Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017
OR
[   ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition Period from           to          
Commission File Number: 001-34949
ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
British Columbia, Canada
 
98-0597776
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)
 
Identification No.)
100-8900 Glenlyon Parkway, Burnaby, BC, Canada V5J 5J8
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
604-419-3200
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes [X]        No [   ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes [X]        No [   ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer [   ]
Accelerated filer [X]
Non-accelerated filer [   ]
Smaller reporting company [   ]
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller
 
 
 
reporting company)
 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
[   ]

1



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes [   ]        No [X]
As of October 31, 2017, the registrant had 55,051,995 common shares, no par value, outstanding. In addition, the Company had outstanding 500,000 convertible preferred shares, which will be mandatorily convertible into 7,037,839 common shares on October 16, 2021.  Assuming the convertible preferred shares were converted as of October 31, 2017, the Company would have had 62,089,834 common shares outstanding at October 31, 2017.



2



ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORP.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
 
           ITEM 2.
           ITEM 3.
           ITEM 4.
 
 
 
           ITEM 1.
           ITEM 1A.
           ITEM 2.
           ITEM 3.
           ITEM 4.
           ITEM 5.
           ITEM 6.

3





4



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars, except share and per share amounts)
(Prepared in accordance with US GAAP)
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 Cash and cash equivalents
$
15,225

 
$
23,413

 Short-term investments (note 2)
72,954

 
107,146

 Accounts receivable
846

 
273

 Accrued revenue
128

 
128

 Investment tax credits receivable
160

 
293

 Prepaid expenses and other assets
1,500

 
1,311

Total current assets
90,813

 
132,564

Restricted investment (note 2)
12,601

 
12,601

Property and equipment
24,747

 
17,683

Less accumulated depreciation
(12,125
)
 
(10,738
)
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation
12,622

 
6,945

Intangible assets (note 3)
99,445

 
99,445

Goodwill (note 3)
24,364

 
24,364

Total assets
$
239,845

 
$
275,919

Liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (note 5)
$
6,403

 
$
9,910

 Deferred revenue (note 4)
15

 
15

 Liability-classified options (note 2)
1,817

 
553

 Warrants

 
107

Total current liabilities
8,235

 
10,585

Deferred lease incentives, net of current portion
744

 

Loan payable
12,001

 
12,001

Contingent consideration (notes 2 and 6)
10,211

 
9,065

Deferred tax liability
41,263

 
41,263

Total liabilities
72,454

 
72,914

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common shares
 

 
 

Authorized - unlimited number with no par value
 

 
 

      Issued and outstanding: 55,051,983
          (December 31, 2016 - 54,841,494)
876,049

 
867,393

 Additional paid-in capital
40,755

 
36,543

 Deficit
(699,631
)
 
(651,149
)
 Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(49,782
)
 
(49,782
)
Total stockholders' equity
167,391

 
203,005

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
239,845

 
$
275,919


Nature of business and future operations (note 1)
Contingencies and commitments (note 6)
Subsequent events (note 8)
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

F- 1



ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
(Unaudited)

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars, except share and per share amounts)
(Prepared in accordance with US GAAP)
 
Three months ended
Nine months ended
 
September 30,
September 30,
 
2017

 
2016

2017

 
2016

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue (note 4)
6,892

 
774

8,166

 
1,686

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research, development, collaborations and contracts
15,537

 
15,738

44,854

 
44,097

General and administrative
3,659

 
3,720

12,586

 
34,705

Depreciation of property and equipment
593

 
291

1,407

 
760

Impairment of intangible assets (note 3)

 


 
156,324

Total expenses
19,789

 
19,749

58,847

 
235,886

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss from operations
(12,897
)
 
(18,975
)
(50,681
)
 
(234,200
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income (losses)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
337

 
425

1,095

 
1,104

Interest expense
(76
)
 

(186
)
 

Foreign exchange gain (loss)
1,233

 
(795
)
2,458

 
2,180

Gain on disposition of financial instrument

 


 
1,000

Decrease (increase) in fair value of warrant liability (note 2)

 
10

(22
)
 
339

Increase in fair value of contingent consideration (note 6)
(197
)
 
(260
)
(1,146
)
 
(756
)
Total other income (losses)
1,297

 
(620
)
2,199

 
3,867

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss before income taxes
(11,600
)
 
(19,595
)
(48,482
)
 
(230,333
)
Income tax benefit

 


 
64,864

Net and comprehensive loss
$
(11,600
)
 
$
(19,595
)
$
(48,482
)
 
$
(165,469
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss per common share
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
$
(0.21
)
 
$
(0.37
)
$
(0.89
)
 
$
(3.15
)
Weighted average number of common shares
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
54,877,103

 
53,652,007

54,612,081

 
52,588,505

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

F- 2



ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars, except share and per share amounts)
(Prepared in accordance with US GAAP)
 
Number
of shares
 
Share
capital
 
Additional paid-in
capital
 
Deficit
 
Accumulated other comprehensive
loss
 
Total  
stockholders'  
equity
December 31, 2016
54,841,494

 
$
867,393

 
$
36,543

 
$
(651,149
)
 
$
(49,782
)
 
$
203,005

Stock-based compensation

 
7,972

 
5,198

 

 

 
13,170

Certain fair value adjustments to liability stock option awards

 

 
(962
)
 

 

 
(962
)
Issuance of common shares
    pursuant to exercise of options
31,489

 
203

 
(24
)
 

 

 
179

Issuance of common shares
    pursuant to exercise of warrants
179,000

 
481

 

 

 

 
481

Net loss

 

 

 
(48,482
)
 

 
(48,482
)
Balance, September 30, 2017
55,051,983

 
$
876,049

 
$
40,755

 
$
(699,631
)
 
$
(49,782
)
 
$
167,391

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

F- 3


ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow
(Unaudited)

(Expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars)
(Prepared in accordance with US GAAP)
 
Three months ended
Nine months ended
 
September 30,
September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
2017
 
2016
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss for the period
$
(11,600
)
 
$
(19,595
)
$
(48,482
)
 
$
(165,469
)
Items not involving cash:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Deferred income taxes

 


 
(64,864
)
 Depreciation of property and equipment
593

 
291

1,407

 
760

 Stock-based compensation - research, development,
  collaborations and contract expenses
2,468

 
2,759

8,145

 
8,225

 Stock-based compensation - general and administrative
  expenses
1,511

 
1,695

5,440

 
26,253

 Unrealized foreign exchange (gains) losses
(1,328
)
 
826

(2,578
)
 
(2,130
)
 Change in fair value of warrant liability

 
(10
)
22

 
(339
)
 Change in fair value of contingent consideration
197

 
260

1,146

 
756

 Impairment of intangible assets (note 3)

 


 
156,324

Net change in non-cash operating items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Accounts receivable
196

 
61

(573
)
 
613

 Investment tax credits receivable

 

133

 
98

 Prepaid expenses and other assets
83

 
584

(189
)
 
(263
)
 Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(1,805
)
 
(887
)
(3,513
)
 
(1,961
)
 Deferred revenue
(6,739
)
 
(696
)

 
(1,066
)
 Deferred lease incentives
744

 

744

 

Net cash used in operating activities
(15,680
)
 
(14,712
)
(38,298
)
 
(43,063
)
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Disposition (acquisition) of short and long-term investments, net
5,843

 
(712
)
34,192

 
(98,457
)
Acquisition of property and equipment
(538
)
 
(168
)
(7,076
)
 
(1,397
)
Net cash provided by (used) in investing activities
5,305

 
(880
)
27,116

 
(99,854
)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Issuance of common shares pursuant to exercise of options
61

 
76

66

 
192

Issuance of common shares pursuant to exercise of warrants

 

353

 
445

Net cash provided by financing activities
61

 
76

419

 
637

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash and
cash equivalents
1,327

 
(824
)
2,575

 
2,131

(Decrease) Increase in cash and cash equivalents
(8,987
)
 
(16,340
)
(8,188
)
 
(140,149
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
24,212

 
42,970

23,413

 
166,779

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
15,225

 
$
26,630

$
15,225

 
$
26,630

Supplemental cash flow information
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-cash transactions:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment tax credit received
108

 
$

108

 

Acquired property and equipment in trade payables

 
(266
)
6

 
(266
)
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

F- 4



ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Tabular amounts in thousands of US Dollars, except share and per share amounts) 

1.      Nature of business and future operations

Arbutus Biopharma Corporation (the “Company” or “Arbutus”) is a biopharmaceutical business dedicated to discovering, developing, and commercializing a cure for patients suffering from chronic hepatitis B infection, a disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus (“HBV”). The Company's portfolio of assets includes a broad pipeline of drug candidates to develop a cure for HBV and leverages the Company’s expertise in Lipid Nanoparticle ("LNP") technology.

The success of the Company is dependent on obtaining the necessary regulatory approvals to bring its products to market and achieve profitable operations. The continuation of the research and development activities and the commercialization of its products are dependent on the Company’s ability to successfully complete these activities and to obtain adequate financing through a combination of financing activities and operations. It is not possible to predict either the outcome of future research and development programs or the Company’s ability to continue to fund these programs in the future.

2.      Significant accounting policies

Basis of presentation

These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles of the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial statements and accordingly, do not include all disclosures required for annual financial statements. These statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2016 and included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect, in the opinion of management, all adjustments and reclassifications necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows at September 30, 2017 and for all periods presented. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and September 30, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements follow the same significant accounting policies as those described in the notes to the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company for the year ended December 31, 2016, except as described below.

Principles of Consolidation

These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its two wholly-owned subsidiaries, Arbutus Biopharma Inc. ("Arbutus Inc.") and Protiva Biotherapeutics Inc. ("Protiva"). All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated on consolidation.

Income or loss per share

Income or loss per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted loss per share does not differ from basic loss per share since the effect of the Company’s stock options, liability-classified stock option awards, and warrants are anti-dilutive. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, potential common shares of 5,339,714 (September 30, 20164,978,101) were excluded from the calculation of loss per common share because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.

Fair value of financial instruments

The Company measures certain financial instruments and other items at fair value.


F- 5



To determine the fair value, the Company uses the fair value hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs market participants would use to value an asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from independent sources. Unobservable inputs are inputs based on assumptions about the factors market participants would use to value an asset or liability. The three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value are as follows:

Level 1 inputs are quoted market prices for identical instruments available in active markets.
Level 2 inputs are inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability either directly or indirectly. If the asset or liability has a contractual term, the input must be observable for substantially the full term. An example includes quoted market prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability and will reflect management’s assumptions about market assumptions that would be used to price the asset or liability.

The following table presents information about the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques used to determine such fair value:
 
Level 1

 
Level 2

 
Level 3

 
September 30, 2017

Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
15,225

 

 

 
$
15,225

Short-term investments
72,954

 

 

 
72,954

Restricted investment
12,601

 

 

 
12,601

Total
$
100,780

 

 

 
$
100,780

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liability-classified options

 

 
$
1,817

 
$
1,817

Contingent consideration

 

 
10,211

 
10,211

Total

 

 
$
12,028

 
$
12,028


 
Level 1

 
Level 2

 
Level 3

 
December 31, 2016

Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
23,413

 

 

 
$
23,413

Short-term investments
107,146

 

 

 
107,146

Restricted investment
12,601

 

 

 
12,601

Total
$
143,160

 

 

 
$
143,160

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Warrants

 

 
$
107

 
$
107

Liability-classified options
 
 
 
 
553

 
553

Contingent consideration

 

 
9,065

 
9,065

Total

 

 
$
9,725

 
$
9,725









F- 6



The following table presents the changes in fair value of the Company’s warrants:
 
Liability at beginning of the period
 
Fair value of warrants exercised in the period
 
Increase (decrease) in fair value of warrants
 
Liability at end of the period
Nine months ended September 30, 2016
$
883

 
$
(247
)
 
$
(339
)
 
$
297

Nine months ended September 30, 2017
$
107

 
$
(129
)
 
$
22

 
$


On March 1, 2017, the remaining balance of the Company's warrants of 22,000 expired, resulting in a nil liability balance for the period-ended September 30, 2017. The change in fair value of warrant liability for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 is recorded in the statement of operations and comprehensive loss.

The following table presents the changes in fair value of the Company’s liability-classified stock option awards:
 
Liability at beginning of the period
 
Fair value of liability-classified options exercised in the period
 
Increase (decrease) in fair
value of liability
 
Liability at end
of the period
Nine months ended September 30, 2016
$
1,909

 
$
(54
)
 
$
(907
)
 
$
948

Nine months ended September 30, 2017
$
553

 
$
(103
)
 
$
1,367

 
$
1,817


The following table presents the changes in fair value of the Company’s contingent consideration:
 
Liability at beginning of the period
 
Increase in fair value of Contingent Consideration
 
Liability at end of the period
Nine months ended September 30, 2016
$
7,497

 
$
756

 
$
8,253

Nine months ended September 30, 2017
$
9,065

 
$
1,146

 
$
10,211


Recent accounting pronouncements

From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) or other standard setting bodies that are adopted by the Company as of the specified effective date.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606). The standard, as subsequently amended, is intended to clarify the principles for recognizing revenue and to develop a common revenue standard for U.S. GAAP and IFRS by creating a new Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This guidance supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in ASC 605, Revenue Recognition, and supersedes some cost guidance included in Subtopic 605-35, Revenue Recognition – Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts. The core principle of the accounting standard is that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those good or services. The amendments should be applied by either (1) retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented; or (2) retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying this ASU recognized at the date of initial application ("modified retrospective method"). The new guidance would be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, which for the Company means January 1, 2018. The Company anticipates applying the modified retrospective method for its implementation, and continues to evaluate the expected impact that the standard could have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures, which the Company believes most materially relates to the timing and recognition of its licensing and collaboration contracts that are described in note 4.




