of the Company’s financial statements, the performance or independence of the Auditors or such other matters as the Committee deems appropriate from time to time or whenever it shall be called upon to do so.
30.   Investment Risk Assessment and Management.   The Committee shall review and discuss with management and the Auditors, as appropriate, the Company’s guidelines and policies with respect to investment risk assessment and management, including the Company’s major financial risk exposures, the Company’s investment and hedging policies, and the steps taken by management to monitor and control these exposures.
31.   Data Privacy and Security.   The Committee shall review, discuss with management, and oversee the Company’s privacy, information technology and security and cybersecurity risk exposures, including: (i) the potential impact of those exposures on the Company’s business, financial results, operations and reputation; (ii) the programs and steps implemented by management to monitor and mitigate any exposures; (iii) the Company’s information governance and information security policies and programs; and (iv) major legislative and regulatory developments that could materially impact the Company’s privacy, data security and cybersecurity risk exposure.
32.   Reports on Illegal Acts.   The Committee shall at least annually ensure that it has received any required information and reports from the Auditors with respect to illegal acts detected by the Auditors or to which the Auditors became aware.
 
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33.   Other Responsibilities.   The Committee shall perform such other functions as may be assigned to the Committee by law, by the Company’s articles or by the Board.
34.   General Authority.   The Committee shall perform such other functions and have such other powers as may be necessary or convenient in the efficient discharge of the forgoing.
It shall be management’s responsibility to prepare the Company’s financial statements and periodic reports and the responsibility of the Auditors to audit those financial statements. It is not the duty of the Committee to (1) plan or conduct audits; (2) determine that the Company’s financial statements are complete and accurate and are in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles; or (3) to assure compliance with laws and regulations and the Company’s policies generally. Furthermore, it is the responsibility of the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and other senior management to avoid and minimize the Company’s exposure to risk, and while the Committee is responsible for reviewing with management the guidelines and policies to govern the process by which risk assessment and management is undertaken, the Committee is not the sole body responsible.
 
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ANNEX A
ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
2016 OMNIBUS SHARE AND INCENTIVE PLAN
(as adopted by the board of directors on April 6, 2016 and approved by the shareholders on
May 19, 2016; and as supplemented by the Committee on May 9, 2019)
Section 1.   Purpose
The purpose of the Plan is to promote the interests of the Company by aiding the Company in attracting and retaining employees, officers, consultants, advisors and non-employee Directors to promote the business and financial success of the Company, to offer such persons incentives to put forth maximum efforts for the success of the Company’s business and to compensate such persons through various share and cash based arrangements and provide them with opportunities for share ownership in the Company, thereby aligning the interests of such persons with the Company’s shareholders.
Section 2.   Definitions
As used in the Plan, the following terms shall have the meanings set forth below:
(a)
Affiliate” shall mean any entity that, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, is controlled by the Company.
(b)
Award” shall mean any Option, Stock Appreciation Right, Restricted Stock, Restricted Stock Unit, Performance Award, Dividend Equivalent or Other Stock-Based Award granted under the Plan.
(c)
Award Agreement” shall mean any written agreement, contract or other instrument or document evidencing an Award granted under the Plan (including a document in an electronic medium) executed in accordance with the requirements of Section 9(c).
(d)
Board” shall mean the Board of Directors of the Company.
(e)
Cause” in respect of a Participant means:
(i)
if “Cause” is defined in an employment agreement between such Participant and the Company, the meaning of “Cause” as provided for in such employment agreement; and
(ii)
if Cause is not so defined, a circumstance that would entitle the Company to terminate the employment or services of such Participant at law without notice or compensation as a result of such termination;
(f)
Change in Control” means, unless specified otherwise in an existing agreement with a Participant:
(i)
the sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company to a non-Affiliate;
(ii)
a merger, reorganization, or consolidation involving the Company in which the voting securities outstanding immediately prior to the transaction represent or are converted into or exchanged for securities of the surviving or resulting entity that, immediately upon completion of the transaction, represent less than 50% of the outstanding voting power of the surviving or resulting entity;
(iii)
the acquisition of all or a majority of the outstanding voting securities of the Company in a single transaction or a series of related transactions by a person or group of persons;
provided however, that a Change in Control shall not be deemed to have occurred if such Change in Control results solely from the issuance, in connection with a bona fide financing or series of financings by the Company or an Affiliate of the Company, of voting securities of the Company or an Affiliate of the Company or any rights to acquire voting securities of the Company or an Affiliate of the Company which are convertible into voting securities, or if the Company effects a transaction solely to change the Company’s domicile.
 
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(g)
Committee” shall mean the Compensation Committee of the Board or such other committee designated by the Board to administer the Plan. The Committee shall be comprised of not less than such number of Directors as shall be required to permit Awards granted under the Plan to qualify under Rule 16b-3, and each member of the Committee shall be a “non-employee director” within the meaning of Rule 16b-3 and an “outside director” within the meaning of Section 162(m).
(h)
Company” shall mean Arbutus Biopharma Corporation and any successor corporation.
(i)
Director” shall mean a member of the Board.
(j)
Dividend Equivalent” shall mean any right granted under Section 6(e) of the Plan.
(k)
“Effective Date” shall have the meaning ascribed thereto in Section 11 of the Plan;
(l)
Eligible Person” shall mean any employee, officer, non-employee Director, consultant, independent contractor or advisor providing services to the Company or any Affiliate, or any such person to whom an offer of employment or engagement with the Company or any Affiliate is extended.
(m)
Fair Market Value” with respect to a Share as of any date shall mean (a) if the Share is listed on any established stock exchange, the price of one Share at the close of the regular trading session of such market or exchange on such date, as reported by The Wall Street Journal or a comparable reporting service, or, if no sale of Shares shall have occurred on such date, on the next preceding date on which there was a sale of Shares; (b) if the Shares are not so listed on any established stock exchange, the average of the closing “bid” and “asked” prices quoted by the OTC Bulletin Board, the National Quotation Bureau, or any comparable reporting service on such date or, if there are no quoted “bid” and “asked” prices on such date, on the next preceding date for which there are such quotes for a Share; or (c) if the Shares are not publicly traded as of such date, the per share value of a Share, as determined by the Board, or any duly authorized Committee of the Board, in its sole discretion, by applying principles of valuation with respect thereto.
(n)
Full Value Award” shall mean any Award other than an Option, Stock Appreciation Right or similar Award, the value of which is based solely on an increase in the value of the Shares after the date of grant of such Award.
(o)
Good Reason” in respect of a Participant means:
(i)
if “Good Reason” is defined in an employment agreement between such Participant and the Company, the meaning of “Good Reason” as provided for in such employment agreement; and
(ii)
if Good Reason is not so defined, a circumstance that would allow a Participant to claim “constructive dismissal” at law, including a material diminution in the Participant’s title, responsibilities, reporting relationship or compensation.
(p)
Non-Qualified Stock Option” shall mean an option granted under Section 6(a) of the Plan that is not intended to be a U.S. Incentive Stock Option.
(q)
Option” shall mean a U.S. Incentive Stock Option or a Non-Qualified Stock Option to purchase shares of the Company.
(r)
Other Stock-Based Award” shall mean any right granted under Section 6(f) of the Plan.
(s)
Participant” shall mean an Eligible Person designated to be granted an Award under the Plan.
(t)
Performance Award” shall mean any right granted under Section 6(d) of the Plan.
(u)
Performance Goal” with respect to a Performance Award shall mean one or more of the following performance goals, either individually, alternatively or in any combination, applied on a corporate, subsidiary, division, business unit or line of business basis:

economic value added (EVA);

sales or revenue;
 