F- 7



In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. The update supersedes Topic 840, Leases and requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. Topic 842 retains a distinction between finance leases and operating leases, with cash payments from operating leases classified within operating activities in the statement of cash flows. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 for public business entities, which for the Company means January 1, 2019. The Company does not plan to early adopt this update. The extent of the impact of this adoption has not yet been determined. The Company currently has no assets that meet the definition of restricted cash.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. The update addresses eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing the existing diversity in practice. Under this update, the classification of cash receipts and payments that have aspects of more than one class of cash flows should be determined first by applying specific guidance in GAAP. In the absence of specific guidance, an entity should determine each separately identifiable source or use within the cash receipts and cash payments on the basis of the nature of the underlying cash flows. An entity should then classify each separately identifiable source or use within the cash receipts and payments on the basis of their nature in financing, investing, or operating activities. In situations in which cash receipts and payments have aspects of more than one class of cash flows and cannot be separated by source or use, the appropriate classification should depend on the activity that is likely to be the predominant source or use of cash flows for the item. The amendments in this update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 31, 2017, which for the Company means January 1, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The amendments in this update should be applied using a retrospective transition method to each period presented. If it is impracticable to apply the amendments retrospectively for some of the issues, the amendments for those issues would be applied prospectively as of the earliest date practicable. The Company is currently evaluating the extent of the impact of this adoption.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Statement of Cash Flows: Restricted Cash. The update requires the statement of cash flows to explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The amendments in this update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, which for the Company means January 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. If an entity early adopts the amendments in an interim period, any adjustments should be reflected as of the beginning of the fiscal year that included that interim period. The amendments in this update should be applied using a retrospective transition method to each period presented. The Company is currently evaluating the extent of the impact of this adoption.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. The update simplifies the subsequent measurement of goodwill by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. In computing the implied fair value of goodwill under the existing standard, an entity had to perform procedures to determine the fair value at impairment testing date of its assets and liabilities following the procedure that would be required in determining the fair value of assets required and liabilities assumed in a business combination. Instead, under the amendments in this update, an entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. The amendments in this update are effective for public business entities should be adopted for its annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, which for the Company means January 1, 2020. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the extent of the impact of this adoption.

F- 8




In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting. The amendments in this Update provide guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting under Topic 718. An entity should account for effects of a modification unless all of the following are met: (1) the fair value of the modified award is the same as the fair value of the original award immediately before the original award is modified; (2) the vesting conditions of the modified award are the same as the vesting conditions of the original award immediately before the original award is modified; (3) the classification of the modified award as an equity instrument or a liability instrument is the same as the classification of the original award immediately before the original award is modified. The amendments in this Update are effective for all entities for annual periods and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017, which for the Company means January 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in any interim period for public business entities for reporting periods for which financial statements have not yet been issued. The amendments in this Update should be applied prospectively to an award modified on or after the adoption date. The Company early adopted the amendments in this Update effective April 1, 2017. This adoption did not have an effect in the Company's statement of operations and comprehensive loss for the period beginning on the adoption date, to the period ended September 30, 2017, as no award modifications occurred.

3.      Intangible assets and goodwill

All in-process research and development (IPR&D) acquired is currently classified as indefinite-lived and is not currently being amortized. IPR&D becomes definite-lived upon the completion or abandonment of the associated research and development efforts, and will be amortized from that time over an estimated useful life based on respective patent terms. The Company evaluates the recoverable amount of intangible assets on an annual basis and performs an annual evaluation of goodwill as of December 31 each year, unless there is an event or change in the business that could indicate impairment, in which case earlier testing is performed.

The following table summarizes the carrying values of the intangible assets as at September 30, 2017:
 
September 30, 2017

December 31, 2016

IPR&D – Immune Modulators
$
40,798

$
40,798

IPR&D – Antigen Inhibitors
14,811

14,811

IPR&D – cccDNA Sterilizers
43,836

43,836

Total Intangible Assets
$
99,445

$
99,445


Impairment evaluation of goodwill

At September 30, 2017, the Company did not identify any new indicators of impairment. No impairment charge on intangible assets or goodwill was recorded for the period ended September 30, 2017 (three months ended September 30, 2016 - nil; nine months ended September 30, 2016 - $156,324,000).

4.      Collaborations, contracts and licensing agreements

The following table set forth revenue recognized under collaborations, contracts and licensing agreements, in thousands:

 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2017

 
2016

 
2017

 
2016

Alexion (a)
$
6,859

 
$

 
$
7,956

 
$

Dicerna (b)

 
727

 

 
1,292

Other milestone and royalty payments (c)
33

 
47

 
210

 
394

Total revenue
$
6,892

 
$
774

 
$
8,166

 
$
1,686


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(a)      License Agreement with Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ("Alexion")

On March 16, 2017, the Company signed a license agreement with Alexion that entitles Alexion to research, develop, manufacture, and commercialize products with the Company's lipid nanoparticle ("LNP") technology in their single orphan disease target. In consideration for the rights granted under the agreement, the Company received a $7,500,000 non-refundable upfront cash payment, as well as payments for services provided. This upfront payment was amortized over the period of expected benefit.

On July 27, 2017, the Company received notice of termination from Alexion for the Company's LNP license agreement. The termination was driven by a strategic review of Alexion's business and research and development portfolio, which included a decision to discontinue development of mRNA therapeutics. The $7,500,000 upfront payment received in March 2017 is non-refundable, and the Company has recorded the remaining deferred revenue balance of $6,739,000, as well as any revenue and costs related to closeout procedures in the statement of operations and comprehensive loss for the period ended September 30, 2017.

(b)      License and Development and Supply Agreement with Dicerna Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Dicerna”)

On November 16, 2014, the Company signed a License Agreement and a Development and Supply Agreement (together, the “Agreements”) with Dicerna to develop, manufacture, and commercialize products directed to the treatment of Primary Hyperoxaluria 1 (“PH1”). In consideration for the rights granted under the Agreements, Dicerna paid the Company an upfront cash payment of $2,500,000, as well as payments for manufacturing and services provided.

In September 2016, Dicerna announced the discontinuation of their DCR-PH1 program using the Company's technology. As such, the Company revised the estimated completion date of performance period from March 2017 to September 30, 2016, at which time the Company had no further remaining performance obligations. This resulted in the recognition of $1,066,000 in Dicerna license fee revenue for year ended December 31, 2016 and no revenue thereafter.

(c)      Agreements with Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Spectrum”)

On May 6, 2006, the Company signed a number of agreements with Talon Therapeutics, Inc. (“Talon”, formerly Hana Biosciences, Inc.) including the grant of worldwide licenses (the “Talon License Agreement”) for three of the Company’s chemotherapy products, Marqibo®, Alocrest (Optisomal Vinorelbine) and Brakiva (Optisomal Topotecan).

On August 9, 2012, the Company announced that Talon had received accelerated approval for Marqibo from the FDA for the treatment of adult patients with Philadelphia chromosome negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia in second or greater relapse or whose disease has progressed following two or more anti-leukemia therapies. Marqibo is a liposomal formulation of the chemotherapy drug vincristine. In the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company received a milestone of $1,000,000 based on the FDA's approval of Marqibo and will receive royalty payments based on Marqibo's commercial sales. There are no further milestones related to Marqibo but the Company is eligible to receive total milestone payments of up to $18,000,000 on Alocrest and Brakiva.

Talon was acquired by Spectrum in July 2013. The acquisition does not affect the terms of the license between Talon and the Company. On September 3, 2013, Spectrum announced that they had shipped the first commercial orders of Marqibo. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recorded $33,000 and $156,000 in Marqibo royalty revenue (three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 - $50,000 and $136,000 respectively). For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company accrued 2.5% in royalties due to TPC in respect of the Marqibo royalty earned by the Company – see note 6, contingencies and commitments.

5.      Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities are comprised of the following, in thousands:


F- 10



 
September 30, 2017

 
December 31, 2016

Trade accounts payable
$
2,291

 
$
3,215

Research and development accruals
2,955

 
3,131

Professional fee accruals
226

 
498

Deferred lease inducements
38

 
350

Payroll accruals
189

 
2,178

Other accrued liabilities
704

 
538

 
$
6,403

 
$
9,910


6.      Contingencies and commitments

Product development partnership with the Canadian Government

The Company entered into a Technology Partnerships Canada ("TPC") agreement with the Canadian Federal Government on November 12, 1999. Under this agreement, TPC agreed to fund 27% of the costs incurred by the Company, prior to March 31, 2004, in the development of certain oligonucleotide product candidates up to a maximum contribution from TPC of $7,179,000 (C$9,323,000). As at September 30, 2017, a cumulative contribution of $2,966,000 (C$3,702,000) had been received and the Company does not expect any further funding under this agreement. In return for the funding provided by TPC, the Company agreed to pay royalties on the share of future licensing and product revenue, if any, that is received by the Company on certain non-siRNA oligonucleotide product candidates covered by the funding under the agreement. These royalties are payable until a certain cumulative payment amount is achieved or until a pre-specified date. In addition, until a cumulative amount equal to the funding actually received under the agreement has been paid to TPC, the Company agreed to pay 2.5% royalties on any royalties the Company receives for Marqibo. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company earned royalties on Marqibo sales in the amount of $33,000 and $156,000 respectively (three and nine months ended September 30, 2016$50,000 and $136,000, respectively) (see note 4(c)), resulting in $4,000 being recorded by the Company as royalty payable to TPC (September 30, 2016 -$3,000). The cumulative amount paid or accrued up to September 30, 2017 was $21,000, therefore the remaining contingent amount due to TPC is $2,945,000 (C$3,675,000).

Arbitration with the University of British Columbia (“UBC”)

Certain early work on lipid nanoparticle delivery systems and related inventions was undertaken at the Company and assigned to the University of British Columbia (UBC). These inventions are licensed to the Company by UBC under a license agreement, initially entered in 1998 as amended in 2001, 2006 and 2007. The Company has granted sublicenses under the UBC license to Alnylam. Alnylam has in turn sublicensed back to the Company under the licensed UBC patents for discovery, development and commercialization of siRNA products. Certain sublicenses to other parties were also granted.

On November 10, 2014, UBC filed a notice of arbitration against the Company and on January 16, 2015, filed a Statement of Claim, which alleges entitlement to $3,500,000 in allegedly unpaid royalties based on publicly available information, and an unspecified amount based on non-public information. UBC also seeks interest and costs, including legal fees. The Company filed its Statement of Defense to UBC's Statement of Claims, as well as filed a Counterclaim involving a patent application that Arbutus alleges UBC wrongly licensed to a third party rather than to Arbutus. The proceedings have been divided into three phases, with a first hearing that took place in June 2017. The arbitrator determined in the first phase which agreements are sublicense agreements within UBC's claim, and which are not. No finding was made as to whether any licensing fees are due to UBC under these agreements; this will be the subject of the second phase of arbitration. A schedule for the remaining phases has not yet been set. Arbitration and related matters are costly and may divert the attention of the Company’s management and other resources that would otherwise be engaged in other activities. The Company continues to dispute UBC's allegations, and seeks license payments for said application, and an exclusive worldwide license to said application. However, the Company notes that arbitration is subject to inherent uncertainty and an arbitrator could rule against the Company. The Company has not recorded an estimate of the possible loss associated with this arbitration, due to the uncertainties related to both the likelihood and amount of any possible loss or range of loss. Costs related to the arbitration are recorded by the Company as incurred.


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Arbitration with Acuitas Therapeutics (“Acuitas”)

In August 2017, Arbutus provided Acuitas with notice that Arbutus considered Acuitas to be in material breach of the cross-license agreement.  The cross-license agreement provides that it may be terminated upon any material breach by the other party 60 days after receipt of written notice of termination describing the material breach in reasonable detail.  In October 2016, Acuitas filed a Notice of Civil Claim in the Supreme Court of British Columbia seeking an order that Arbutus perform its obligations under the Cross License Agreement, for damages ancillary to specific performance, injunctive relief, interest and costs.  The Company disputes Acuitas’ position, and filed a Counterclaim seeking a declaration that Acuitas is in breach of the Cross License Agreement, and claiming injunctive relief, damages, interest and costs. In January 2017, the Company filed an application seeking an order to enjoin Acuitas from, among other things, entering into any further agreements purporting to sublicense Arbutus’ technology from the date of the order to the date of trial or further order from the Court. In February 2017, the Company announced that the Supreme Court of British Columbia granted its request for a pre-trial injunction against Acuitas, preventing Acuitas from further sublicensing of the Company's lipid nanoparticle (LNP) technology until the end of October, or further order of the Court. Under the terms of the pre-trial injunction, Acuitas is prevented from entering into any new agreements which include sublicensing of the Company's LNP. In March 2017, Acuitas sought leave to appeal from the injunction decision and in April 2017, the appeal was denied. On September 29, 2017, the injunction order was extended by consent to March 2, 2018. The contractual issues concerning the Cross License Agreement (excluding the claims for damages) are set for trial for 10 days commencing on February 19, 2018.

Arbitration and related matters are costly and may divert the attention of the Company’s management and other resources that would otherwise be engaged in other activities. Costs related to the arbitration are recorded by the Company as incurred. No contingency asset was recorded by the Company for the period ended September 30, 2017, as the damages, interest and costs are not determined until following the trial.

Contingent consideration from Arbutus Inc. acquisition of Enantigen and License Agreements between Enantigen and the Baruch S. Blumberg Institute (“Blumberg”) and Drexel University (“Drexel”)

In October 2014, Arbutus Inc. acquired all of the outstanding shares of Enantigen pursuant to a stock purchase agreement. Through this transaction, Arbutus Inc. acquired a HBV surface antigen secretion inhibitor program and a capsid assembly inhibitor program, each of which are now assets of the Company, following the Company’s merger with Arbutus Inc.

Under the stock purchase agreement, Arbutus Inc. agreed to pay up to a total of $21,000,000 to Enantigen’s selling stockholders upon the achievement of certain triggering events related to Enantigen’s two programs in pre-clinical development related to HBV therapies. The first triggering event is the enrollment of the first patient in a Phase 1b clinical trial in HBV patients, which the Company believes is likely to occur in the next twelve-month period.

The regulatory, development and sales milestone payments had an initial estimated fair value of approximately $6,727,000 as at the date of acquisition of Arbutus Inc., and have been treated as contingent consideration payable in the purchase price allocation, based on information available at the date of acquisition, using a probability weighted assessment of the likelihood the milestones would be met and the estimated timing of such payments, and then the potential contingent payments were discounted to their present value using a probability adjusted discount rate that reflects the early stage nature of the development program, time to complete the program development, and market comparative data.

Contingent consideration is recorded as a financial liability, and measured at its fair value at each reporting date, based on an updated consideration of the probability-weighted assessment of expected milestone timing, with any changes in fair value from the previous reporting date recorded in the statement of operations and comprehensive loss (see note 2).

Drexel and Blumberg

In February 2014, Arbutus Inc. entered into a license agreement with Blumberg and Drexel that granted an exclusive, worldwide, sub-licensable license to three different compound series: cccDNA inhibitors, capsid assembly inhibitors and HCC inhibitors.


F- 12



In partial consideration for this license, Arbutus Inc. paid a license initiation fee of $150,000 and issued warrants to Blumberg and Drexel. The warrants were exercised in 2014. Under this license agreement, Arbutus Inc. also agreed to pay up to $3,500,000 in development and regulatory milestones per licensed compound series, up to $92,500,000 in sales performance milestones per licensed product, and royalties in the mid-single digits based upon the proportionate net sales of licensed products in any commercialized combination. The Company is obligated to pay Blumberg and Drexel a double digit percentage of all amounts received from the sub-licensees, subject to customary exclusions.

In November 2014, Arbutus Inc. entered into an additional license agreement with Blumberg and Drexel pursuant to which it received an exclusive, worldwide, sub-licensable license under specified patents and know-how controlled by Blumberg and Drexel covering epigenetic modifiers of cccDNA and STING agonists. In consideration for these exclusive licenses, Arbutus Inc. made an upfront payment of $50,000. Under this agreement, the Company is required to pay up to $1,200,000 for each licensed product upon the achievement of a specified regulatory milestone and a low single digit royalty, based upon the proportionate net sales of compounds covered by this intellectual property in any commercialized combination. The Company is also obligated to pay Blumberg and Drexel a double digit percentage of all amounts received from its sub-licensees, subject to exclusions.

Research Collaboration and Funding Agreement with Blumberg

In October 2014, Arbutus Inc. entered into a research collaboration and funding agreement with Blumberg under which the Company will provide $1,000,000 per year of research funding for three years, renewable at the Company’s option for an additional three years, for Blumberg to conduct research projects in HBV and liver cancer pursuant to a research plan to be agreed upon by the parties. Blumberg has exclusivity obligations to Arbutus with respect to HBV research funded under the agreement. In addition, the Company has the right to match any third party offer to fund HBV research that falls outside the scope of the research being funded under the agreement. Blumberg has granted the Company the right to obtain an exclusive, royalty bearing, worldwide license to any intellectual property generated by any funded research project. If the Company elects to exercise its right to obtain such a license, the Company will have a specified period of time to negotiate and enter into a mutually agreeable license agreement with Blumberg. This license agreement will include the following pre-negotiated upfront, milestone and royalty payments: an upfront payment in the amount of $100,000; up to $8,100,000 upon the achievement of specified development and regulatory milestones; up to $92,500,000 upon the achievement of specified commercialization milestones; and royalties at a low single to mid-single digit rates based upon the proportionate net sales of licensed products from any commercialized combination.

On June 5, 2016, the Company and Blumberg entered into an amended and restated research collaboration and funding agreement, primarily to: (i) increase the annual funding amount to Blumberg from $1,000,000 to $1,100,000; (ii) extend the initial term through to October 29, 2018; (iii) provide an option for the Company to extend the term past October 29, 2018 for two additional one year terms; and (iv) expand our exclusive license under the Agreement to include the sole and exclusive right to obtain and exclusive, royalty-bearing, worldwide and all-fields license under Blumberg's rights in certain other inventions described in the agreement.

7.      Concentrations of credit risk

Credit risk is defined by the Company as an unexpected loss in cash and earnings if a collaborative partner is unable to pay its obligations on a timely basis. The Company’s main source of credit risk is related to its accounts receivable balance which principally represents temporary financing provided to collaborative partners in the normal course of operations.

The Company does not currently maintain a provision for bad debts as the majority of accounts receivable are from collaborative partners or government agencies and are considered low risk.

The carrying amount of financial assets represents the maximum credit exposure. The maximum exposure to credit risk at September 30, 2017 was the accounts receivable balance of $846,000 (December 31, 2016 - $273,000).

All accounts receivable balances were current at September 30, 2017 and at December 31, 2016.


F- 13



8.      Subsequent events

Investment from Roivant Sciences Ltd ("Roivant")

On October 2, 2017, the Company announced that it entered into a subscription agreement with Roivant for the sale of Series A participating convertible preferred shares ("Preferred Shares:) to Roivant for gross proceeds of $116,400,000. The Preferred Shares are non-voting and are convertible into common shares at a conversion price of $7.13 per share (which represents a 15% premium to the closing price of $6.20 per share). The purchase price for the Preferred Shares plus an amount equal to 8.75% per annum, compounded annually, will be subject to mandatory conversion into common shares on October 16, 2021 (subject to limited exceptions in the event of certain fundamental corporate transactions relating to Arbutus’ capital structure or assets, which would permit earlier conversion at Roivant’s option). After conversion of the Preferred Shares into common shares, based on the number of common shares outstanding on October 2, 2017, Roivant would hold 49.90% of the Company's common shares. Roivant has agreed to a four year lock-up period for this investment and its existing holdings in Arbutus. Roivant has also agreed to a four year standstill whereby Roivant will not acquire greater than 49.99% of the Company's common shares or securities convertible into common shares.

The initial investment of $50,000,000 closed on October 16, 2017, and the remaining amount of $66,400,000 is expected to close by the end of the year upon satisfaction of customary closing conditions including regulatory and shareholder approvals, as applicable, under Canadian securities law.

License agreement with Gritstone Oncology, Inc. ("Gritstone")

On October 16, 2017, the Company entered into a license agreement with Gritstone that entitles Gritstone to research, develop, manufacture and commercialize  products with the Company’s LNP technology.  The total potential payments under this arrangement include upfront, development and commercial milestone payments and royalty payments on future product sales.


F- 14


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
You should read the following discussion and analysis by our management of our financial position and results of operations in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included as part of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 and our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017. Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and are presented in U.S. dollars.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS    
The information in this report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and forward looking information within the meaning of Canadian securities laws (collectively, “forward-looking statements”). Forward-looking statements in this report include statements about our strategy, future operations, clinical trials, prospects and the plans of management; the discovery, development and commercialization of a cure for HBV; our beliefs and development path and strategy to achieve a cure for HBV; obtaining necessary regulatory approvals; obtaining adequate financing through a combination of financing activities and operations; the possibility of receiving total milestone payments of up to $18,000,000 on Alocrest and Brakiva; an additional investment of $66,400,000 from Roivant and the expected timing thereof; the filing of a proxy statement by the Company with respect to the additional investment from Roivant; potential payments from the Gritstone license agreement; evaluating different treatment durations to determine the optimal finite duration of therapy; selecting combination therapy regimens and treatment durations to conduct Phase III clinical trials intended to ultimately support regulatory filings for marketing approval; approval for a single product from our pipeline by combining with available agents to improve upon the cure rate with the current standard of care; expanding our HBV drug candidate pipeline through internal development, acquisitions and in-licenses; initiating a 30-week Phase II study of ARB-1467 in combination with tenofovir and pegylated interferon in 4Q17, with interim results from this study expected in the second half of 2018, followed by final results in 2019; initiating an AB-423 Phase II multi ascending dose (MAD) study in HBV patients in 1Q18; an IND (or equivalent) filing for AB-506 in mid-2018; an IND (or equivalent) filing for AB-452 in mid-2018; nominating a clinical development candidate in early 2018; possible low to mid-single-digit royalty payments escalating based on sales performance as Alnylam’s LNP-enabled products are commercialized; payments from the Gritstone licensing agreement; the belief that current legal proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations, cash flows, or financial condition; the expected return from strategic alliances, licensing agreements, and research collaborations; statements with respect to revenue and expense fluctuation and guidance; having sufficient cash resources to fund our operations for at least the next 12 months; and the quantum and timing of potential funding.
With respect to the forward-looking statements contained in this report, we have made numerous assumptions regarding, among other things: meeting the conditions to close the additional investment of $66,400,000 from Roivant (including shareholder approval) LNP’s status as a leading RNAi delivery technology; our research and development capabilities and resources; the effectiveness of our products as a treatment for chronic HBV infection or other diseases; continued positive results from pre-clinical and clinical trials; the timing and quantum of payments to be received under contracts with our partners; assumptions related to our share price volatility, expected lives of warrants, and warrant issuances and/or exercises; and our financial position and its ability to execute our business strategy. While we consider these assumptions to be reasonable, these assumptions are inherently subject to significant business, economic, competitive, market and social uncertainties and contingencies.
Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements as a result of a number of important factors, including the risk factors discussed in this report and the risk factors discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K under the heading “Risk Factors,” and the risks discussed in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission and Canadian Securities Regulators. In addition, a further discussion with respect to the risks and uncertainties related to the additional investment of $66,400,000 from Roivant will appear in the Company’s Management Proxy Circular and Proxy Statement on Form 14A, which will be available at www.sedar.com and www.sec.gov once filed. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which reflect management’s analysis, judgment, belief or expectation only as of the date hereof. All forward-looking statements herein are qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement, and we explicitly disclaim any obligation to revise or update any such forward-looking statements or to publicly announce the result of any revisions to any of the forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect future results, events or developments, except as required by law.


F- 15


OVERVIEW

Arbutus Biopharma Corporation ("Arbutus", the "Company", "we", "us", and "our") is a publicly traded industry-leading Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) therapeutic solutions company. HBV represents a significant, global unmet medical need. Our goal is to develop curative treatment regimens of finite dosing duration. We believe that development can be accelerated when multiple components of a combination therapy regimen are controlled by the same company, therefore we have assembled a HBV pipeline consisting of multiple drug candidates with complementary mechanisms of action, each of which have the potential to improve upon the standard of care and contribute to curative combination treatment regimen. In addition to our HBV pipeline, our lipid nanoparticle (LNP) delivery technology is a key asset that has the potential to generate significant value through both new and existing partnerships and licenses.
 
HBV Product Pipeline

Our HBV product pipeline consists of multiple programs, with different mechanisms of action that have the objective of intervening at different points in the viral life cycle and reactivating the host immune system. For each program, we begin clinical development by evaluating the safety and activity of each drug individually in patients with chronic HBV infection. We will then study these new product candidates in combination with other treatments. While we will initially evaluate combinations with approved therapies, we also intend to study combinations of multiple complementary development stage agents that are proprietary to Arbutus. Once we have established a curative regimen with finite dosing duration, we will seek to improve that regimen in terms of efficacy, tolerability, duration, and convenience.


http://api.tenkwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=11869687&doc=13

We intend to continue to expand our HBV pipeline through internal development, acquisitions, and in-licenses. We also have a research collaboration agreement with the Baruch S. Blumberg Institute that provides exclusive rights to in-license any intellectual property generated through the collaboration.

RNAi (ARB-1467)

Our lead RNA interference (RNAi) HBV candidate, ARB-1467 (formerly TKM-HBV), is designed to reduce Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) expression in patients chronically infected with HBV. Reducing HBsAg is thought to be a key prerequisite to enable a patient’s immune system to raise an adequate immune response against the virus. The ability of ARB-1467 to inhibit numerous viral elements in addition to HBsAg increases the likelihood of affecting the viral infection.


F- 16


ARB-1467 is a multi-component RNAi therapeutic that simultaneously targets three sites on the HBV genome, including the HBsAg coding region. Targeting three distinct and highly conserved sites on the HBV genome is intended to facilitate potent knockdown of all viral mRNA transcripts and viral antigens across a broad range of HBV genotypes and reduce the risk of developing antiviral resistance. In preclinical models, ARB-1467 treatment results in reductions in intrahepatic and serum HBsAg, HBV DNA, covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA), Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and Hepatitis B c antigen (HBcAg). ARB-1467 was evaluated in a Phase I Single Ascending Dose (SAD) trial designed to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of intravenous administration of the product in healthy adult subjects. In the Phase I SAD study, healthy volunteer subjects were dosed up to a dose of 0.4 mg/kg but a defined maximum tolerated dose was not reached.

The Phase II trial is a multi-dose study in chronic HBV patients who are also receiving nucleot(s)ide analog (NA) therapy. The trial consists of four cohorts. The first three cohorts each enrolled eight subjects; six receiving three monthly doses of ARB-1467, and two receiving placebo. Cohort 4 enrolled twelve patients, all receiving five bi-weekly doses of ARB-1467, followed by monthly dosing for the reminder of a year for patients who meet a predefined response criteria. Cohorts 1, 2, and 4 enrolled HBeAg- patients and Cohort 3 enrolled HBeAg+ patients. ARB-1467 is administered at 0.2 mg/kg in Cohort 1 and 0.4 mg/kg in Cohorts 2, 3, and 4. Results from this trial based on multiple dose administration of ARB-1467 in Cohorts 1, 2 and 3 demonstrated significant reductions in serum HBsAg levels and showed a step-wise, additive reduction in serum HBsAg with each subsequent dose. The HBsAg reduction achieved after three monthly doses of 0.4mg/kg in Cohort 2 was greater than that seen at 0.2 mg/kg in Cohort 1, demonstrating a dose-response seen with repeat dosing. There were no significant differences in serum HBsAg reductions between HBeAg-negative and HBeAg-positive patients. In Cohort 4, five doses of ARB-1467 were administered on a bi-weekly dosing schedule. Initial results from the first three months demonstrated that all twelve patients had reductions in serum HBsAg levels with an average reduction of 1.4 log10, which was greater than that observed with monthly dosing in Cohorts 1-3. Seven of the twelve patients met the predefined response criteria at or before day 71 and five of the seven patients who met the response criteria had their serum HBsAg reduced to low absolute levels (below 50 IU/mL) during the bi-weekly dosing period. Initial results for the monthly dosing extension suggest that monthly dosing is not sufficient to maintain or improve upon these reductions in HBsAg levels. As a result, we have discontinued the monthly extension and new studies will utilize bi-weekly dosing. Overall treatment was well tolerated in all four cohorts (Cohorts 1, 2, 3, and 4).

We are initiating a triple combination study of our RNAi agent, ARB-1467, with current standard of care NAs and interferon (IFN) therapies, to evaluate the opportunity to improve current cure rates with a finite dosing period. The Phase II triple combination trial is a 30-week multi-dose study in HBV DNA positive chronic HBV patients. The trial will enroll 20 HBeAg- patients who will receive bi-weekly doses of ARB-1467 at 0.4 mg/kg and daily oral tenofovir NA doses for 30 weeks. Predefined treatment responders at 6 weeks will qualify for the addition of weekly pegylated interferon treatment, while continuing to receive bi-weekly doses of ARB-1467 and daily doses of tenofovir for the remaining 24 weeks. Patients will be followed for 24 weeks after the treatment period concludes. Interim on-treatment results from this trial are expected in the second half of 2018 followed by final results in 2019. Combination treatment has the potential to result in sustained HBV DNA and HBsAg loss in patients. Achieving this in a significant proportion of patients would put this Arbutus therapeutic on a potential late stage development and approval pathway.