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income (including without limitation operating income, pre tax income and income attributable to the Company);

cash flow (including without limitation free cash flow and cash flow from operating, investing or financing activities or any combination thereof);

earnings (including without limitation earnings before or after taxes, earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) and earnings (whether before or after taxes), EBIT or EBITDA as a percentage of net sales;

returns (including one or more of return on actual or pro forma assets, net assets, equity, investment, revenue, sales, capital and net capital employed, total shareholder return (TSR) and total business return (TBR));

implementation, completion or achievement of critical corporate objectives or projects, including specified milestones in the discovery, development, commercialization and/or manufacturing of one or more products or product candidates; and

share price (minimum $20.00 per Share).
Each such Performance Goal may be based (i) solely by reference to absolute results of individual performance or organizational performance at various levels (e.g., the Company’s performance or the performance of a subsidiary, division, business segment or business unit of the Company) or (ii) upon organizational performance relative to the comparable performance of other companies selected by the Committee. To the extent consistent with Section 162(m), the Committee may, when it establishes performance criteria, also provide for the exclusion of charges related to an event or occurrence which the Committee determines should appropriately be excluded, including (X) asset write downs, litigation or claim judgments or settlements, reorganizations, the impact of acquisitions and divestitures, restructurings, discontinued operations, extraordinary items, and other unusual or non recurring charges, (Y) foreign exchange gains and losses or an event either not directly related to the operations of the Company or not within the reasonable control of the Company’s management, or (Z) the cumulative effects of tax or accounting changes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (or other accounting principles which may then be in effect). To the extent that Section 162(m) or applicable tax and/or securities laws change to permit Committee discretion to alter the governing performance measures without disclosing to shareholders and obtaining shareholder approval of such changes and without thereby exposing the Company to potentially adverse tax or other legal consequences, the Committee shall have the sole discretion to make such changes without obtaining shareholder approval.
(v)
Person” shall mean any individual or entity, including a corporation, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture or trust.
(w)
Plan” shall mean the Arbutus 2016 Omnibus Share and Incentive Plan, as amended from time to time.
(x)
Restricted Stock” shall mean any Share granted under Section 6(c) of the Plan.
(y)
Restricted Stock Unit” shall mean any unit granted under Section 6(c) of the Plan evidencing the right to receive a Share (or a cash payment equal to the Fair Market Value of a Share) at some future date.
(z)
Rule 16b-3” shall mean Rule 16b-3 promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission under the U.S. Exchange Act, as amended, or any successor rule or regulation.
(aa)
Section 162(m)” shall mean Section 162(m) of the U.S. Code, or any successor provision, and the applicable Treasury Regulations promulgated thereunder.
(bb)
Section 409A” shall mean Section 409A of the U.S. Code, or any successor provision, and applicable Treasury Regulations and other applicable guidance thereunder.
(cc)
Share” or “Shares” shall mean common shares without par value in the capital of the Company
 
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(or such other securities or property as may become subject to Awards pursuant to an adjustment made under Section 4(c) of the Plan).
(dd)
Specified Employee” shall mean a specified employee as defined in Section 409A(a)(2)(B) of the U.S. Code or applicable proposed or final regulations under Section 409A, determined in accordance with procedures established by the Company and applied uniformly with respect to all plans maintained by the Company that are subject to Section 409A.
(ee)
Stock Appreciation Right” shall mean any right granted under Section 4(b) of the Plan.
(ff)
U.S. Code” shall mean the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 of the United States, as amended from time to time, and any regulations promulgated thereunder.
(gg)
U.S. Exchange Act” shall mean the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 of the United States, as amended.
(hh)
U.S. Incentive Stock Option” shall mean an option granted under Section 6(a) of the Plan that is intended to meet the requirements of Section 422 of the U.S. Code or any successor provision.
Section 3.   Administration
(a)
Power and Authority of the Committee.   The Plan shall be administered by the Committee. Subject to the express provisions of the Plan and to applicable law, the Committee shall have full power and authority to: (i) designate Participants; (ii) determine the type or types of Awards to be granted to each Participant under the Plan; (iii) determine the number of Shares to be covered by (or the method by which payments or other rights are to be calculated in connection with) each Award; (iv) determine the terms and conditions of any Award or Award Agreement, including any terms relating to the forfeiture of any Award and the forfeiture, recapture or disgorgement of any cash, Shares or other amounts payable with respect to any Award; (v) amend the terms and conditions of any Award or Award Agreement, subject to the limitations under Section 7; (vi) accelerate the exercisability of any Award or the lapse of any restrictions relating to any Award, subject to the limitations in Section 7, (vii) determine whether, to what extent and under what circumstances Awards may be exercised in cash, Shares, other securities, other Awards or other property (excluding promissory notes), or canceled, forfeited or suspended, subject to the limitations in Section 7; (viii) determine whether, to what extent and under what circumstances amounts payable with respect to an Award under the Plan shall be deferred either automatically or at the election of the holder thereof or the Committee, subject to the requirements of Section 409A; (ix) interpret and administer the Plan and any instrument or agreement, including an Award Agreement, relating to the Plan; (x) establish, amend, suspend or waive such rules and regulations and appoint such agents as it shall deem appropriate for the proper administration of the Plan; (xi) make any other determination and take any other action that the Committee deems necessary or desirable for the administration of the Plan; and (xii) adopt such modifications, rules, procedures and subplans as may be necessary or desirable to comply with provisions of the laws of non-U.S. jurisdictions in which the Company or an Affiliate may operate, including, without limitation, establishing any special rules for Affiliates, Eligible Persons or Participants located in any particular country, in order to meet the objectives of the Plan and to ensure the viability of the intended benefits of Awards granted to Participants located in such non-United States jurisdictions. Unless otherwise expressly provided in the Plan, all designations, determinations, interpretations and other decisions under or with respect to the Plan or any Award or Award Agreement shall be within the sole discretion of the Committee, may be made at any time and shall be final, conclusive and binding upon any Participant, any holder or beneficiary of any Award or Award Agreement, and any employee of the Company or any Affiliate.
(b)
Delegation.   The Committee may delegate to one or more officers or Directors of the Company, subject to such terms, conditions and limitations as the Committee may establish in its sole discretion, the authority to grant Awards; provided, however, that the Committee shall not delegate such authority (i) with regard to grants of Awards to be made to officers of the Company or any Affiliate
 
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who are subject to Section 16 of the U.S. Exchange Act or (ii) in such a manner as would cause the Plan not to comply with the requirements of Section 162(m), applicable exchange rules or applicable corporate law.
(c)
Power and Authority of the Board.   Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, (i) the Board may, at any time and from time to time, without any further action of the Committee, exercise the powers and duties of the Committee under the Plan, unless the exercise of such powers and duties by the Board would cause the Plan not to comply with the requirements of Rule 16b-3 or Section 162(m); and (ii) only the Committee (or another committee of the Board comprised of directors who qualify as independent directors within the meaning of the independence rules of any applicable securities exchange where the Shares are then listed) may grant Awards to Directors who are not also employees of the Company or an Affiliate
(d)
Indemnification.   To the full extent permitted by law, (i) no member of the Board, the Committee or any person to whom the Committee delegates authority under the Plan shall be liable for any action or determination taken or made in good faith with respect to the Plan or any Award made under the Plan, and (ii) the members of the Board, the Committee and each person to whom the Committee delegates authority under the Plan shall be entitled to indemnification by the Company with regard to such actions and determinations. The provisions of this paragraph shall be in addition to such other rights of indemnification as a member of the Board, the Committee or any other person may have by virtue of such person’s position with the Company.
Section 4.   Shares Available for Awards
(a)
Shares Available.   Subject to adjustment as provided in Section 4(c) of the Plan, the aggregate number of Shares that may be issued under all Awards under the Plan shall equal 5,000,000. The aggregate number of Shares that may be issued under all Awards under the Plan shall be reduced by Shares subject to Awards issued under the Plan in accordance with the Share counting rules described in Section 4(b) below.
(b)
Counting Shares.   For purposes of this Section 4, except as set forth in this Section 4(b), if an Award entitles the holder thereof to receive or purchase Shares, the number of Shares covered by such Award or to which such Award relates shall be counted on the date of grant of such Award against the aggregate number of Shares available for granting Awards under the Plan.
(i)
Shares Added Back to Reserve.   Subject to the limitations in (ii) below, if any Shares covered by an Award or to which an Award relates are not purchased or are forfeited or are reacquired by the Company (including any Awards that are settled in cash), or if an Award otherwise terminates or is cancelled without delivery of any Shares, then the number of Shares counted against the aggregate number of Shares available under the Plan with respect to such Award, to the extent of any such forfeiture, reacquisition by the Company, termination or cancellation, shall again be available for granting Awards under the Plan.
(ii)
Shares Not Added Back to Reserve.   Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in (i) above, the following Shares will not again become available for issuance under the Plan: (A) any Shares which would have been issued upon any exercise of an Option but for the fact that the exercise price was paid by a “net exercise” pursuant to Section 6(a)(iii)(B) or any Shares tendered in payment of the exercise price of an Option; (B) any Shares withheld by the Company or Shares tendered to satisfy any tax withholding obligation with respect to an Award under the Plan; (C) Shares covered by a share-settled Stock Appreciation Right issued under the Plan that are not issued in connection with settlement in Shares upon exercise; or (D) Shares that are repurchased by the Company using Option exercise proceeds.
(iii)
Cash-Only Awards.   Awards that do not entitle the holder thereof to receive or purchase Shares shall not be counted against the aggregate number of Shares available for Awards under the Plan.
 
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(iv)
Substitute Awards Relating to Acquired Entities.   Shares issued under Awards granted in substitution for awards previously granted by an entity that is acquired by or merged with the Company or an Affiliate shall not be counted against the aggregate number of Shares available for Awards under the Plan.
(c)
Adjustments.   In the event that any dividend (other than a regular cash dividend) or other distribution (whether in the form of cash, Shares, other securities or other property), recapitalization, stock split, reverse stock split, reorganization, merger, consolidation, split-up, spin-off, combination, repurchase or exchange of Shares or other securities of the Company, issuance of warrants or other rights to purchase Shares or other securities of the Company or other similar corporate transaction or event affects the Shares such that an adjustment is necessary in order to prevent dilution or enlargement of the benefits or potential benefits intended to be made available under the Plan, then the Committee shall, in such manner as it may deem equitable, adjust any or all of (i) the number and type of Shares (or other securities or other property) that thereafter may be made the subject of Awards, (ii) the number and type of Shares (or other securities or other property) subject to outstanding Awards, (iii) the purchase price or exercise price with respect to any Award and (iv) the limitations contained in Section 4(d)(i) below; provided, however, that the number of Shares covered by any Award or to which such Award relates shall always be a whole number. Such adjustment shall be made by the Committee or the Board, whose determination in that respect shall be final, binding and conclusive.
(d)
Award Limitations Under the Plan.   The limitation contained in this Section 4(d) shall apply only with respect to any Award or Awards granted under this Plan, and limitations on awards granted under any other shareholder-approved incentive plan maintained by the Company will be governed solely by the terms of such other plan.
(i)
Section 162(m) Limitation for Awards Denominated in Shares.   No Eligible Person may be granted any Stock Options, Stock Appreciation Rights or Performance Awards denominated in Shares, for more than 2,500,000 Shares (subject to adjustment as provided for in Section 4(c) of the Plan), in the aggregate in any calendar year.
(ii)
Section 162(m) Limitation for Performance Awards Denominated in Cash.   The maximum amount payable pursuant to all Performance Awards denominated in cash to any Eligible Person in the aggregate in any calendar year shall be $5,000,000 in value. This limitation contained in this Section 4(d)(ii) does not apply to any Award or Awards subject to the limitation contained in Section 4(d)(i).
(iii)
Limitation Awards Granted to Non-Employee Directors.   No Director who is not also an employee of the Company or an Affiliate may be granted any Award or Awards denominated in Shares that exceed in the aggregate $500,000 (such value computed as of the date of grant in accordance with applicable financial accounting rules) in any calendar year. The foregoing limit shall not apply to any Award made pursuant to any election by the Director to receive an Award in lieu of all or a portion of annual and committee retainers and annual meeting fees.
Section 5.   Eligibility
Any Eligible Person shall be eligible to be designated as a Participant. In determining which Eligible Persons shall receive an Award and the terms of any Award, the Committee may take into account the nature of the services rendered by the respective Eligible Persons, their present and potential contributions to the success of the Company or such other factors as the Committee, in its discretion, shall deem relevant. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a U.S. Incentive Stock Option may only be granted to full-time or part-time employees (which term as used herein includes, without limitation, officers and Directors who are also employees), and a U.S. Incentive Stock Option shall not be granted to an employee of an Affiliate unless such Affiliate is also a “subsidiary corporation” of the Company within the meaning of Section 424(f) of the U.S. Code or any successor provision.
 