Capsid Inhibitor (AB-423 & AB-506)

HBV core protein, or capsid, is required for viral replication and core protein may have additional roles in cccDNA function. Current NA therapy significantly reduces HBV DNA levels in the serum but HBV replication continues in the liver, thereby enabling HBV infection to persist. Effective therapy for patients requires new agents which will effectively block viral replication. We are developing core protein inhibitors (also known as capsid assembly inhibitors) as oral therapeutics for the treatment of chronic HBV infection. By inhibiting assembly of the viral capsid, the ability of HBV to replicate is impaired, resulting in reduced cccDNA.

AB-423 was evaluated in a Phase I Single Ascending Dose (SAD) and Multiple Ascending Dose (MAD) trial designed to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of oral administration of the product in healthy volunteers. AB-423 has been generally well-tolerated in this trial, with no serious adverse events following single doses up to 800mg and multiple doses up to 400mg twice daily. AB-423’s favorable safety and PK profile following single and multiple doses in healthy volunteers supports further evaluation of multiple-dose administration of AB-423 in patients with chronic HBV, which is expected to begin in HBV patients in the first quarter of 2018. Following initial studies of AB-423 in patients we will consider inclusion in a combination study with our other proprietary HBV assets, NAs, and IFN.

We recently nominated AB-506, a next-generation capsid inhibitor, for Investigational New Drug (IND)-enabling studies. In preclinical studies, this new capsid inhibitor has shown to have improved PK and potency through increased binding

F- 17


interaction with its target when compared to AB-423. Pending successful IND-enabling studies, this product candidate could be the subject of an IND (or equivalent) filing in 2018.

HBV RNA Destabilizer (AB-452)

In addition to our clinical candidates, we have a number of research programs aimed at the discovery and development of proprietary HBV candidates with different and complementary mechanisms of action. One of our most advanced preclinical programs, AB-452, a HBV RNA Destabilizer (formerly known as our oral surface antigen (HBsAg) inhibitor program) has novel activity in destabilizing HBV RNA, broad activity against HBV RNAs, and reduces HBsAg. In preclinical studies, AB-452 has shown synergistic effects when combined with two of Arbutus’ proprietary HBV RNAi agents in vitro. In in vivo, twice-a-day oral administration of AB-452 resulted in up to 1.4 log10 reduction of serum HBsAg in a dose dependent manner and correlated well with liver HBV RNA levels as well. This molecule has the potential for once daily oral dosing. Pending successful IND-enabling studies, this product candidate could be the subject of an IND (or equivalent) filing in 2018.

Additional Research Programs

We have designed a number of highly potent HBV-targeting RNAi payloads for use with our proprietary GalNAc conjugate platform to enable subcutaneous delivery. In preclinical models, our molecules display acute knockdown of viral proteins and a duration of effect that is highly competitive in the field. We observe a significant dose response, and a stepwise reduction in viral proteins when multi-dosing. We expect to nominate a clinical development candidate in early 2018. We also have ongoing discovery efforts focused on cccDNA targeting and checkpoint inhibition.

Our Proprietary Delivery Technology

Development of RNAi therapeutic products is currently limited by the instability of the RNAi trigger molecules in the bloodstream and the inability of these molecules to access target cells or tissues following administration. Delivery technology is necessary to protect these drugs in the bloodstream to allow efficient delivery and cellular uptake by the target cells. Arbutus has developed a proprietary delivery LNP platform. The broad applicability of this platform to RNAi development has established Arbutus as a leader in this new area of innovative medicine.

Our proprietary LNP delivery technology allows for the successful encapsulation of RNAi trigger molecules in LNP administered intravenously, which travel through the bloodstream to target tissues or disease sites. LNPs are designed to protect the triggers, and stay in the circulation long enough to accumulate at disease sites, such as the liver or cancerous tumors. LNPs are then taken up into the target cells by a process called endocytosis. Subsequent activation by the changing environment inside the cell causes the LNP to release the trigger molecules, which can then successfully mediate RNAi.

Ongoing Advancements in LNP Technology
Our LNP technology represents the most widely adopted delivery technology in RNAi, which has enabled several clinical trials and has been administered to hundreds of human subjects. We continue to explore opportunities to generate value from our LNP platform technology, which is well suited to deliver therapies based on RNAi, mRNA, and gene editing constructs. We have also made progress in developing a proprietary GalNAc conjugate technology to enable subcutaneous delivery of an RNAi therapeutic targeting HBsAg and/or other HBV targets.

F- 18


Partner Programs

Patisiran (ALN-TTR02)
Alnylam has a license to use our intellectual property to develop and commercialize products and may only grant access to our LNP technology to its partners if it is part of a product sublicense. Alnylam’s license rights are limited to patents that we have filed, or that claim priority to a patent that was filed, before April 15, 2010. Alnylam's patisiran (ALN-TTR02) program represents the most clinically advanced application of our LNP delivery technology, and results demonstrate that multi-dosing with our LNP has been well-tolerated with treatments out to 25 months. In September 2017, Alnylam announced that its Phase III study of patisiran met its primary efficacy endpoint and all secondary endpoints. Alnylam announced its intention to file a New Drug Application (NDA) in late 2017 and a Marketing Authorisation Application (MAA) in early 2018 for patisiran. We are entitled to single-digit royalty payments escalating based on sales performance as Alnylam’s LNP-enabled products are commercialized.

Gritstone Oncology
In October 2017, we entered into a license agreement with Gritstone Oncology (Gritstone) that granted them worldwide access to our portfolio of proprietary and clinically validated LNP products and associated intellectual property to deliver Gritstone’s RNA-based neoantigen immunotherapy products. Gritstone will pay us an upfront payment, payments for achievement of development, regulatory, and commercial milestones, royalties, and will reimburse us for conducting technology development and providing manufacturing and regulatory support for Gritstone’s product candidates.

Marqibo®
Marqibo, originally developed by Arbutus, is a novel, sphingomyelin/cholesterol liposome-encapsulated formulation of the FDA-approved anticancer drug vincristine. Marqibo’s approved indication is for the treatment of adult patients with Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph-ALL) in second or greater relapse or whose disease has progressed following two or more lines of anti-leukemia therapy. Our licensee, Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Spectrum), launched Marqibo through its existing hematology sales force in the United States. Spectrum has ongoing trials evaluating Marqibo in three additional indications, which are: first line use in patients with Philadelphia Negative Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (Ph-ALL), Pediatric ALL and Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. We are receiving mid-single digit royalty payments on sales of Marqibo.

Recent Developments

Acuitas Therapeutics Inc.    
In December 2013, we entered into a cross-license agreement with Acuitas Therapeutics Inc., or Acuitas. The terms of the cross-license agreement provided Acuitas with access to certain of our earlier intellectual property (IP) generated prior to April 2010 for a specific field.  On August 29, 2016, we provided Acuitas with notice that Arbutus considered Acuitas to be in material breach of the cross-license agreement.  On October 25, 2016, Acuitas filed a Notice of Civil Claim in the Supreme Court of British Columbia seeking an order that we perform our obligations under the cross-license agreement , for damages ancillary to specific performance, injunctive relief, interest and costs. We disputed Acuitas' position and filed a counterclaim seeking a declaration that Acuitas is in breach of the cross-license agreement, and claiming injunctive relief, damages, interest and costs. On January 10, 2017, we filed an application seeking an order to enjoin Acuitas from entering into any further agreements purporting to sublicense Arbutus' technology from the date of the order to the date of trial or further order from the court. Acuitas filed a response to Arbutus' application and the matter was the subject of a hearing on January 26, 2017, which resulted in the Supreme Court of British Columbia granting a pre-trial injunction against Acuitas. On February 8, 2017, Arbutus announced that the Supreme Court of British Columbia granted Arbutus’ request for a pre-trial injunction against Acuitas, preventing Acuitas from further sublicensing of Arbutus’ LNP technology until the end of October 2017, or further order of the Court. Under the terms of the pre-trial injunction, Acuitas is prevented from entering into any new agreements, which include sublicensing of Arbutus’ LNP. On March 7, 2017, Acuitas sought leave to appealed from the injunction decision and on April 3, 2017, the application for leave to appeal was denied. On September 29, 2017, the injunction order was extended by consent to March 2, 2018.  The contractual issues concerning the cross-license agreement (excluding the claims for damages) are set for trial for 10 days commencing on February 19, 2018.



F- 19


CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

There are no changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates from those disclosed in our annual MD&A contained in our Annual Report Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.


RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board or other standard setting bodies that are adopted by us as of the specified effective date. Unless otherwise discussed, we believe that the impact of recently issued standards that are not yet effective will not have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations upon adoption.

Please refer to Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1, "Financial Statements (Unaudited)" of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for a description of recent accounting pronouncements applicable to our business.

SUMMARY OF QUARTERLY RESULTS

The following table presents our unaudited quarterly results of operations for each of our last eight quarters. These data have been derived from our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, which were prepared on the same basis as our annual audited financial statements and, in our opinion, include all adjustments necessary, consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments, for the fair presentation of such information.

(in millions $ except per share data) – unaudited
 
Q3
 
Q2
 
Q1
 
Q4
 
Q3
 
Q2
 
Q1
 
Q4
 
2017
 
2017
 
2017
 
2016
 
2016
 
2016
 
2016
 
2015
Total revenue
6.8

 
1.0

 
0.2

 
(0.2
)
 
0.7

 
0.3

 
0.6

 
12.7

Expenses
(19.8
)
 
(20.5
)
 
(18.5
)
 
(257.2
)
 
(19.7
)
 
(195.6
)
 
(20.6
)
 
(24.4
)
Other income (losses)
1.3

 
1.2

 
(0.3
)
 
(1.4
)
 
(0.6
)
 
0.4

 
4.1

 
5.5

Loss before income taxes
(11.7
)
 
(18.3
)
 
(18.6
)
 
(258.8
)
 
(19.6
)
 
(194.9
)
 
(15.9
)
 
(6.2
)
Income tax benefit

 

 

 
40.1

 

 
64.9

 

 
1.0

Net loss
(11.7
)
 
(18.3
)
 
(18.6
)
 
(218.7
)
 
(19.6
)
 
(130.0
)
 
(15.9
)
 
(5.2
)
Basic and diluted net loss per share
$
(0.21
)
 
$
(0.33
)
 
$
(0.34
)
 
$
(4.05
)
 
$
(0.37
)
 
$
(2.47
)
 
$
(0.31
)
 
$
(0.10
)

Quarterly Trends

Revenue / Our revenue is derived from research and development collaborations and contracts, licensing fees, milestone and royalty payments.

In January 2014, we signed an Option Agreement and a Services Agreement with Monsanto for the use of our proprietary delivery technology and related intellectual property in agriculture. In Q4 2015, we recognized the remaining deferred revenue balance of $11.8 million as the estimated option period ended. In March 2016, Monsanto exercised its option to acquire 100% of the outstanding shares of Protiva Agricultural Development Company Inc. (PADCo), for which Monsanto paid us an exercise fee of $1.0 million in Q1 2016. We recorded this receipt in Q1 2016 as Other income (losses).

In November 2014, we signed a License Agreement and a Development and Supply Agreement with Dicerna for the use of our proprietary delivery technology and related technology intended to develop, manufacture, and commercialize products related to the treatment of PH1. In Q3 2016, Dicerna announced the discontinuation of their DCR-PH1 program using our technology, and we recognized the remaining balance of Dicerna license fee revenue of $0.6 million, as well as other Dicerna collaboration revenue for the provision of development services.


F- 20


In March 2017, we signed a License Agreement with Alexion that granted them exclusive use of our proprietary lipid nanoparticle (LNP) technology in one of Alexion's rare disease programs. Under the terms of the license agreement, we received a $7.5 million non-refundable upfront payment in April 2017, which was recognized over the expected period we provide services to Alexion. In Q3 2017, we received notice of termination from Alexion for our LNP license agreement, and completed close out procedures. The termination was driven by a strategic review of Alexion's business and research and development portfolio, which included a decision to discontinue development of mRNA therapeutics. As such, we recorded the remaining deferred revenue of $6.7 million for the non-refundable upfront payment, as well as revenue for any work done related to closeout procedures.

Under our licensing and collaboration arrangements with Alnylam and Acuitas, we earn licensing fee revenue from Acuitas as well as further potential development and commercial milestones and royalties from Alnylam for the use of our LNP technology.

In 2013, we began to earn royalties from Spectrum with respect to the commercial sales of Marqibo.

Expenses / Expenses consist primarily of clinical and pre-clinical trial expenses, personnel expenses, consulting and third party expenses, reimbursable collaboration expenses, consumables and materials, patent filing expenses, facilities, stock-based compensation and general corporate costs. Impairment of intangible assets and goodwill is also included in operating expenses.

Since Q4 2015, we have incurred significant R&D expense related to our HBV programs, including initiation of our ARB-1467 in Phase 2 clinical trials, and incurred costs in Q4 2016 to Q3 2017 to advance our AB-423 to Phase 1 clinical trials. In Q2 and Q3 2017, we also incurred costs related to our recently nominated product candidates: a second capsid inhibitor (AB-506) and a HBV RNA destabilizer (AB-452, formerly known as our oral surface antigen (HBsAg) inhibitor program). In Q2, 2016, we recorded an impairment charge of $156.3 million (before deferred tax) for the discontinuance of the ARB-1598 program in the Immune Modulators drug class after extensive research and analysis, as well as a delay for additional exploration of the biology of the cccDNA Sterilizer drug class. In Q4 2016, we recorded an impairment charge of $96.9 million for our intangible assets (before deferred tax) and impairment charge of $138.1 million for our goodwill which resulted from a change in estimated cost of capital and resulting discount rate used in our annual impairment assessment.

Following the merger with Arbutus Inc., we have recorded, to date, non-cash compensation expense of $57.1 million related to the expiry of repurchase rights on shares issued as part of the consideration paid for the merger with Arbutus Inc. - see "Results of Operations". The final tranche of repurchase rights expired in Q3 2017 so there won't be any further expense to record in this regard.

Other income (losses) / Other income (losses) consist primarily of changes in the fair value of our contingent consideration, interest income and expense and foreign exchange gains and losses. We have recorded increases in the fair value of contingent consideration since first recording this liability as a result of the merger with Arbutus Inc. in March 2015. This reflects the progress of our HBV programs that bring us closer to triggering the contingent amounts.