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Section 6.   Awards
(a)
Options.   The Committee is hereby authorized to grant Options to Eligible Persons with the following terms and conditions and with such additional terms and conditions not inconsistent with the provisions of the Plan as the Committee shall determine:
(i)
Exercise Price.   The purchase price per Share purchasable under an Option shall be determined by the Committee and shall not be less than 100% of the Fair Market Value of a Share on the date of grant of such Option; provided, however, that the Committee may designate a purchase price below Fair Market Value on the date of grant if the Option is granted in substitution for a stock option previously granted by an entity that is acquired by or merged with the Company or an Affiliate.
(ii)
Option Term.   The term of each Option shall be fixed by the Committee at the date of grant but shall not be longer than 10 years from the date of grant. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Committee may provide in the terms of an Option (either at grant or by subsequent modification) that, to the extent consistent with Section 409A, in the event that on the last business day of the term of an Option (other than a U.S. Incentive Stock Option) (i) the exercise of the Option is prohibited by applicable law or (ii) Shares may not be purchased or sold by certain employees or directors of the Company due to the “black-out period” of a Company policy or a “lock-up” agreement undertaken in connection with an issuance of securities by the Company, the term of the Option shall be extended for a period of not more than thirty (30) days following the end of the legal prohibition, black-out period or lock-up agreement.
(iii)
Time and Method of Exercise.   The Committee shall determine the time or times at which an Option may be exercised in whole or in part and the method or methods by which, and the form or forms, including, but not limited to, cash, Shares (actually or by attestation), other securities, other Awards or other property, or any combination thereof, having a Fair Market Value on the exercise date equal to the applicable exercise price, in which, payment of the exercise price with respect thereto may be made or deemed to have been made.
(A)
Promissory Notes.   Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Committee may not accept a promissory note as consideration.
(B)
Net Exercises.   The Committee may, in its discretion, permit an Option to be exercised by delivering to the Participant a number of Shares having an aggregate Fair Market Value (determined as of the date of exercise) equal to the excess, if positive, of the Fair Market Value of the Shares underlying the Option being exercised on the date of exercise, over the exercise price of the Option for such Shares.
(iv)
U.S. Incentive Stock Options.   Notwithstanding anything in the Plan to the contrary, the following additional provisions shall apply to the grant of stock options which are intended to qualify as U.S. Incentive Stock Options:
(A)
The aggregate number of Shares that may be issued under all U.S. Incentive Stock Options under the Plan shall be 5,000,000 Shares.
(B)
The Committee will not grant U.S. Incentive Stock Options in which the aggregate Fair Market Value (determined as of the time the Option is granted) of the Shares with respect to which U.S. Incentive Stock Options are exercisable for the first time by any Participant during any calendar year (under this Plan and all other plans of the Company and its Affiliates) shall exceed $100,000.
(C)
All U.S. Incentive Stock Options must be granted within ten years from the earlier of the date on which this Plan was adopted by the Board or the date this Plan was approved by the shareholders of the Company.
(D)
Unless sooner exercised, all U.S. Incentive Stock Options shall expire and no longer be exercisable no later than 10 years after the date of grant; provided, however, that in the case of a grant of a U.S. Incentive Stock Option to a Participant who, at the time such
 
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Option is granted, owns (within the meaning of Section 422 of the U.S. Code) shares possessing more than 10% of the total combined voting power of all classes of shares of the Company or of its Affiliates, such U.S. Incentive Stock Option shall expire and no longer be exercisable no later than five years from the date of grant.
(E)
The purchase price per Share for a U.S. Incentive Stock Option shall be not less than 100% of the Fair Market Value of a Share on the date of grant of the U.S. Incentive Stock Option; provided, however, that, in the case of the grant of a U.S. Incentive Stock Option to a Participant who, at the time such Option is granted, owns (within the meaning of Section 422 of the U.S. Code) shares possessing more than 10% of the total combined voting power of all classes of shares of the Company or of its Affiliates, the purchase price per Share purchasable under a U.S. Stock Option shall be not less than 110% of the Fair Market Value of a Share on the date of grant of the U.S. Incentive Stock Option.
(F)
Any U.S. Incentive Stock Option authorized under the Plan shall contain such other provisions as the Committee shall deem advisable, but shall in all events be consistent with and contain all provisions required in order to qualify the Option as a U.S. Stock Option.
(b)
Stock Appreciation Rights.   The Committee is hereby authorized to grant Stock Appreciation Rights to Eligible Persons subject to the terms of the Plan and any applicable Award Agreement. A Stock Appreciation Right granted under the Plan shall confer on the holder thereof a right to receive upon exercise thereof the excess of (i) the Fair Market Value of one Share on the date of exercise over (ii) the grant price of the Stock Appreciation Right as specified by the Committee, which price shall not be less than 100% of the Fair Market Value of one Share on the date of grant of the Stock Appreciation Right; provided, however, that the Committee may designate a grant price below Fair Market Value on the date of grant if the Stock Appreciation Right is granted in substitution for a stock appreciation right previously granted by an entity that is acquired by or merged with the Company or an Affiliate. Subject to the terms of the Plan and any applicable Award Agreement, the grant price, term, methods of exercise, dates of exercise, methods of settlement and any other terms and conditions of any Stock Appreciation Right shall be as determined by the Committee (except that the term of each Stock Appreciation Right shall be subject to the same limitations in Section 6(a)(ii) applicable to Options). The Committee may impose such conditions or restrictions on the exercise of any Stock Appreciation Right as it may deem appropriate.
(c)
Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Units.   The Committee is hereby authorized to grant an Award of Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Units to Eligible Persons with the following terms and conditions and with such additional terms and conditions not inconsistent with the provisions of the Plan as the Committee shall determine:
(i)
Restrictions.   Shares of Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Units shall be subject to such restrictions as the Committee may impose (including, without limitation, any limitation on the right to vote a Share of Restricted Stock or the right to receive any dividend or other right or property with respect thereto), which restrictions may lapse separately or in combination at such time or times, in such installments or otherwise as the Committee may deem appropriate. Notwithstanding the foregoing, rights to dividend or Dividend Equivalent payments shall be subject to the limitations described in Section 6(e).
(ii)
Issuance and Delivery of Shares.   Any Restricted Stock granted under the Plan shall be issued at the time such Awards are granted and may be evidenced in such manner as the Committee may deem appropriate, including book-entry registration or issuance of a share certificate or certificates, which certificate or certificates shall be held by the Company or held in nominee name by the share transfer agent or brokerage service selected by the Company to provide such services for the Plan. Such certificate or certificates shall be registered in the name of the Participant and shall bear an appropriate legend referring to the restrictions applicable to such Restricted Stock. Shares representing Restricted Stock that are no longer subject to restrictions shall be delivered (including by updating the book-entry registration) to
 
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the Participant promptly after the applicable restrictions lapse or are waived. In the case of Restricted Stock Units, no Shares shall be issued at the time such Awards are granted. Upon the lapse or waiver of restrictions and the restricted period relating to Restricted Stock Units evidencing the right to receive Shares, such Shares shall be issued and delivered to the holder of the Restricted Stock Units.
(iii)
Forfeiture.   Except as otherwise determined by the Committee or as provided in an Award Agreement, upon a Participant’s termination of employment or resignation or removal as a Director (in either case, as determined under criteria established by the Committee) during the applicable restriction period, all Shares of Restricted Stock and all Restricted Stock Units held by such Participant at such time shall be forfeited and reacquired by the Company; provided, however, that the Committee may waive in whole or in part any or all remaining restrictions with respect to Shares of Restricted Stock or Restricted Stock Units.
(d)
Performance Awards.   The Committee is hereby authorized to grant to Eligible Persons Performance Awards that are intended to be “qualified performance-based compensation” within the meaning of Section 162(m). A Performance Award granted under the Plan (i) may be denominated or payable in cash, Shares (including, without limitation, Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Units), other securities, other Awards or other property and (ii) shall confer on the holder thereof the right to receive payments, in whole or in part, upon the achievement of one or more objective Performance Goals during such performance periods as the Committee shall establish. Subject to the terms of the Plan, the Performance Goals to be achieved during any performance period, the length of any performance period, the amount of any Performance Award granted, the amount of any payment or transfer to be made pursuant to any Performance Award and any other terms and conditions of any Performance Award shall be determined by the Committee. Performance Awards shall be conditioned solely on the achievement of one or more objective Performance Goals established by the Committee within the time prescribed by Section 162(m), and shall otherwise comply with the requirements of Section 162(m), as described below; provided, however, that to the extent a Performance Goal is based on share price, such Performance Goal shall include a minimum threshold share price of at least $20.00 per Share (subject to adjustment made under Section 4(c) of the Plan).
(i)
Timing of Designations; Duration of Performance Periods.   For each Performance Award, the Committee shall, not later than 90 days after the beginning of each performance period, (i) designate all Participants for such performance period and (ii) establish the objective performance factors for each Participant for that performance period on the basis of one or more of the Performance Goals, the outcome of which is substantially uncertain at the time the Committee actually establishes the Performance Goal. The Committee shall have sole discretion to determine the applicable performance period, provided that in the case of a performance period less than 12 months, in no event shall a performance goal be considered to be pre-established if it is established after 25% of the performance period (as scheduled in good faith at the time the Performance Goal is established) has elapsed. To the extent required under Section 162(m), the terms of the objective performance factors must preclude discretion to increase an amount paid in connection with an Award, but may permit discretion to reduce such amount.
(ii)
Certification.   Following the close of each performance period and prior to payment of any amount to a Participant with respect to a Performance Award, the Committee shall certify in writing as to the attainment of all factors (including the performance factors for a Participant) upon which any payments to a Participant for that performance period are to be based.
(e)
Dividend Equivalents.   The Committee is hereby authorized to grant Dividend Equivalents to Eligible Persons under which the Participant shall be entitled to receive payments (in cash, Shares, other securities, other Awards or other property as determined in the discretion of the Committee) equivalent to the amount of cash dividends paid by the Company to holders of Shares with respect to a number of Shares determined by the Committee. Subject to the terms of the Plan and any applicable Award Agreement, such Dividend Equivalents may have such terms and conditions as the Committee shall determine. Notwithstanding the foregoing, (i) the Committee may not grant
 
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Dividend Equivalents to Eligible Persons in connection with grants of Options, Stock Appreciation Rights or other Awards the value of which is based solely on an increase in the value of the Shares after the date of grant of such Award, and (ii) no dividend or Dividend Equivalent payments shall be made to a Participant with respect to any Performance Award or other Award subject to performance-based vesting conditions prior to the date on which all conditions or restrictions relating to such Award (or portion thereof to which the dividend or Dividend Equivalent relates) have been satisfied, waived or lapsed.
(f)
Other Stock-Based Awards.   The Committee is hereby authorized to grant to Eligible Persons such other Awards that are denominated or payable in, valued in whole or in part by reference to, or otherwise based on or related to, Shares (including, without limitation, securities convertible into Shares), as are deemed by the Committee to be consistent with the purpose of the Plan. The Committee shall determine the terms and conditions of such Awards, subject to the terms of the Plan and any applicable Award Agreement. No Award issued under this Section 6(f) shall contain a purchase right or an option-like exercise feature.
(g)
General.   
(i)
Consideration for Awards.   Awards may be granted for no cash consideration or for any cash or other consideration as may be determined by the Committee or required by applicable law.
(ii)
Awards May Be Granted Separately or Together.   Awards may, in the discretion of the Committee, be granted either alone or in addition to, in tandem with or in substitution for any other Award or any award granted under any other plan of the Company or any Affiliate. Awards granted in addition to or in tandem with other Awards or in addition to or in tandem with awards granted under any other plan of the Company or any Affiliate may be granted either at the same time as or at a different time from the grant of such other Awards or awards.
(iii)
Forms of Payment under Awards.   Subject to the terms of the Plan and of any applicable Award Agreement, payments or transfers to be made by the Company or an Affiliate upon the grant, exercise or payment of an Award may be made in such form or forms as the Committee shall determine (including, without limitation, cash, Shares, other securities (but excluding promissory notes), other Awards or other property or any combination thereof), and may be made in a single payment or transfer, in installments or on a deferred basis, in each case in accordance with rules and procedures established by the Committee. Such rules and procedures may include, without limitation, provisions for the payment or crediting of reasonable interest on installment or deferred payments or the grant or crediting of Dividend Equivalents with respect to installment or deferred payments.
(iv)
Limits on Transfer of Awards.   Except as otherwise provided by the Committee in its discretion and subject to such additional terms and conditions as it determines, no Award (other than fully vested and unrestricted Shares issued pursuant to any Award) and no right under any such Award shall be transferable by a Participant other than by will or by the laws of descent and distribution, and no Award (other than fully vested and unrestricted Shares issued pursuant to any Award) or right under any such Award may be pledged, alienated, attached or otherwise encumbered, and any purported pledge, alienation, attachment or encumbrance thereof shall be void and unenforceable against the Company or any Affiliate. Where the Committee does permit the transfer of an Award other than a fully vested and unrestricted Share, such permitted transfer shall be for no value and in accordance with the rules of Form S-8. The Committee may also establish procedures as it deems appropriate for a Participant to designate a person or persons, as beneficiary or beneficiaries, to exercise the rights of the Participant and receive any property distributable with respect to any Award in the event of the Participant’s death.
(v)
Restrictions; Securities Exchange Listing.   All Shares or other securities delivered under the Plan pursuant to any Award or the exercise thereof shall be subject to such restrictions as
 
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the Committee may deem advisable under the Plan, applicable federal or state securities laws and regulatory requirements, and the Committee may cause appropriate entries to be made with respect to, or legends to be placed on the certificates for, such Shares or other securities to reflect such restrictions. The Company shall not be required to deliver any Shares or other securities covered by an Award unless and until the requirements of any federal or state securities or other laws, rules or regulations (including the rules of any securities exchange) as may be determined by the Company to be applicable are satisfied.
(vi)
Prohibition on Option and Stock Appreciation Right Repricing.   Except as provided in Section 4(c) hereof, the Committee may not, without prior approval of the Company’s shareholders, seek to effect any re-pricing of any previously granted, “underwater” Option or Stock Appreciation Right by: (i) amending or modifying the terms of the Option or Stock Appreciation Right to lower the exercise price; (ii) canceling the underwater Option or Stock Appreciation Right and granting either (A) replacement Options or Stock Appreciation Rights having a lower exercise price; or (B) Restricted Stock, Restricted Stock Units, Performance Award or Other Stock-Based Award in exchange; or (iii) cancelling or repurchasing the underwater Option or Stock Appreciation Right for cash or other securities. An Option or Stock Appreciation Right will be deemed to be “underwater” at any time when the Fair Market Value of the Shares covered by such Award is less than the exercise price of the Award.
(vii)
Section 409A Provisions.   Notwithstanding anything in the Plan or any Award Agreement to the contrary, to the extent that any amount or benefit that constitutes “deferred compensation” to a Participant under Section 409A and applicable guidance thereunder is otherwise payable or distributable to a Participant under the Plan or any Award Agreement solely by reason of the occurrence of a Change in Control or due to the Participant’s disability or “separation from service” ​(as such term is defined under Section 409A), such amount or benefit will not be payable or distributable to the Participant by reason of such circumstance unless the Committee determines in good faith that (i) the circumstances giving rise to such Change in Control, disability or separation from service meet the definition of a Change in Control, disability, or separation from service, as the case may be, in Section 409A(a)(2)(A) of the U.S. Code and applicable proposed or final regulations, or (ii) the payment or distribution of such amount or benefit would be exempt from the application of Section 409A by reason of the short-term deferral exemption or otherwise. Any payment or distribution that otherwise would be made to a Participant who is a Specified Employee (as determined by the Committee in good faith) on account of separation from service may not be made before the date which is six months after the date of the Specified Employee’s separation from service (or if earlier, upon the Specified Employee’s death) unless the payment or distribution is exempt from the application of Section 409A by reason of the short-term deferral exemption or otherwise.
(viii)
Acceleration of Vesting or Exercisability — Performance Awards.   Award Agreements may provide that, in the event a Participant’s employment is terminated without Cause or a Participant resigns for Good Reason at any time during the 12-month period following a Change in Control, all Performance Awards shall be considered to be earned and payable based on implementation, completion or achievement of performance goals or based on target performance (either in full or pro rata based on the portion of Performance Period completed as of the date of the Change in Control), and any limitations or other restrictions shall lapse and such Performance Awards shall be immediately settled or distributed; provided, however that no Award Agreement shall accelerate the exercisability of any Award or result in the lapse of restrictions relating to any Award in connection with a Change in Control unless such acceleration occurs upon the consummation of (or effective immediately prior to the consummation of, provided that the consummation subsequently occurs) such Change in Control.
(ix)
Ceasing to be an Eligible Person — Vesting of Options and Stock Appreciation Rights.   Except as otherwise determined by the Committee, all Options and Stock
 