We have recorded foreign exchange gains and losses over the past eight quarters, largely related to U.S. dollar cash and investment holdings and fluctuations in the U.S./Canadian dollar exchange rate. We expect to record future foreign exchange gains and losses, on translation from the Canadian dollar, to the U.S. dollar, as the functional currency for the company changed to the U.S. dollar effective January 1, 2016. This change in functional currency results in a smaller proportion of our cash and investments being held in a foreign currency and therefore reduces the level of gains and losses we expect to record in this respect compared to periods prior to January 1, 2016.

Income tax benefit / Income tax benefit relates to the decrease in deferred tax liability associated with impairment charges recorded on acquired intangible assets as discussed above.

Net loss / Fluctuations in our net loss are explained by changes in revenue, expenses, other income (losses) and taxes as discussed above.


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following summarizes the results of our operations for the periods shown, in thousands (except for per share figures):

F- 21


 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Total revenue
$
6,892

 
$
774

 
$
8,166

 
$
1,686

Operating expenses
19,789

 
19,749

 
58,847

 
235,886

Loss from operations
(12,897
)
 
(18,975
)
 
(50,681
)
 
(234,200
)
Net loss
$
(11,600
)
 
$
(19,595
)
 
$
(48,482
)
 
$
(165,469
)
Basic and diluted loss per share
(0.21
)
 
(0.37
)
 
(0.89
)
 
(3.15
)

Revenue / Revenue is summarized in the following table, in thousands:
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
2017
 
% of Total
 
2016
 
% of Total
Alexion
$
6,859

 
100
%
 
$

 
%
Dicerna

 
%
 
$
727

 
94
%
Other milestone and royalty payments
33

 
%
 
47

 
6
%
Total revenue
$
6,892

 
 
 
$
774

 
 

 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2017
 
% of Total
 
2016
 
% of Total
Alexion
$
7,956

 
97
%
 
$

 
%
Dicerna

 
%
 
$
1,292

 
77
%
Other milestone and royalty payments
210

 
3
%
 
394

 
23
%
Total revenue
$
8,166

 
 
 
$
1,686

 
 

Revenue contracts are addressed in detail in the Overview section of Item 2 above.

Dicerna revenue

In November 2014, we signed a License Agreement and a Development and Supply Agreement with Dicerna for the use of our proprietary delivery technology and related technology intended to develop, manufacture, and commercialize products related to the treatment of PH1. Licensing fee revenue recognized in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 relates to the earned portion of the upfront payment of $2.5 million for the use of our technology, which was being recognized over the period we provided services to Dicerna. In September 2016, Dicerna announced the discontinuation of their DCR-PH1 program using the Company's technology. As such, we revised the estimated completion date of performance period to September 30, 2016, at which time we had no further remaining performance obligations.

Alexion revenue

In March 2017, we signed a License Agreement with Alexion that granted them exclusive use of our proprietary lipid nanoparticle (LNP) technology in one of Alexion's rare disease programs. Licensing fee revenue recognized in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 relates to the non-refundable upfront payment of $7.5 million for the use of our technology. In addition, we recognized collaboration revenue on the services provided to Alexion related to technology development, manufacturing and regulatory support for the advancement of Alexion's mRNA product candidate.

In July 2017, we received notice of termination from Alexion for our LNP license agreement. The termination was driven by a strategic review of Alexion's business and research and development portfolio, which included a decision to discontinue development of mRNA therapeutics. We recorded the remaining deferred revenue for the non-refundable upfront payment, as well as revenue for any work done related to closeout procedures in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017.

Other milestone and royalty payments


F- 22


Under our licensing and collaboration arrangements with Alnylam and Acuitas, we earn licensing fee revenue from Acuitas as well as further potential development and commercial milestones from Alnylam for the use of our LNP technology.

In September 2013, Spectrum announced that they had shipped the first commercial orders of Marqibo. We continue to earn royalties on the sales of Marqibo, which uses a license to our technology.

Expenses / Expenses are summarized in the following table, in thousands:
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
2017
 
% of Total
 
2016
 
% of Total
Research, development, collaborations and contracts
$
15,537

 
79
%
 
$
15,738

 
80
%
General and administrative
3,659

 
18
%
 
3,720

 
19
%
Depreciation
593

 
3
%
 
291

 
1
%
Total operating expenses
$
19,789

 
 
 
$
19,749

 
 

 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
2017
 
% of Total
 
2016
 
% of Total
Research, development, collaborations and contracts
$
44,854

 
76
%
 
$
44,097

 
19
%
General and administrative
12,586

 
21
%
 
34,705

 
15
%
Depreciation
1,407

 
2
%
 
760

 
%
Impairment of intangible assets

 
%
 
$
156,324

 
66
%
Total operating expenses
$
58,847

 
 
 
$
235,886

 
 

Research, development, collaborations and contracts

Research, development, collaborations and contracts expenses consist primarily of clinical and pre-clinical trial expenses, personnel expenses, consulting and third party expenses, consumables and materials, as well as a portion of stock-based compensation and general overhead costs.

R&D expenses remained consistent in the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and September 30, 2016. In all periods presented. our R&D expense relates to our HBV programs. During the first nine months of 2017, we initiated a Phase 1 clinical trial for AB-423 and incurred clinical costs as we continued our trials for ARB-1467, as well as costs for IND enabling studies for our recent candidate nominations, a second capsid inhibitor (AB-506) and a HBV RNA destabilizer (AB-452, formerly known as our oral surface antigen (HBsAg) inhibitor program). We also continue to incur costs related to research and preclinical activities for our other HBV programs.

A significant portion of our research, development, collaborations and contracts expenses are not tracked by project as they benefit multiple projects or our technology platform and because our most-advanced programs are not yet in late-stage clinical development. However, our collaboration agreements contain cost-sharing arrangements pursuant to which certain costs incurred under the project are reimbursed. Costs reimbursed under collaborations typically include certain direct external costs and hourly or full-time equivalent labor rates for the actual time worked on the project. As a result, although a significant portion of our research, development, collaborations and contracts expenses are not tracked on a project-by-project basis, we do, however, track direct external costs attributable to, and the actual time our employees worked on our collaborations.

General and administrative

General and administrative expenses decreased in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2016 due to a decrease in non-cash compensation expense related to the expiry of repurchase rights effective Q2 2016 related to the departure of two of the four former Arbutus Inc. founders in June 2016. As a result of this change, our quarterly non-cash compensation general and administrative expense decreased to $1.5 million per quarter. We recorded $4.0 million in the first nine months of 2017 compared to $24.5 million in the first nine months of 2016. The following table summarizes the non-cash compensation expense recorded related to the expiry of repurchase rights since the Arbutus Inc. acquisition in March 2015:


F- 23


 
Q3
 
Q2
 
Q1
 
Q4
 
Q3
 
Q2
 
Q1
 
Q4
 
Q3
 
Q2
 
Q1
 
2017
 
2017
 
2017
 
2016
 
2016
 
2016
 
2016
 
2015
 
2015
 
2015
 
2015
Research and development
$
1.5

 
$
1.5

 
$
1.5

 
$
1.5

 
$
1.5

 
$
1.5

 
$
1.5

 
$
1.5

 
$
1.4

 
$
1.0

 
$
0.3

General and administrative
1.0

 
1.5

 
1.5

 
1.5

 
1.5

 
18.5

 
4.5

 
4.5

 
4.3

 
3.1

 
0.9

Total non-cash compensation for repurchase rights expiration
$
2.5

 
$
3.0

 
$
3.0

 
$
3.0

 
$
3.0

 
$
20.0

 
$
6.0

 
$
6.0

 
$
5.7

 
$
4.1

 
$
1.2


Impairment of intangible assets

For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, we recorded an impairment charge of $156.3 million for the discontinuance of the ARB-1598 program in the Immune Modulator drug class after extensive research and analysis, as well as a delay for additional exploration of the biology of the cccDNA Sterilizer drug class. No impairment has been recognized in 2017.

Other income (losses) / Other income (losses) are summarized in the following table, in thousands:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Interest income
$
337

 
$
425

 
$
1,095

 
$
1,104

Interest expense
(76
)
 

 
(186
)
 

Foreign exchange gains (losses)
1,233

 
(795
)
 
2,458

 
2,180

Gain on disposition of financial instrument

 

 

 
1,000

Decrease (increase) in fair value of warrant liability

 
10

 
(22
)
 
339

Increase in fair value of contingent consideration
(197
)
 
(260
)
 
(1,146
)
 
(756
)
Total other income (losses)
$
1,297

 
$
(620
)
 
$
2,199

 
$
3,867


Foreign exchange gains (losses)

We continue to incur substantial expenses and hold cash and investment balances in Canadian dollars, and as such, will remain subject to risks associated with foreign currency fluctuations. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, we recorded a foreign exchange gain of $1.2 million and $2.5 million, respectively, which is primarily an unrealized gain related to an appreciation in the value of our Canadian dollar funds, from the previous period, when converted to our functional currency of U.S. dollars.

Gain on disposition of financial instrument

On March 4, 2016, Monsanto exercised its option to acquire 100% of the outstanding shares of our wholly-owned subsidiary, PADCo, as described above, and paid us an exercise fee of $1.0 million.

Decrease in fair value of warrant liability

On March 1, 2017, any remaining outstanding warrants expired. The increase in the fair value of warrants in the first nine months of 2017 relates to warrants exercised offset by reducing our warrant liability balance to nil as at September 30, 2017.

Increase in fair value of contingent consideration

Contingent consideration is a liability assumed by the Company from our acquisition of Arbutus Inc. in March 2015. In general, increases in the fair value of the contingent consideration are related to the progress of our programs as they get closer to triggering contingent payments.

Income tax benefit

During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, we recorded an income tax benefit of $64.9 million due to the decrease in deferred tax liability resulting from the impairment charge we recorded, as discussed above.


F- 24



LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

The following table summarizes our cash flow activities for the periods indicated, in thousands:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Net loss for the period
$
(11,600
)
 
$
(19,595
)
 
$
(48,482
)
 
$
(165,469
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities
3,441

 
5,821

 
13,582

 
124,985

Changes in operating assets and liabilities
(7,521
)
 
(938
)
 
(3,398
)
 
(2,579
)
 Net cash used in operating activities
(15,680
)
 
(14,712
)
 
(38,298
)
 
(43,063
)
 Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
5,305

 
(880
)
 
27,116

 
(99,854
)
 Net cash provided by financing activities
61

 
76

 
419

 
637

 Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash & cash equivalents
1,327

 
(824
)
 
2,575

 
2,131

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(8,987
)
 
(16,340
)
 
(8,188
)
 
(140,149
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
24,212

 
42,970

 
23,413

 
166,779

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
15,225

 
26,630

 
15,225

 
26,630


Since our incorporation, we have financed our operations through the sales of shares, units, debt, revenues from research and development collaborations and licenses with corporate partners, interest income on funds available for investment, and government contracts, grants and tax credits.

At September 30, 2017, we had an aggregate of $100.8 million in cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, and restricted investments as compared to an aggregate of $143.2 million in cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, and restricted investments at December 31, 2016.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, operating activities used $38.3 million in cash as compared to $43.1 million of cash used in the nine months ended September 30, 2016. The decrease in net cash used from operating activities is largely related to the $7.5 million license payment we received from Alexion during the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, investing activities increased cash by $27.1 million primarily due to the maturation of investments, offset by acquisition of capital assets for our new U.S. facility in Warminster. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, investing activities used $100.0 million in cash as we acquired short-term investments.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, financing activities increased cash by $0.4 million due to options and warrants exercised during the period. All unexercised outstanding warrants expired on March 1, 2017.

Cash requirements / At September 30, 2017 we held an aggregate of $100.8 million in cash, comprised of $15.2 million in cash and cash equivalents, $73.0 million in short-term investments, and $12.6 million in restricted investments. In October 2017, we announced that entered into a subscription agreement with Roivant Sciences LTd. ("Roivant") for the sale of Series A participating convertible preferred shares ("Preferred Shares") to Roivant for gross proceeds of $116.4 million. The initial investment of $50,000,000 closed on October 16, 2017, and the remaining amount of $66,400,000 is expected to close by the end of the year upon satisfaction of customary closing conditions including regulatory and shareholder approvals, as applicable, under Canadian securities law. For further details with respect to the Preferred Shares, please refer to our Form 8-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on October 3, 2017 or our material change report filed with the Canadian securities regulatory authorities on SEDAR on October 5, 2017.

We believe we have sufficient cash resources to fund our operations for at least the next 12 months. In the future, substantial additional funds will be required to continue with the active development of our pipeline products and technologies. In particular, our funding needs may vary depending on a number of factors including:


F- 25


the need for additional capital to fund future business development programs;
revenue earned from our legacy collaborative partnerships and licensing agreements, including royalty payments from Alnylam and royalties from sales of Marqibo from Spectrum;
revenue earned from ongoing collaborative partnerships, including milestone and royalty payments;
the extent to which we continue the development of our product candidates, add new product candidates to our pipeline, or form collaborative relationships to advance our products;
our decisions to in-license or acquire additional products or technology for development, in particular for our HBV therapeutics programs;
our ability to attract and retain corporate partners, and their effectiveness in carrying out the development and ultimate commercialization of our product candidates;
whether batches of drugs that we manufacture fail to meet specifications resulting in delays and investigational and remanufacturing costs;
the decisions, and the timing of decisions, made by health regulatory agencies regarding our technology and products;
competing technological and market developments; and
costs associated with prosecuting and enforcing our patent claims and other intellectual property rights, including litigation and arbitration arising in the course of our business activities.

We intend to seek to obtain funding to maintain and advance our business from a variety of sources including public or private equity or debt financing, collaborative arrangements with pharmaceutical companies and government grants and contracts. There can be no assurance that funding will be available at all or on acceptable terms to permit further development of our products.

If adequate funding is not available, we may be required to delay, reduce or eliminate one or more of our research or development programs or reduce expenses associated with non-core activities. We may need to obtain funds through arrangements with collaborators or others that may require us to relinquish most or all of our rights to product candidates at an earlier stage of development or on less favorable terms than we would otherwise seek if we were better funded. Insufficient financing may also mean failing to prosecute our patents or relinquishing rights to some of our technologies that we would otherwise develop or commercialize.

OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to investors.


CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS

The following table summarizes our contractual obligations as at September 30, 2017:
(in millions)
Payments Due by Period
 
Total
 
Less
than 1 year
 
1 – 3
years
 
3 – 5
years
 
More than
5 years
Contractual Obligations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Facility leases
$
8.4

 
$
1.6

 
$
2.1

 
$
1.4

 
$
3.3

Loan payable
$
12.0

 
$

 
$
12.0

 
$

 
$

Total
$
20.4

 
$
1.6

 
$
14.1

 
$
1.4

 
$
3.3


IMPACT OF INFLATION

Inflation has not had a material impact on our operations.

RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

We have not entered into any related party transactions in the periods covered by this discussion.

F- 26




OUTSTANDING SHARE DATA

As of October 31, 2017, we had 55,051,995 common shares, no par value, outstanding. In addition, we had outstanding 500,000 Series A participating convertible preferred shares, which will be mandatorily convertible into 7,037,839 common shares on October 16, 2021. Assuming the convertible preferred shares were converted as of October 31, 2017, we would have had 62,089,834 common shares outstanding at October 31, 2017.

ITEM 3.      QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

There have been no material changes in our quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.

ITEM 4.      CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

As of September 30, 2017, an evaluation of the effectiveness of our “disclosure controls and procedures” (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) was carried out by our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Chief Financial Officer (CFO). Based upon this evaluation, the CEO and CFO have concluded that as of September 30, 2017, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to the management of the registrant, including the CEO and CFO, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

It should be noted that while the CEO and CFO believe that our disclosure controls and procedures provide a reasonable level of assurance that they are effective, they do not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or internal control over financial reporting will prevent all errors and fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived or operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met.

During management's year-end assessment process for the period-ended December 31, 2016, a material weakness was identified over management's review of the annual impairment evaluation of intangible assets and goodwill; specifically the judgments made with respect to the estimated discount rate and the mathematical accuracy of the impairment calculation. Management did not perform a quantitative calculation of impairment at September 30, 2017 (refer to Note 3 of the condensed consolidated interim financial statements), and therefore, no application of the controls to which this material weakness related occurred during the period ended September 30, 2017. Management intends to continue to evaluate and, to the extent possible, remediate this material weakness throughout 2017.

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a–15(f) and 15d–15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the three months ended September 30, 2017 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

F- 27



PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.       LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We are involved with various legal matters arising in the ordinary course of business. We make provisions for liabilities when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Such provisions are reviewed at least quarterly and adjusted to reflect the impact of any settlement negotiations, judicial and administrative rulings, advice of legal counsel, and other information and events pertaining to a particular case. Litigation is inherently unpredictable. Although the ultimate resolution of these various matters cannot be determined at this time, we do not believe that such matters, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations, cash flows, or financial condition.

UBC Arbitration

Certain early work on liposomal delivery systems and related inventions was undertaken by us and assigned to the University of British Columbia (UBC). These inventions are licensed to us by UBC under a license agreement initially entered into in 1998 and subsequently amended in 2001, 2006 and 2007. We have granted sublicenses to these inventions to Alnylam.  Alnylam has in turn sublicensed these inventions back to us for discovery, development and commercialization of siRNA products. Certain sublicenses to other parties were also granted.

On November 10, 2014, UBC filed a demand for arbitration against us, BCICAC File No.: DCA-1623.  We received UBC’s Statement of Claims on January 16, 2015.  In its Statement of Claims, UBC alleges that it is entitled to C$3.5 million in allegedly unpaid royalties based on publicly available information, and an unspecified amount based on non-public information.  UBC also seeks interest and costs, including legal fees. Arbutus filed its Statement of Defense to UBC’s Statement of Claims on April 27, 2015, denying that UBC is entitled to any unpaid royalties. Arbutus also filed a Counterclaim involving a patent application that Arbutus alleges UBC wrongly licensed to a third party rather than to Arbutus. Arbutus seeks any license payments for said application, and an exclusive worldwide license to said application. The proceeding has been bifurcated into three phases, beginning with a first liability phase, addressing UBC’s Claims and Arbutus’ Counterclaim that was the subject of a hearing that took place June 19-30, 2017. The first phase was the subject of a hearing from June 19-30, 2017.   The arbitrator delivered his Partial Award regarding the first phase on 28 August 2017.  The Partial Award determined which agreements are sublicense agreements within the scope of UBC’s claim, and which are not.  No finding was made as to whether any licensing fees are due UBC under these agreements; this will be the subject of the second phase of the arbitration.  The arbitrator also held that the patent application that is the subject of the Counterclaim was not required to be licensed to Arbutus.  A schedule for the remaining phases has not yet been set.

Acuitas Therapeutics

On August 29, 2016, Arbutus provided Acuitas with notice that Arbutus considered Acuitas to be in material breach of the cross-license agreement.  The cross-license agreement provides that it may be terminated upon any material breach by the other party 60 days after receipt of written notice of termination describing the material breach in reasonable detail.  On October 25, 2016, Acuitas filed a Notice of Civil Claim in the Supreme Court of British Columbia seeking an order that Arbutus perform its obligations under the Cross License Agreement, for damages ancillary to specific performance, injunctive relief, interest and costs.  Arbutus disputes Acuitas’ position; and filed a counterclaim seeking a declaration that Acuitas is in breach of the cross-license agreement, and claiming injunctive relief, damages, interest and costs within the time frame prescribed by the Court. On January 10, 2017, we filed an application seeking an order to enjoin Acuitas from, among other things, entering into any further agreements purporting to sublicense Arbutus’ technology from the date of the order to the date of trial or further order from the Court. On February 8, 2017, Arbutus announced that the Supreme Court of British Columbia granted Arbutus’ request for a pre-trial injunction against Acuitas, preventing Acuitas from further sublicensing of Arbutus’ lipid nanoparticle (LNP) technology until the end of October, or further order of the Court. Under the terms of the pre-trial injunction, Acuitas is prevented from entering into any new agreements which include sublicensing of Arbutus’ LNP. On March 7, 2017, Acuitas sought leave to appeal from the injunction decision and on April 3, 2017, the application for leave to appeal was denied. On September 29, 2017, the injunction order was extended by consent to March 2, 2018.  The contractual issues concerning the cross-license agreement (excluding the claims for damages) are set for trial for 10 days commencing on February 19, 2018.



F- 28



ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS

There have been no material changes in our risk factors from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. However, a further discussion with respect to the risks and uncertainties related to the additional investment of $66,400,000 by Roivant will appear in Arbutus Management Proxy Circular and Proxy Statement on Form 14A, which will be available at www.sedar.com and www.sec.gov once filed.

ITEM 2.       UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

None.

ITEM 3.       DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None.

ITEM 4.       MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

ITEM 5.       OTHER INFORMATION

None.

ITEM 6.       EXHIBITS

See the Exhibit Index hereto.

F- 29



SIGNATURES
   Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized on November 2, 2017.
 
ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ Mark Murray
 
 
Mark Murray
 
 
President and Chief Executive Officer

F- 30



EXHIBIT INDEX
Number
Description
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101
Interactive Data Files
* Filed herewith.







F- 31
Exhibit


ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION

SUBSCRIPTION AGREEMENT FOR PREFERRED SHARES

TO:    ARBUTUS BIOPHARMA CORPORATION

The undersigned (the Subscriber) hereby irrevocably subscribes for and agrees to purchase from Arbutus Biopharma Corporation (the Company) that number of preferred shares in the capital of the Company (the Preferred Shares) set out below for the aggregate subscription amount set out below, representing a subscription price per Preferred Share of $100.00 (the Subscription Price), on the terms and subject to the conditions set out in this Subscription Agreement (as defined below). The Subscriber agrees to be bound by the terms and conditions set forth in the attached “Terms and Conditions of Subscription for Preferred Shares”.

SUBSCRIPTION AND SUBSCRIBER INFORMATION
Please print all information (other than signatures), as applicable, in the space provided below

Roivant Sciences Ltd.
 
Number of Tier 1 Preferred Shares: 500,000
(Name of Subscriber)
 

Tier 1 Subscription Amount: $50,000,000
(calculated as number of Tier 1 Preferred Shares divided by Subscription Price)
Account Reference (if applicable):
Number of Tier 2 Preferred Shares: 664,000
By: /s/Marianne L. Romeo
 
Tier 2 Subscription Amount: $66,400,000
(calculated as number of Tier 2 Preferred Shares divided by Subscription Price)
Authorized Signature

Head, Global Transactions & Risk Management
 
 
(Official Capacity or Title - if the Subscriber is not an individual)
(Name of individual whose signature appears above if different than the name of the subscriber printed above.)

Suite 1, 3rd Floor, 11-12 St. James Square
(Subscriber’s Address, including Municipality and State)
London, SW1Y 4LB, United Kingdom
                                                                                                info@roivant.com
(Telephone Number) (Email Address)
 
Account Registration Information:


(Name)
 
Delivery Instructions as set forth below:


(Name)


(Account Reference, if applicable) (Address)

(Contact Name)(Telephone Number)
(Account Reference, if applicable)
(Address, including Postal Code)
 

Number and kind of securities of the Company held, directly or indirectly, if any: 16,013,540 Common Shares






2

TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SUBSCRIPTION FOR PREFERRED SHARES

ARTICLE 1 - INTERPRETATION

1.1     Definitions

Whenever used in this Subscription Agreement, unless there is something in the subject matter or context inconsistent therewith, the following words and phrases shall have the respective meanings ascribed to them as follows:

Amending Agreements means, collectively, the Governance Agreement Amending Agreement, the Lock-Up Amending Agreement, the Registration Rights Amending Agreement and the Standstill Amending Agreement.

Arbutus Inc. means Arbutus Biopharma, Inc., a company incorporated pursuant to the laws of Delaware.

Articles of Amendment means the amendment of the articles of the Company to reflect, inter alia, the Subscriber Board Designation Right.

Business Day means a day other than a Saturday, Sunday or any other day on which the principal chartered banks located in Vancouver, British Columbia are not open for business.

Code means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

Common Shares means the common shares in the capital of the Company.

Company shall have the meaning ascribed to such term on the face page of this Subscription Agreement and includes any successor corporation to or of the Company.

Company Board means the board of directors of the Company as the same is constituted from time to time.

Company Circular means the notice of the Company Meeting to be sent to Shareholders and the management information circular to be prepared in connection with the Company Meeting together with any amendments thereto or supplements thereof, and any other information circular or proxy statement which may be prepared in connection with the Company Meeting.

Company IP means the Proprietary Rights owned by the Company disclosed by the Company in writing to the Subscriber concurrently herewith and identified as "Company IP".

Company Meeting means the special meeting of Shareholders to be held as soon as reasonably practicable to consider and seek, among other things, the Company Shareholder Approval, and any adjournment or postponements thereof held in accordance with the Company’s constating documents and Securities Laws.

Company Options means, at any time, stock options to acquire Common Shares granted under the Company’s Share and Omnibus Incentive Plans and similar plans, or otherwise, which are, at such time, outstanding and unexercised, whether or not vested.

Company Shareholder Approval means: (i) a special resolution of Shareholders approving the Articles of Amendment; (ii) the “minority approval” of the MI 61-101 Resolution, in accordance with MI 61-101; and (iii) if required by NASDAQ, the approval by the holders of Common Shares to the issuance by the Company of the Tier 2 Preferred Shares under the applicable NASDAQ rules, in each case to be sought at the Company Meeting.

Employee Benefit Plan has the meaning ascribed thereto in Section 5.1(iii).





3

Environmental Approvals means all permits, certificates, authorizations, approvals, orders, consents, instructions, registrations, directions, decisions, decrees, conditions, notifications, demands, filings, licenses or permits whether or not having the force of Law, issued by any Governmental Entity pursuant to any Environmental Laws.

Environmental Laws means all applicable Laws whether foreign or domestic, including applicable common law, relating to the protection of the environment and employee and public health and safety, and for the regulation of contaminants, pollutants, waste, toxic and hazardous substances and includes Environmental Approvals.

ERISA has the meaning ascribed thereto in Section 5.1(iii).

ERISA Affiliate has the meaning ascribed thereto in Section 5.1(iii).

Evaluation Date has the meaning ascribed thereto in Section 5.1(w).

Fundamental Company Representations and Warranties means those representations and warranties of the Company in Sections 5.1(a), 5.1(b), 5.1(c), 5.1(d), 5.1(e), 5.1(f), 5.1(g), 5.1(h), 5.1(j), 5.1(q), 5.1(z), 5.1(aa),
5.1(dd), 5.1(oo), 5.1(qq), 5.1(ss), 5.1(xx), 5.1(yy) and 5.1(ccc).

Fundamental Subscriber Representations and Warranties means those representations and warranties of the Purchaser in Sections 6.1(a), 6.1(b), 6.1(e), 6.1(g), 6.1(h) and 6.1(k).

GAAP has the meaning ascribed thereto in Section 5.1(r).

Governance Agreement means that certain Governance Agreement, dated as of January 11, 2015, by and between the Company and the Subscriber.

Governance Agreement Amendment has the meaning ascribed thereto in Section 5.4(g)(ii), as affected by the Governance Agreement Amending Agreement.

Governance Agreement Amending Agreement means the amending agreement dated effective as of the Tier 1 Closing Date, in substantially the form attached hereto as Schedule “D”.

Governmental Entity means any applicable: (i) multinational, federal, provincial, state, regional, municipal, local or other government, governmental or public department, central bank, court, tribunal, arbitral body, commission, board, bureau, stock exchange or agency, whether domestic or foreign, (ii) any subdivision, agency, commission, board or authority of any of the foregoing, or (iii) any quasi governmental or private body exercising any regulatory, expropriation or taxing authority under or for the account of any of the foregoing.

Independence Standards means the standards set forth in NASDAQ Marketplace Rule 4200(a)(15) or any successor rule thereto, but not including the requirements for audit committee members set forth in NASDAQ Marketplace Rule 4350(d).

Laws means all laws, by-laws, rules, regulations, orders, ordinances, protocols, codes, guidelines, instruments, policies, notices, directions and judgments or other requirements of any Governmental Entity whether foreign or domestic.

Licensed IP means the Proprietary Rights wholly-owned or co-owned by any person other than the Company as disclosed by the Company in writing to the Subscriber concurrently herewith and identified as "Licensed IP".

Licenses has the meaning ascribed thereto in Section 5.1(gg).

Lien means any encumbrance or title defect of whatever kind or nature, regardless of form, whether or not registered or registerable and whether or not consensual or arising by law (statutory or otherwise), including any







4

mortgage, lien, charge, pledge or security interest, whether fixed or floating, or any assignment, lease, option, right of pre-emption, privilege, encumbrance, easement, servitude, right of way, restrictive covenant, right of use or any other right or claim of any kind or nature whatever which affects ownership or possession of, or title to, any interest in, or the right to use or occupy such property or assets.