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Appreciation Rights will cease to vest as at the date upon which the Participant ceases to be an Eligible Person; provided, however, that in the event of the death of the Participant prior to the Participant ceasing to be an Eligible Person, all Options and Stock Appreciation Rights of such Participant shall become immediately vested.
(x)
Ceasing to be an Eligible Person — Termination of Options and Stock Appreciation Rights.   Except as otherwise determined by the Committee, each Option and Stock Appreciation Right granted pursuant to this Plan will, subject to the provisions of this Plan, expire automatically on the earlier of: (A) in the event the Participant ceases to be an Eligible Person for any reason, other than the death of the Participant or the termination of the Participant for Cause, such period of time after the date on which the Participant ceases to be an Eligible Person as may be (i) specified by the Committee, or (ii) set out in an agreement among the Participant and the Company; provided, however, that in the absence of such a specification or agreement, will be deemed to be the date that is three months following the Participant ceasing to be an Eligible Person; (B) in the event of the termination of the Participant as a director, officer, employee or consultant of the Company or an Affiliate for Cause, the date of such termination; (C) in the event of the death of a Participant prior to: (i) the Participant ceasing to be an Eligible Person; or (ii) the date which is the number of days specified by the Committee pursuant to subparagraph (A) above from the date on which the Participant ceased to be an Eligible Person, the date which is one year after the date of death of such Participant or such other date as may be specified by the Committee and which period will be specified in the Award Agreement with the Participant with respect to such Option or Stock Appreciation Right; provided, however, that, notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of subparagraphs (A), (B) and (C) of this Section 6(g)(ix), the Committee may, subject Section 7 of this Plan, at any time prior to expiry of an Option or Stock Appreciation Right, extend the period of time within which an Option or Stock Appreciation Right may be exercised by a Participant who has ceased to be an Eligible Person, but any such extension shall not be granted beyond the original expiry date of such Option or Stock Appreciation Right as provided for in Section 6(a) and 6(b) above, as applicable.
(xi)
Termination of a Participant for Cause.   Notwithstanding any other provision of this Plan, in the case of a Participant’s termination for Cause, any and all then outstanding Awards granted to such Participant, whether or not vested, shall be immediately forfeited and cancelled, without any consideration therefore, and any and all rights of such Participant with respect to or arising from this Plan shall terminate, as of the commencement of the date that notice of such termination is given, without regard to any period of reasonable notice or any salary continuance, except as otherwise determined by the Committee.
Section 7.   Amendment and Termination; Corrections
(a)
Amendments to the Plan and Awards.   The Board may from time to time amend, suspend or terminate this Plan, and the Committee may amend the terms of any previously granted Award, provided that no amendment to the terms of any previously granted Award may, (except as expressly provided in the Plan) materially and adversely alter or impair the terms or conditions of the Award previously granted to a Participant under this Plan without the written consent of the Participant or holder thereof. Any amendment to this Plan, or to the terms of any Award previously granted, is subject to compliance with all applicable laws, rules, regulations and policies of any applicable governmental entity or securities exchange, including receipt of any required approval from the governmental entity or stock exchange. For greater certainty and without limiting the foregoing, the Board may amend, suspend, terminate or discontinue the Plan, and the Committee may amend or alter any previously granted Award, as applicable, without obtaining the approval of shareholders of the Company in order to:
(i)
amend the eligibility for, and limitations or conditions imposed upon, participation in the Plan;
(ii)
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terms relating to the amount and payment of the exercise price, or the vesting, expiry, assignment or adjustment of Awards, or otherwise waive any conditions of or rights of the Company under any outstanding Award, prospectively or retroactively;
(iii)
make changes that are necessary or desirable to comply with applicable laws, rules, regulations and policies of any applicable governmental entity or stock exchange (including amendments to Awards necessary or desirable to avoid any adverse tax results under Section 409A), and no action taken to comply shall be deemed to impair or otherwise adversely alter or impair the rights of any holder of an Award or beneficiary thereof; or
(iv)
amend any terms relating to the administration of the Plan, including the terms of any administrative guidelines or other rules related to the Plan.
For greater certainty, prior approval of the shareholders of the Company shall be required for any amendment to the Plan or an Award that would:
(i)
require shareholder approval under the rules or regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, the National Association of Securities Dealers Inc. Automated Quotation System (NASDAQ) or any other securities exchange that are applicable to the Company;
(ii)
increase the number of shares authorized under the Plan as specified in Section 4(a) of the Plan;
(iii)
increase the number of shares or value subject to the limitations contained in Section 4(d) of the Plan or otherwise cause the Section 162(m) exemption for qualified performance-based compensation to become unavailable with respect to the Plan;
(iv)
permit repricing of Options or Stock Appreciation Rights, which is currently prohibited by Section 6(g)(vi) of the Plan;
(v)
permit the award of Options or Stock Appreciation Rights at a price less than 100% of the Fair Market Value of a Share on the date of grant of such Option or Stock Appreciation Right, contrary to the provisions of Section 6(a)(i) and Section 6(b) of the Plan; or
(vi)
increase the maximum term permitted for Options and Stock Appreciation Rights as specified in Section 6(a)(ii) and Section 6(b).
(b)
Corporate Transactions.   In the event of any reorganization, merger, consolidation, split-up, spin-off, combination, plan of arrangement, take-over bid or tender offer, repurchase or exchange of Shares or other securities of the Company or any other similar corporate transaction or event involving the Company (or the Company shall enter into a written agreement to undergo such a transaction or event), the Committee or the Board may, in its sole discretion, provide for any of the following to be effective upon the consummation of the event (or effective immediately prior to the consummation of the event, provided that the consummation of the event subsequently occurs), and no action taken under this Section 7(b) shall be deemed to impair or otherwise adversely alter the rights of any holder of an Award or beneficiary thereof:
(i)
either (A) termination of the Award, whether or not vested, in exchange for an amount of cash and/or other property, if any, equal to the amount that would have been attained upon the exercise of the Award or realization of the Participant’s rights (and, for the avoidance of doubt, if, as of the date of the occurrence of the transaction or event described in this Section 7(b)(i)(A), the Committee or the Board determines in good faith that no amount would have been attained upon the exercise of the Award or realization of the Participant’s rights, then the Award may be terminated by the Company without any payment) or (B) the replacement of the Award with other rights or property selected by the Committee or the Board, in its sole discretion;
(ii)
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of the successor or survivor corporation, or a parent or subsidiary thereof, with appropriate adjustments as to the number and kind of shares and prices;
(iii)
that, subject to Section 6(g)(viii), the Award shall be exercisable or payable or fully vested with respect to all Shares covered thereby, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the applicable Award Agreement; or
(iv)
that the Award cannot vest, be exercised or become payable after a date certain in the future, which may be the effective date of the event.
(c)
Correction of Defects, Omissions and Inconsistencies.   The Committee may, without prior approval of the shareholders of the Company, correct any defect, supply any omission or reconcile any inconsistency in the Plan or in any Award or Award Agreement in the manner and to the extent it shall deem desirable to implement or maintain the effectiveness of the Plan.
Section 8.   Income Tax Withholding
In order to comply with all applicable federal, state, local or foreign income tax laws or regulations, the Company may take such action as it deems appropriate to ensure that all applicable federal, state, local or foreign payroll, withholding, income or other taxes, which are the sole and absolute responsibility of a Participant, are withheld or collected from such Participant. In order to assist a Participant in paying all or a portion of the applicable taxes to be withheld or collected upon exercise or receipt of (or the lapse of restrictions relating to) an Award, the Committee, in its discretion and subject to such additional terms and conditions as it may adopt, may permit the Participant to satisfy such tax obligation by (a) electing to have the Company withhold a portion of the Shares otherwise to be delivered upon exercise or receipt of (or the lapse of restrictions relating to) such Award with a Fair Market Value equal to the amount of such taxes (but only to the extent necessary to satisfy minimum statutory withholding requirements if required by ASC Topic 718 to avoid adverse accounting treatment) or (b) delivering to the Company Shares other than Shares issuable upon exercise or receipt of (or the lapse of restrictions relating to) such Award with a Fair Market Value equal to the amount of such taxes. The election, if any, must be made on or before the date that the amount of tax to be withheld is determined.
Section 9.   General Provisions
(a)
Currency.   Unless otherwise specified, all currency amounts are stated in United States dollars.
(b)
No Rights to Awards.   No Eligible Person, Participant or other Person shall have any claim to be granted any Award under the Plan, and there is no obligation for uniformity of treatment of Eligible Persons, Participants or holders or beneficiaries of Awards under the Plan. The terms and conditions of Awards need not be the same with respect to any Participant or with respect to different Participants.
(c)
Award Agreements.   No Participant shall have rights under an Award granted to such Participant unless and until an Award Agreement shall have been signed by the Participant (if requested by the Company), or until such Award Agreement is delivered and accepted through an electronic medium in accordance with procedures established by the Company. An Award Agreement need not be signed by a representative of the Company unless required by the Committee. Each Award Agreement shall be subject to the applicable terms and conditions of the Plan and any other terms and conditions (not inconsistent with the Plan) determined by the Committee.
(d)
Plan Provisions Prevail.   In the event that any provision of an Award Agreement conflicts with or is inconsistent in any respect with the terms of the Plan as set forth herein or subsequently amended, the terms of the Plan shall prevail.
(e)
No Rights of Shareholders.   Except with respect to Shares issued under Awards (and subject to such conditions as the Committee may impose on such Awards pursuant to Section 6(c)(i) or Section 6(e)), neither a Participant nor the Participant’s legal representative shall be, or have any of the rights and privileges of, a shareholder of the Company with respect to any Shares issuable upon the exercise or payment of any Award, in whole or in part, unless and until such Shares have been issued.
 
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(f)
No Limit on Other Compensation Arrangements.   Nothing contained in the Plan shall prevent the Company or any Affiliate from adopting or continuing in effect other or additional compensation plans or arrangements, and such plans or arrangements may be either generally applicable or applicable only in specific cases.
(g)
No Right to Employment.   The grant of an Award shall not be construed as giving a Participant the right to be retained as an employee of the Company or any Affiliate, nor will it affect in any way the right of the Company or an Affiliate to terminate a Participant’s employment at any time, with or without Cause, in accordance with applicable law. In addition, the Company or an Affiliate may at any time dismiss a Participant from employment free from any liability or any claim under the Plan or any Award, unless otherwise expressly provided in the Plan or in any Award Agreement. Nothing in this Plan shall confer on any person any legal or equitable right against the Company or any Affiliate, directly or indirectly, or give rise to any cause of action at law or in equity against the Company or an Affiliate. Under no circumstances shall any person ceasing to be an employee of the Company or any Affiliate be entitled to any compensation for any loss of any right or benefit under the Plan which such employee might otherwise have enjoyed but for termination of employment, whether such compensation is claimed by way of damages for wrongful or unfair dismissal, breach of contract or otherwise. By participating in the Plan, each Participant shall be deemed to have accepted all the conditions of the Plan and the terms and conditions of any rules and regulations adopted by the Committee and shall be fully bound thereby.
(h)
Governing Law.   The internal law, and not the law of conflicts, of the Province of British Columbia, Canada shall govern all questions concerning the validity, construction and effect of the Plan or any Award, and any rules and regulations relating to the Plan or any Award.
(i)
Severability.   If any provision of the Plan or any Award is or becomes or is deemed to be invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any jurisdiction or would disqualify the Plan or any Award under any law deemed applicable by the Committee, such provision shall be construed or deemed amended to conform to applicable laws, or if it cannot be so construed or deemed amended without, in the determination of the Committee, materially altering the purpose or intent of the Plan or the Award, such provision shall be stricken as to such jurisdiction or Award, and the remainder of the Plan or any such Award shall remain in full force and effect.
(j)
No Trust or Fund Created.   Neither the Plan nor any Award shall create or be construed to create a trust or separate fund of any kind or a fiduciary relationship between the Company or any Affiliate and a Participant or any other Person. To the extent that any Person acquires a right to receive payments from the Company or any Affiliate pursuant to an Award, such right shall be no greater than the right of any unsecured general creditor of the Company or any Affiliate.
(k)
Other Benefits.   No compensation or benefit awarded to or realized by any Participant under the Plan shall be included for the purpose of computing such Participant’s compensation or benefits under any pension, retirement, savings, profit sharing, group insurance, disability, severance, termination pay, welfare or other benefit plan of the Company, unless required by law or otherwise provided by such other plan.
(l)
No Fractional Shares.   No fractional Shares shall be issued or delivered pursuant to the Plan or any Award, and the Committee shall determine whether cash shall be paid in lieu of any fractional Share or whether such fractional Share or any rights thereto shall be canceled, terminated or otherwise eliminated.
(m)
Headings.   Headings are given to the sections and subsections of the Plan solely as a convenience to facilitate reference. Such headings shall not be deemed in any way material or relevant to the construction or interpretation of the Plan or any provision thereof.
 