Lock-Up Amending Agreement means amended and restated lock-up agreement dated effective as of the Tier 1 Closing Date, in substantially the form attached hereto as Schedule “E”.

Material Adverse Effect means, with respect to any entity, any event, circumstance, development, change or effect on the business, operations or capital of such entity that would reasonably expected to be materially adverse to the condition (financial or otherwise), assets, properties, capital, liabilities (contingent or otherwise), business or operations of such entity and its subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, except to the extent that such event, circumstance, development, change or effect results from or is caused by: (i) worldwide, national or local conditions or circumstances whether they are economic, political, regulatory or otherwise, including war, armed hostilities, acts of terrorism, emergencies, crises and natural disasters, (ii) changes affecting the worldwide biopharmaceutical industry in general and which does not have a disproportionate effect on such entity as compared to other industry participants, (iii) the announcement of this Subscription Agreement and the Offering contemplated by it, or (iv) any act or omission of such entity taken with the prior consent or at the request of the Subscriber.

MI 61-101 means Multilateral Instrument 61-101 - Protection of Minority Security Holders in Special Transactions.

MI 61-101 Resolution means the resolution in respect of (i) the issuance by the Company of the Tier 2 Preferred Shares to be considered at the Company Meeting and (ii) the Articles of Amendment, in substantially the form attached hereto as Schedule “A”.

NASDAQ means the NASDAQ Global Market (or its successor); provided, that if the Company moves the principal listing of its Common Shares to the NASDAQ Global Select Market, NASDAQ Capital Market or The New York Stock Exchange (or any of their respective successors), “NASDAQ” shall be deemed to refer to such exchange.

Offered Shares means the Preferred Shares offered to the Subscriber under the Offering pursuant to this Subscription Agreement.

Offering means the private placement of the Offered Shares.

Order means any order, decision, judgment, writ, injunction, decree, award or other determination of any Governmental Entity whether foreign or domestic.

Parties mean the Company and the Subscriber, and Party means either of them, as the context requires.

person means any individual (whether acting as an executor, trustee administrator, legal representative or otherwise), corporation, firm, partnership, sole proprietorship, syndicate, joint venture, trustee, trust, unincorporated organization or association, and pronouns have a similar extended meaning.

Preferred Shares shall have the meaning ascribed to such term on the face page of this Subscription Agreement, having such rights and restrictions substantially as set out in Schedule “B” hereto.

Proprietary Rights means any intellectual property and the technology used in the course of the Company’s business and which is material to the Company’s business, taken as a whole, including; (i) all inventions·(whether patentable or unpatentable and whether or not reduced to practice), all improvements thereto, and all patents and published patent applications, together with all reissue, divisional, continuation or continuation-in-part applications, revisions, extensions and re-examinations thereof, (ii) all trademarks, trade






5

dress, logos, trade-names, business names, corporate names and domain names together with all translations, adaptions, derivations and combinations thereof and including all goodwill associated therewith; (iii) all copyrightable works, all copyrights, and all applications, registrations and renewals associated therewith; (iv) all proprietary or confidential information and trade-secrets and know-how, (v) all software; (vi) any copies and tangible embodiments of the foregoing (in whatever form or medium);(vii) all registrations, applications and renewals for any of the intellectual property and the technology referred to above; and (viii) all common law statutory and contractual rights to the intellectual property and the technology referred to above.

Protiva means Protiva Biotherapeutics Inc., a company incorporated pursuant to the laws of British Columbia.

Public Record means all press releases, forms, reports, schedules, financial statements, management’s discussions and analysis of financial conditions and operations, certifications, annual information forms, management information circulars, material change reports and other documents required to be filed by the Company since December 31, 2016 (such forms, reports, schedules, statements, certifications and other documents to include any financial statements or other documents, including any schedules included therein).

Registration Rights Agreement means that certain Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of January 11, 2015, by and among the Company and the Shareholders party thereto, as amended on November 2, 2015.

Registration Rights Amending Agreement means the amending agreement dated effective as of the Tier 1 Closing Date, in substantially the form attached hereto as Schedule “F”.

Registration Rights Amendment has the meaning ascribed thereto in Section 5.4(g)(i), as affected by the Registration Rights Amending Agreement.

Regulation D means Regulation D promulgated under the U.S. Securities Act.

SEC means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

SEC Reports has the meaning ascribed thereto in Section 5.1(eee).

Securities Laws means, as applicable, the securities Laws, regulations, rules, rulings and Orders in each of the provinces of Canada and the federal and state securities laws of the United States, all written instruments, rules, regulations and Orders and applicable policy statements having the force of law of the applicable securities regulatory authorities including, without limitation, the SEC, as well as the policies and rules of NASDAQ.

Shareholders means the holders from time to time of Common Shares or Preferred Shares, collectively or individually, as the context requires.

Standstill Agreement means the standstill agreement between the Company and the Subscriber dated January 11, 2015.

Standstill Amending Agreement means the amending agreement dated effective as of the Tier 1 Closing Date, in substantially the form attached hereto as Schedule “G”.

Subscriber means the subscriber for the Offered Shares as set out on the face page of this Subscription Agreement.

Subscriber Board Designation Right means the right of the Subscriber to nominate (and nominate any replacement should any of its nominees not be able to serve as a director for any reason) (i) three (3) out of seven (7) individuals for election to the Company Board, one (1) of whom shall satisfy the Independence Standards, at each meeting of Shareholders for so long as the Subscriber has a beneficial ownership equal to at least 30% of the outstanding Common Shares; (ii) two (2) out of seven (7) individuals for election to the Company Board at each meeting of Shareholders for so long as the Subscriber has a beneficial ownership equal to at least 20% of the outstanding Common Shares; and (iii) one (1) out of seven (7) individuals for election to





6

the Company Board at each meeting of Shareholders for so long as the Subscriber has a beneficial ownership equal to at least 10% of the outstanding Common Shares; provided that the Subscriber’s percentage beneficial ownership of Common Shares shall be determined based on the sum of (i) the total number of Common Shares beneficially owned by the Subscriber in the form of Common Shares and (ii) the total number of Common Shares into which the Preferred Shares beneficially owned by the Purchaser are convertible, and outstanding Common Shares shall be determined based on the sum of (x) the number of outstanding Common Shares as of the date of determination and (y) the Underlying Common Shares.

Subscription Agreement means this subscription agreement (including any schedules hereto) and any instrument amending this Subscription Agreement.

Subscription Price shall have the meaning ascribed to such term on the face page of this Subscription Agreement, being $100.00 per Preferred Share.

Subsidiaries means the Company's wholly-owned subsidiaries as of the date hereof, being Arbutus Inc. and Protiva.

Tax and Taxes means all taxes, assessments, charges, dues, duties, rates, fees, imposts, levies and similar charges of any kind lawfully levied, assessed or imposed by any Governmental Entity, including any estimated taxes, deficiency assessments, additions to tax, penalties and interest.

Tax Returns means all returns, schedules, elections, declarations, reports, information returns, notices, forms, statements and other documents made, prepared or filed with any taxing authority or required to be made, prepared or filed with any taxing authority relating to Taxes, including any amendments, attachments and schedules with respect to any of the foregoing.

Tier 1 Closing shall have the meaning ascribed to such term in Section 4.1.

Tier 2 Closing shall have the meaning ascribed to such term in Section 4.4.

Tier 1 Closing Date shall have the meaning ascribed to such term in Section 4.1. Tier 2 Closing Date shall have the meaning ascribed to such term in Section 4.4. Tier 1 Closing Time shall have the meaning ascribed to such term in Section 4.1. Tier 2 Closing Time shall have the meaning ascribed to such term in Section 4.4.
Tier 1 Preferred Shares has the meaning ascribed to such term on the face page of this Subscription Agreement, being 500,000 Preferred Shares.

Tier 2 Preferred Shares has the meaning ascribed to such term on the face page of this Subscription Agreement, being up to a maximum in the aggregate of 664,000 Preferred Shares.

Tier 1 Subscription Amount has the meaning ascribed to such term on the face page of this Subscription Agreement.

Tier 2 Subscription Amount has the meaning ascribed to such term on the face page of this Subscription Agreement.

Underlying Common Shares means the Common Shares that are issuable upon conversion of the Offered Shares.

United States means the United States of America, its territories and possessions, any State of the United States and the District of Columbia.








7

U.S. Exchange Act means the United States Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

U.S. Securities Act means the United States Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

1.2         Gender and Number

Words importing the singular number only shall include the plural and vice versa, words importing the masculine gender shall include the feminine gender and words importing persons shall include firms and corporations and vice versa.

1.3        Currency

The symbol “$” is expressed in United States dollars.

1.4        Subdivisions and Headings

The division of this Subscription Agreement into Articles, Sections, Schedules and other subdivisions and the inclusion of headings are for convenience of reference only and shall not affect the construction or interpretation of this Subscription Agreement. The headings in this Subscription Agreement are not intended to be full or precise descriptions of the text to which they refer. Unless something in the subject matter or context is inconsistent therewith, references herein to an Article, Section, Subsection, paragraph, clause or Schedule are to the applicable article, section, subsection, paragraph, clause or schedule of this Subscription Agreement.

ARTICLE 2 - SCHEDULES

2.1    Description of Schedules

The following are the Schedules attached to and incorporated in this Subscription Agreement by reference and deemed to be a part hereof:

Schedule “A”    -    Form of MI 61-101 Resolution Schedule “B”    -    Preferred Share Rights and Restrictions Schedule “C”    -    Opinions of Company’s Counsel
Schedule “D”    -    Governance Agreement Amending Agreement Schedule “E”    -    Lock-Up Amending Agreement
Schedule “F”    -    Registration Rights Amending Agreement Schedule “G”    -    Standstill Amending Agreement

ARTICLE 3- SUBSCRIPTION

3.1        Subscription for Tier 1 Preferred Shares

(a)
The Subscriber hereby commits, subject only to the satisfaction or written waiver by the Subscriber of the conditions precedent set forth in Section 4.2, to subscribe for and purchase the Tier 1 Preferred Shares from the Company for the Tier 1 Subscription Amount payable as described in Section 3.3(a), which, upon acceptance by the Company, will constitute a binding commitment by the Company, subject only to the satisfaction or written waiver by the Company of the conditions precedent set forth in Section 4.3, to issue to the Subscriber the Tier 1 Preferred Shares, all on the terms and subject to the conditions set out in this Subscription Agreement.

(b)
The Tier 1 Preferred Shares will be issued and registered in the name of the Subscriber as per the instructions on page 1 of this Subscription Agreement without registration of the Tier 1 Preferred Shares under the U.S. Securities Act or qualified by prospectus under any Securities Law.





8

3.2        Subscription for Tier 2 Preferred Shares

(a)
The Subscriber hereby commits, subject only to the satisfaction or written waiver by the Subscriber of the conditions precedent set forth in Section 4.5, to subscribe for and purchase the Tier 2 Preferred Shares from the Company for the Tier 2 Subscription Amount payable as described in Section 3.3(b), which, upon acceptance by the Company, will constitute a binding commitment by the Company, subject only to the satisfaction or written waiver by the Company of the conditions precedent set forth in Section 4.6, to issue to the Subscriber the Tier 2 Preferred Shares, all on the terms and subject to the conditions set out in this Subscription Agreement.

(b)
If the conditions for the purchase and sale of the Tier 2 Preferred Shares are satisfied (or waived by the Party entitled to do so), the Tier 2 Preferred Shares will be issued and registered in the name of the Subscriber as per the instructions on page 1 of this Subscription Agreement without registration of the Tier 1 Preferred Shares under the U.S. Securities Act or qualified by prospectus under any Securities Law.

3.3        Payment for Preferred Shares

(a)
The Tier 1 Subscription Amount shall be paid at the Tier 1 Closing Time by a direct funds transfer or a wire transfer to the Company arranged with the Company in advance.

(b)
The Tier 2 Subscription Amount shall be paid at the Tier 2 Closing Time by a direct funds transfer or a wire transfer to the Company arranged with the Company in advance.

ARTICLE 4 - CLOSINGS

4.1        Tier 1 Closing

Subject to the receipt of all completed documentation in accordance with Sections 4.2 and 4.3, the delivery and sale of the Tier 1 Preferred Shares will be completed (the Tier 1 Closing) at the offices of the Company’s counsel, Farris, Vaughn, Wills & Murphy LLP, in Vancouver, British Columbia at 6:30 a.m. (Vancouver time) (the Tier 1 Closing Time) on the second (2nd) Business Day following the performance and satisfaction of the terms and conditions contained in Sections 4.2 and 4.3 of this Subscription Agreement (the date of such closing, the Tier 1 Closing Date), or such other place, date or time as the Company and the Subscriber may agree.

If, prior to or at the Tier 1 Closing Time, the terms and conditions contained in Sections 4.2 and 4.3 of this Subscription Agreement have been complied with to the satisfaction of the Subscriber and the Company, respectively, each acting reasonably, or waived by the Subscriber and the Company, as the case may be, the Subscriber shall deliver to the Company at the Tier 1 Closing Time (i) a direct funds transfer or wire transfer in satisfaction of the Tier 1 Subscription Amount for the Tier 1 Preferred Shares, against delivery by the Company of one or more certificates representing the Tier 1 Preferred Shares registered in the name of the Subscriber and bearing an appropriate legend (as set forth herein) referring to the fact that the Tier 1 Preferred Shares were sold in reliance upon an exemption from (x) registration under the U.S. Securities Act and (y) the prospectus requirement of applicable Securities Law in British Columbia, but otherwise free and clear of all restrictive or other legends or statements or, if the Tier 1 Preferred Shares are entered in a direct registration system, the written notice of such entry; (ii) executed counterparts to the Amending Agreements; and (iv) such other documentation as may be required pursuant to this Subscription Agreement. For certainty, any certificate or notice of entry into a direct registration system shall bear any legends required by the U.S. Securities Act or other Securities Laws, including the legend set forth in Section 6.2(g) hereof.