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Section 10.   Clawback or Recoupment
All Awards under this Plan shall be subject to any applicable law, rule or regulation or applicable stock exchange rule, including, without limitation, Section 304 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, Section 954 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and any applicable stock exchange listing rule adopted pursuant thereto. Awards may be granted with additional clawback or recoupment conditions or provisions as may be determined by the Committee.
Section 11.   Effective Date of the Plan
This Plan, which was adopted by the Board on April 5 2016 and approved by the shareholders of the Company at the annual meeting of shareholders of the Company held on May 19, 2016, is effective as of and from the date of such shareholder approval (the “Effective Date”). For the avoidance of doubt, the provisions of subparagraphs 6(g)(ix), (x) and (xi) of this Plan, which were adopted by the Committee on May 9, 2019 to provide for the memorialization in this Plan of those terms and conditions that applied to Awards granted under this Plan since the Effective Date, are also effective as of and from the Effective Date notwithstanding the actual date of grant of any applicable Award Agreement.
Section 12.   Term of the Plan
No Award shall be granted under the Plan, and the Plan shall terminate, on the tenth anniversary of the Effective Date, or any earlier date of discontinuation or termination established pursuant to Section 7(a) of the Plan; provided, however, that no Performance Award shall be granted under the Plan after the first shareholder meeting to occur in the fifth year following the year in which shareholders approved the Performance Goals unless and until the Performance Goals or the Plan is re-approved by the shareholders. Unless otherwise expressly provided in the Plan or in an applicable Award Agreement, any Award theretofore granted may extend beyond such dates, and the authority of the Committee provided for hereunder with respect to the Plan and any Awards, and the authority of the Board to amend the Plan, shall extend beyond the termination of the Plan.
 
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AMENDMENT NO. 1 TO THE
ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
2016 OMNIBUS SHARE AND INCENTIVE PLAN
The Arbutus Biopharma Corporation 2016 Omnibus Share and Incentive Plan, as supplemented (the “Plan”), is hereby amended (this “Amendment”) as set forth below, effective as of the date of adoption of this Amendment by the Board of Directors (the “Board”) of Arbutus Biopharma Corporation (the “Company”).
1.
Section 6(e).   The last sentence of Section 6(e) of the Plan is hereby amended and restated to read in its entirety as follows:
“Notwithstanding the foregoing, (i) the Committee may not grant Dividend Equivalents to Eligible Persons in connection with grants of Options, Stock Appreciation Rights or other Awards the value of which is based solely on an increase in the value of the Shares after the date of grant of such Award, and (ii) no dividend or Dividend Equivalent payments shall be made to a Participant with respect to any Award prior to the date on which all vesting conditions or restrictions relating to such Award (or portion thereof to which the dividend or Dividend Equivalent relates) have been satisfied, waived or lapsed.”
2.
Section 6(g).   Section 6(g)(viii) of the Plan is hereby removed in its entirety. Sections 6(g)(ix), (x) and (xi) of the Plan are hereby renumbered to Sections 6(g)(viii), (ix) and (x), respectively.
3.
Section 7(b).   Section 7(b) of the Plan is hereby amended and restated to read in its entirety as follows:
Change in Control.   Upon the effective time of a Change in Control, except as otherwise provided in an applicable Award Agreement or in another written agreement with a Participant, the parties to the Change in Control may agree that Awards shall be assumed, continued or substituted for by the successor entity, with appropriate adjustments as to the number and kind of shares and prices subject to the Award. Except as otherwise provided in an applicable Award Agreement or in another written agreement with a Participant, if, within twelve (12) months following a Change in Control in which a Participant’s Awards are assumed, continued or substituted for by the successor entity, the Participant’s status as a service provider is terminated without Cause by the Company or an Affiliate (or a successor company of the Company or such Affiliate), excluding, for such purposes, a transfer of employment or service by the service provider between or among the Company and one or more Affiliates, then all of the Participant’s outstanding Awards shall become fully vested and exercisable as of the moment immediately prior to such termination.
In the event Awards are not assumed, continued or substituted for by the successor entity in a Change in Control, upon the effective time of the Change in Control, the Plan and all Awards shall terminate. In the event of such termination, except as otherwise may be provided in an applicable Award Agreement or in another written agreement with a Participant, all Options and Stock Appreciation Rights with time-based vesting conditions or restrictions shall become fully exercisable as of the effective time of the Change in Control, all other Awards with time-based vesting conditions or restrictions shall become fully vested and nonforfeitable as of the effective time of the Change in Control, and all Awards with conditions and restrictions relating to the attainment of performance goals shall be deemed to vest and become nonforfeitable as of the effective time of the Change in Control assuming the higher of (i) achievement of all relevant performance goals at the “target” level (prorated based upon the length of time within the performance period that elapsed prior to the Change in Control) or (ii) actual achievement as of a date reasonably proximal to the date of the consummation of the Change in Control, as determined by the Committee or the Board in its sole discretion. For purposes of clause (ii) of the preceding sentence, if, based on the discretion of the Committee or the Board, actual achievement is not determinable, the relevant performance goals shall be deemed to have been achieved at the “target” level (prorated based upon the length of time within the performance period that elapsed prior to the Change in Control). In addition, in the event of such termination, the Committee or the Board shall have the option, in its sole discretion, (a) to make or provide for a payment, in cash or in kind, to Participants holding
 
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Options and Stock Appreciation Rights equal to the difference between the per share consideration paid in the Change in Control transaction and the exercise price or grant price, as applicable, of the Options or Stock Appreciation Rights and/or (b) to provide that each Participant shall be permitted, within a specified period of time prior to the Change in Control, to exercise all outstanding Options and Stock Appreciation Rights, to the extent then exercisable. For purposes of clause (a) of the preceding sentence, if the exercise price or grant price, as applicable, of any Option or Stock Appreciation Right is equal to or greater than the per share consideration paid in the Change in Control transaction, the Committee or the Board may, in its sole discretion, cancel the Option or Stock Appreciation Right without the payment of consideration therefor. The Committee or the Board shall also have the option, in its sole discretion, to make or provide for a payment, in cash or in kind, to holders of other Awards in an amount equal to the per share consideration paid in the Change in Control transaction multiplied by the number of vested Shares subject to the Award.”
4.
Section 11.   The references to Sections 6(g)(ix), (x) and (xi) in Section 11 of the Plan are hereby changed to Sections 6(g)(viii), (ix) and (x), respectively.
5.
The Plan shall otherwise be unchanged by this Amendment.
To record adoption of this Amendment of the Plan by the Board as of April 22, 2020, the Company has caused its authorized officer to execute this Amendment to the Plan.
ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
By:
/s/ William H. Collier
William H. Collier
President and Chief Executive Officer
 
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AMENDMENT NO. 2 TO THE
ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
2016 OMNIBUS SHARE AND INCENTIVE PLAN
The Arbutus Biopharma Corporation 2016 Omnibus Share and Incentive Plan, as supplemented and amended (the “Plan”), is hereby amended (this “Amendment”) as set forth below, effective as of the date of adoption of this Amendment by the Board of Directors (the “Board”) of Arbutus Bio