4.2        Subscriber’s Conditions to Tier 1 Closing

The Company acknowledges and agrees that the obligations of the Subscriber hereunder are conditional on the accuracy in all material respects of the representations and warranties of the Company contained in this





9

Subscription Agreement as of the date of this Subscription Agreement, and as of the Tier 1 Closing Time as if made at and as of the Tier 1 Closing Time (except with respect to representations and warranties which relate to a specific date, in which case such representations and warranties shall be materially accurate as of such date), and the fulfillment of the following additional conditions as soon as reasonably practicable and in any event not later than the Tier 1 Closing Time:

(a)
the Subscriber shall have received a written waiver from the Company of the provisions of the Standstill Agreement that would otherwise prohibit the execution of this Subscription Agreement or the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby, including the Subscriber’s acquisition of the Tier 1 Preferred Shares;

(b)
the Subscriber having received evidence, in a form satisfactory to the Subscriber and its legal counsel, acting reasonably, of the alteration to the Company’s constating documents to reflect the Preferred Shares rights and restrictions substantially as set out in Schedule “B”;

(c)
the Subscriber having received an opinion from the Company’s counsel as to the matters set out in Schedule “C”;

(d)
the Subscriber and its legal counsel receiving a certificate from the Company, in form and substance acceptable to the Subscriber and its legal counsel, acting reasonably, dated the Tier 1 Closing Date signed by the Chief Executive Officer or Chief Financial Officer (or such other officer(s) acceptable to the Subscriber) certifying:

(i)
the constating documents of the Company;

(ii)
the resolutions of the Company Board and the ad hoc independent committee of the Company Board (comprised of all of the members of the Audit Committee of the Company) and any other corporation authorization related to the Offering, the allotment and sale of the Tier 1 Preferred Shares, the reservation of the Underlying Common Shares, the authorization of this Subscription Agreement, the Amending Agreements and the other agreements and transactions contemplated by this Subscription Agreement; and

(iii)
the incumbency and signatures of signing officers of the Company;

(e)
the Subscriber and its legal counsel receiving certificates of good standing and/or compliance (or the equivalent) from the Company with respect to the Company and each Subsidiary, in each case dated no earlier than two (2) Business Days prior to the Tier 1 Closing Date;

(f)
the Subscriber and its legal counsel receiving confirmation from the Company's duly appointed registrar and transfer agent for the Common Shares dated no earlier than two (2) Business Days prior to the Tier 1 Closing Date as to the issued and outstanding Common Shares;

(g)
all covenants, agreements and conditions contained in this Subscription Agreement to be performed by the Company on or prior to the Tier 1 Closing Date shall have been performed or complied with in all material respects, and the Subscriber and its legal counsel shall have received a certificate from the Company in form and substance acceptable to the Subscriber and its legal counsel, acting reasonably, dated the applicable date signed by the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer of the Company in each case certifying for and on behalf of the Company, as the case may be, and not in their personal capacities, after having made due inquiries, with respect to the following matters:

(i)
the Company having complied with all the covenants in all material respects (or, if qualified by materiality, in all respects) and satisfied all the terms and conditions of this Subscription Agreement on its part to be complied with and satisfied at or prior to the Tier 1 Closing Time;





10

(ii)
there being no Order having the effect of prohibiting the sale of the Tier 1 Preferred Shares or any of the Company’s issued securities, and no proceeding for such purpose being pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened under any applicable Securities Laws; and

(iii)
the representations and warranties of the Company contained in this Subscription Agreement and in any certificates of the Company delivered pursuant to or in connection with this Subscription Agreement being true and correct in all material respects (or, if qualified by materiality, in all respects) at the Tier 1 Closing Time, with the force and effect as if made on and as at such Tier 1 Closing Time, except for such representations and warranties which are in respect of a specific date in which case such representations and warranties shall be true and correct, in all material respects (or, if qualified by materiality, in all respects), as of such date;

(h)
the Subscriber not having exercised any rights of termination set forth in Sections 8.1 or 8.3 hereof;

(i)
there being no Order having the effect of prohibiting the sale of the Tier 1 Preferred Shares or any of the Company’s issued securities, and no proceeding for such purpose being pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened under any applicable Securities Laws; and

(j)
the Company having obtained all necessary approvals and consents required for the Company to consummate the transactions contemplated herein to be consummated at the Tier 1 Closing, including from NASDAQ with respect to the listing of the Underlying Common Shares on such exchange, all of which shall be and remain so long as necessary in full force and effect.

4.3    Company’s Conditions to Tier 1 Closing

The Subscriber acknowledges and agrees that the obligations of the Company hereunder are conditional on the accuracy in all material respects of the representations and warranties of the Subscriber contained in this Subscription Agreement as of the date of this Subscription Agreement, and as of the Tier 1 Closing Time as if made at and as of the Tier 1 Closing Time (except with respect to representations and warranties which relate to a specific date, in which case such representations and warranties shall be materially accurate as of such date), and the fulfillment of the following additional conditions as soon as reasonably practicable and in any event not later than the Tier 1 Closing Time:

(a)
the (i) sale of the Tier 1 Preferred Shares by the Company to the Subscriber being exempt from the requirements as to the filing of a prospectus and as to the preparation of an offering memorandum or similar document contained in any applicable Securities Laws or upon the issuance of such Orders, consents or approvals as may be required to permit such sale without the requirement of filing a prospectus or delivering an offering memorandum or similar document and (ii) offer and sale of the Tier 1 Preferred Shares being exempt from the registration requirements of the U.S. Securities Act and applicable Securities Laws;

(b)
the sale of the Tier 1 Preferred Shares by the Company to the Subscriber being exempt from the formal valuation and minority approval requirements set out in MI 61-101;

(c)
there being no Order having the effect of prohibiting the sale of the Tier 1 Preferred Shares or any of the Company’s issued securities, and no proceeding for such purpose being pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened under any applicable Securities Laws;

(d)
all covenants, agreements and conditions contained in this Subscription Agreement to be performed by the Subscriber on or prior to the Tier 1 Closing Date shall have been performed or complied with in all material respects;

(e)
the Company not having exercised any rights of termination set forth in Sections 8.2 or 8.3 hereof;





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(f)
the Subscriber having delivered to the Company payment by direct funds transfer or wire transfer in satisfaction of the Tier 1 Subscription Amount for the Tier 1 Preferred Shares and having properly completed, signed and delivered any further documentation as required under the Securities Laws, which the Subscriber covenants and agrees to do on or prior to the Tier 1 Closing Time on the Tier 1 Closing Date upon the prior written request by the Company; and

(g)
the Company having obtained all necessary approvals and consents required for the Company to consummate the transactions contemplated herein to be consummated at the Tier 1 Closing, including from NASDAQ to the extent required with respect to the listing of the Underlying Common Shares on such exchange, all of which shall be and remain so long as necessary in full force and effect.

4.4        Tier 2 Closing

Subject to the receipt of all completed documentation in accordance with Sections 4.5 and 4.6, the delivery and sale of the Tier 2 Preferred Shares will be completed (the Tier 2 Closing) at the offices of the Company’s counsel, Farris, Vaughn, Wills & Murphy LLP, in Vancouver, British Columbia at 6:30 a.m. (Vancouver time) (the Tier 2 Closing Time) on the second (2nd) Business Day following the performance and satisfaction of the terms and conditions contained in Sections 4.5 and 4.6 of this Subscription Agreement (the date of such closing, the Tier 2 Closing Date), or such other place, date or time as the Company and the Subscriber may agree.

If, prior to or at the Tier 2 Closing Time, the terms and conditions contained in Sections 4.5 and 4.6 of this Subscription Agreement have been complied with to the satisfaction of the Subscriber and the Company, respectively, each acting reasonably, or waived by the Subscriber and the Company, as the case may be, the Subscriber shall deliver to the Company at the Tier 2 Closing Time (i) a direct funds transfer or wire transfer in satisfaction of the Tier 2 Subscription Amount for the Tier 2 Preferred Shares against delivery by the Company of one or more certificates representing the Tier 2 Preferred Shares registered in the name of the Subscriber and bearing an appropriate legend (as set forth herein) referring to the fact that the Tier 2 Preferred Shares were sold in reliance upon an exemption from (x) registration under the U.S. Securities Act and (y) the prospectus requirement of applicable Securities Law in British Columbia, but otherwise free and clear of all restrictive or other legends or statements or, if the Tier 2 Preferred Shares are entered in a direct registration system, the written notice of such entry; and (ii) such other documentation as may be required pursuant to the Subscription Agreement. For certainty, any certificate or notice of entry into a direct registration system shall bear any legends required by the U.S. Securities Act or other Securities Laws, including the legend set forth in Section 6.2(g) hereof.

4.5        Subscriber’s Conditions to Tier 2 Closing

The Company acknowledges and agrees that the obligations of the Subscriber hereunder are conditional on the accuracy in all material respects of the Fundamental Company Representations and Warranties as of the date of this Subscription Agreement, and as of the Tier 2 Closing Time as if made at and as of the Tier 2 Closing Time (except with respect to such representations and warranties which relate to a specific date, in which case such representations and warranties shall be materially accurate as of such date), except for any inaccuracy, individually or in the aggregate, that would not result in a Material Adverse Effect on the Company, and the fulfillment of the following additional conditions as soon as reasonably practicable and in any event not later than the Tier 2 Closing Time:

(a)
the Subscriber receiving a written waiver from the Company of the provisions of the Standstill Agreement that would otherwise prohibit the execution of this Subscription Agreement or the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby, including the Subscriber’s acquisition of the Tier 2 Preferred Shares;

(b)
the Company obtaining the Company Shareholder Approval at the Company Meeting;

(c)
the Company adopting and filing the Articles of Amendment with the applicable Governmental Entity;






12

(d)
the Subscriber receiving an opinion from the Company’s counsel as to the matters set out in Schedule “C”;

(e)
the Subscriber and its legal counsel receiving a certificate from the Company, in form and substance acceptable to the Subscriber and its legal counsel, acting reasonably, dated the Tier 2 Closing Date signed by the Chief Executive Officer or Chief Financial Officer (or such other officer(s) acceptable to the Subscriber) certifying:

(i)
the constating documents of the Company;

(ii)
the resolutions of the Company Board and the ad hoc independent committee of the Company Board (comprised of all of the members of the Audit Committee of the Company) and any other corporation authorization related to the Offering, the allotment and sale of the Tier 2 Preferred Shares, the reservation of the Underlying Common Shares, the authorization of this Subscription Agreement, and the other agreements and transactions contemplated by this Subscription Agreement; and

(iii)
the incumbency and signatures of signing officers of the Company;

(f)
the Subscriber and its legal counsel receiving certificates of good standing and/or compliance (or the equivalent) from the Company with respect to the Company and each Subsidiary, in each case dated no earlier than two (2) Business Days prior to the Tier 2 Closing Date;

(g)
the Subscriber and its legal counsel receiving confirmation from the Company's duly appointed registrar and transfer agent for the Common Shares and Preferred Shares dated no earlier than two (2) Business Days prior to the Tier 2 Closing Date as to the issued and outstanding Common Shares and Preferred Shares;

(h)
all covenants, agreements and conditions contained in this Subscription Agreement to be performed by the Company on or prior to the Tier 2 Closing Date shall have been performed or complied with in all material respects, and the Subscriber and its legal counsel shall have received a certificate from the Company in form and substance acceptable to the Subscriber and its legal counsel, acting reasonably, dated the applicable date signed by the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer of the Company in each case certifying for and on behalf of the Company, as the case may be, and not in their personal capacities, after having made due inquiries, with respect to the following matters:

(i)
the Company having complied with all the covenants in all material respects (or, if qualified by materiality, in all respects) and satisfied all the terms and conditions of this Subscription Agreement on its part to be complied with and satisfied at or prior to the Tier 2 Closing Time;

(ii)
there being no Order having the effect of prohibiting the sale of the Tier 2 Preferred Shares or any of the Company’s issued securities, and no proceeding for such purpose being pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened under any applicable Securities Laws; and

(iii)
the Fundamental Company Representations and Warranties contained in this Subscription Agreement and in any certificates of the Company delivered pursuant to or in connection with this Subscription Agreement being true and correct in all material respects (or, if qualified by materiality, in all respects) at the Tier 2 Closing Time, with the force and effect as if made on and as at such Tier 2 Closing Time, except for such representations and warranties which are in respect of a specific date in which case such representations and warrantied shall be true and correct, in all material respects (or, if qualified by materiality, in all respects), as of such date, except for any inaccuracy, individually or in the aggregate, that would not result in a Material Adverse Effect on the Company;







13

(i)
the Subscriber not having exercised any rights of termination set forth in Sections 8.1 or 8.3 hereof;

(j)
there being no Order having the effect of prohibiting the sale of the Tier 2 Preferred Shares or any of the Company’s issued securities, and no proceeding for such purpose being pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened under any applicable Securities Laws; and

(k)
the Company having obtained all necessary approvals and consents required for the Company to consummate the transactions contemplated herein to be consummated at the Tier 2 Closing, including from NASDAQ to the extent required with respect to the listing of the Underlying Common Shares on such exchange.

4.6        Company’s Conditions to Tier 2 Closing

The Subscriber acknowledges and agrees that the obligations of the Company hereunder are conditional on the accuracy in all material respects of the Fundamental Subscriber Representations and Warranties as of the date of this Subscription Agreement, and as of the Tier 2 Closing Time as if made at and as of the Tier 2 Closing Time (except with respect to such representations and warranties which relate to a specific date, in which case such representations and warranties shall be materially accurate as of such date), and the fulfillment of the following additional conditions as soon as reasonably practicable and in any event not later than the Tier 2 Closing Time:

(a)
the Company obtaining the Company Shareholder Approval at the Company Meeting;

(b)
the (i) sale of the Tier 2 Preferred Shares by the Company to the Subscriber being exempt from the requirements as to the filing of a prospectus and as to the preparation of an offering memorandum or similar document contained in any applicable Securities Laws or upon the issuance of such Orders, consents or approvals as may be required to permit such sale without the requirement of filing a prospectus or delivering an offering memorandum or similar document and (ii) offer and sale of the Tier 2 Preferred Shares being exempt from the registration requirements of the U.S. Securities Act and applicable Securities Laws;

(c)
the Company having obtained all necessary approvals and consents required for the Company to consummate the transactions contemplated herein to be consummated at the Tier 2 Closing, including from NASDAQ to the extent required with respect to the listing of the Underlying Common Shares on such exchange;

(d)
there being no Order having the effect of prohibiting the sale of the Tier 2 Preferred Shares or any of the Company’s issued securities, and no proceeding for such purpose being pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened under any applicable Securities Laws

(e)
all covenants, agreements and conditions contained in this Subscription Agreement to be performed by the Parties on or prior to the Tier 2 Closing Date shall have been performed or complied with in all material respects;

(f)
the Company not having exercised any rights of termination set forth in Sections 8.2 or 8.3 hereof; and